The Keystone Pattern

Gareth Samuel is a science educator and frequent contributor to the Thunderbolts Project. He also produces an outstanding video series on Electric Universe theories that aims at the very heart of science. He chose the perfect title for his YouTube channel: “See The Pattern”. If a repeating pattern emerges from Nature, we should recognize it as significant. To truly understand it, we should be able to explain it’s cause and effect and reproduce it. Seeing the pattern and discovering it’s cause and effect is what science is. The “proof” is in recreating the pattern. Not by subjectively programmed and data-fixed mathematical models, but by physical demonstration of the physics involved.

This essay presents a challenge for those with a knack for playing with electricity. I’ll show you a pattern. I call it the “Keystone pattern” because it is a pattern of “key” significance. It’s effect can be found in geology, so it’s written in “stone”. It is a pattern that results from electrical discharges. I will show you this pattern and explain it in the best, plain-language detail I can. Then it will be up to you to reproduce it. It shouldn’t be hard.

In fact it’s been done before. You may know the pattern as the “crooked smile” if you’ve followed the Electric Universe for several years. Michael Steinbacher and Billy Yelverton produced the pattern in image shown. I believe it was Michael that called it the “Crooked Smile”. I’m giving it the “Keystone” name because the “smile” is only part of the pattern.

“Crooked Smile” aka “Keystone Pattern”

Michael intuitively understood this pattern was the result of a multi-phase discharge. He was trying to reproduce the shape of Valles Marinaris on Mars. He assumed, correctly, that by creating a discharge in Billy’s laboratory with the proper set-up, they could reproduce Valles Marinaris, and they did. Unfortunately, they didn’t explain their experimental set-up, so we’ll have to guess.

My guess is they laid a metal plate on a table, to form one electrode. They covered the metal plate with a dielectric plate, probably glass or plastic, to add resistance and enhance the reactive power. Then they hung another electrode a few inches above the plate and covered the plate in sand.

I believe they then took two leads from a 3-phase power source, stepped them to high voltage and connected one lead to the plate and one lead to the hanging electrode, creating a point-to-plane electric field between two out-of-phase circuits.

The pattern is caused by electrical induction currents that spread out in the horizontal plane from the vertically oriented, multi-phased discharge between the electrodes. These type of induction currents are called “reactive power” currents. You can think of it like aiming a firehose at the floor. The stream of water from the nozzle is an analogy for the vertical discharge current. In terms of electricity, we call that real power, because it’s going where we want it. The water that splashes from the floor are reactive currents, or reactive power currents in the case of electricity., that are splashing across the electrode plate.

The stream of water hitting the floor is like electrical current hitting resistance. Reactive power is the energy of currents that get re-directed by resistance. The “splash pattern” that reactive power makes is peculiar, and very specific to electro-magnetism. Unlike water that splashes away vectored by kinetic energy and gravity, an electric current generates moving electric and magnetic fields that vector its reactive energy. So, it generates a repeating fractal pattern. Reproducing it in the lab is as compelling as scientific evidence can get.

It’s also compelling when you can find it in Nature over and over again. We are going to use it to identify several electrical craters here on Earth, and doing so dispel the silly notion that Earth has been bombarded by asteroids and comets. Here is the Keystone pattern:

Keystone Pattern

The pattern occurs over the duration of the discharge, while it is in contact with the ground and making a complete circuit. Over time, the voltage vector of reactive power shooting out from the focal point, rotates around the pattern like the second hand of a clock, pointing to all points on the compass, only it sweeps around counter-clockwise instead of clock-wise. The current that follows this voltage vector lags behind it, like the minute hand of the clock chasing the second hand, but never catching up.

At the same time magnetic fields are pulsing outward in concentric waves from the focal point and inducing current to follow it. This sets-up an interference pattern of positive and negatively charged regions around the circle formed by the induced currents, where the sand grains which also carry charge are either attracted or repelled. It is much like a cymatic pattern created by a particular frequency of vibration, only this is caused by induced, out-of-phase currents. Where the charge on the plate is the same as the sand, the sand is levitated away, which is technically called sputtering, to region of opposite charge where it sticks to form a mountain.

The Red Cross – represents primary reactive currents that “splash” at particular vectors from the discharge focused at the center of the X. C is a filament of electric induction, or capacitive reactive current. L is a filament of magnetic induction reactive current.

The Green dashed circle – represents “stray capacitance” generated in concentric rings around the focus of the discharge by magnetic fields. These are rings of step-potentials expressed as hills and valleys, mountains, or crater rims in geologic formations.

The Blue Lines are the “crooked smile” and portray induction currents following the electric, or magnetic fields, or both.

On the left hand quadrant formed by the Red X, electric field induction dominates and the current flows straight to the encircling ring and makes a 90 degree turn to follow parallel to the ring, because the capacitor ring is a standing potential wave in the electric field.

The quadrant on the right is the magnetic induction dominated region, so current streams out perpendicular to magnetic field lines, induced by the magnetic field. These lines intersect the green rings at 90 degrees.

In the center, through the top quadrant are Bars of Blue. The bars are unipolar winds that drag straight across the focal point of the discharge. They are probably the easiest to identify feature of reactive power currents.

The “crooked smile” is a fractal circuit pattern of capacitive and inductive eddy currents in these particular quadrants of reactive power. The direction of current flow can go either way, depending on polarities, so I don’t usually show arrows in diagrams.

The top and bottom quadrants are where reactive currents form updrafts and downdrafts. The Yellow Star in the top quadrant is a downdraft current, and the Pale Green Swirl in the bottom quadrant is an updraft. These would be tornadoes and downbursts of plasma wind and lightning. They generally leave circular patterns of depressions, or hills. The next image shows the same features more fully annotated.

Note how the right-side magnetic induction currents (IL) meet the encircling capacitance at 90 degrees, while the on the left, capacitive induction currents (Ic) bend 90 degrees to parallel the encircling capacitance. Note also that the upper half of the right and left quadrants are more inductive, with tendrils crossing perpendicular to the encirclement, and the lower halves are more capacitive, with parallel flows. The left, or capacitive quadrant will sometimes develop “Z” shaped currents, with current alternating it’s vector between magnetic and electric fields.

The top and bottom quadrants produce up and down currents (through the page) that encircle the crux of the discharge in a ring, or toroidal current. The Yellow Star and Green Swirl are the face and footprint of this current. For those interested in math and fractals, phasors are calculated with complex numbers. The complex numbers have irrational number multipliers in the equations that apply to these top and bottom quadrants. So it can be said that weather is irrational.

The action of eddy currents is better understood with the following .gif illustration that portrays the magnetic flux generated by the discharging current. The left-hand side of this ‘compare’ image shows the field lines of magnetism created along the ground plane at 90 degrees to the discharge. The right-hand side (you can slide the divider to compare either side) has black lines indicating the path of induced, reactive eddy currents created by the magnetic flux.

Magnetic field and reactive eddy currents.

I first discovered the pattern while examining the Laramie Mountains in Wyoming. The pattern can make a crater, or a mountain, depending on polarity. I published two articles on these mountains last year. It wasn’t until this year I recognized that pattern I found was the same as Michael’s crooked smile.

Laramie Mountains, Wyoming.

The Laramie pattern was caused by a plasma meso-cyclone – with it’s central updraft representing the real power discharge – or the firehose current – a positive ion current flowing up from the ground into the storm. The ground was negatively charged, and so, positive ionic matter from the winds collected there by static attraction, adhering to form the mountains. The mountains retain the shape of the winds that deposited them, which are in the Keystone pattern.

The pattern can be quantified and mapped with something called a phasor diagram.

Phasors are 3-D graphs of vectors. For electrical circuits, they are used to determine the amplitude and direction of energy flow, or power at a given time. In alternating current, multi-phase systems, there are two or more waves out of phase with each other. Phasors are used to determine the resultant vector for the flow of power, voltage and current when there are multiple waves.

Manmade circuits work best when the energy sent ‘down the wires’ is aimed straight and doesn’t splash. Although some reactive power is needed, unwanted “splashing” is inefficient. It shows up as heat loss, signal noise and can even create plasma streamers from high voltage power connections.

We manage this with physical things like insulation, capacitors, transformers and generators to control frequency and amplitude and maximize what is called “real power”, or firehose power, as opposed to “reactive power”, or splashing.

Nature lets energy splash all over, and it results in plasma winds, storms and tornadoes. It also results in rock and mountain formation.

The next image you will recognize as the Richat Structure. The ‘compare’ image shows the basic Keystone pattern features. Wind direction is verified where possible by the triangular faces of tetrahedral hills formed in supersonic shock waves, and rock dikes (not marked on this image) caused by wind and shock wave.

The Richat Structure. Green should be labelled Stray Capacitance, not Magnetic field. Move slider to compare.

The Richat was created by a plasma tornado spinning like a buzz-saw between two opposing jet-streams. Tornadoes have a down-streaming, core wind inside the spinning updraft. A tornado is called a Marklund Current, and it has a central, core downdraft of ionic wind. That is why tornado genesis begins with a descending column of condensate meeting a rising swirl of dust. It’s a connection being made to complete a circuit of opposing positive and negative current flow.

The Keystone pattern, in the case of the Richat, was caused by induction winds that hugged the ground, being fed by the core downdraft, and blowing out beneath the up-drafting whirlwind.

The next images shows the wind pattern of the whirlwind and the shock waves that resulted from the induction winds crossing under the whirlwinds. The winds cross orthogonally and leave cross-hatched shock features.

The Shoemaker crater in Australia provides another example of the Keystone. The crater doesn’t show signs of rotation on the ground, but the Red Cross of induced ground currents formed a rock dike that is fairly pronounced, as are wind patterned mountains at the Green Encircling ring of capacitance forming the crater rim.

Shoemaker Crater, Western Australia

Induction features can be either anodic, or cathodic. If the ground is charged negative and a wind full of positive ionic matter blows over, a mountain of adhering matter will form. If the negative ground is exposed to a ground-to-ground discharge, it will sputter, or blast earth away and leave a depression. If the ground has positive matter in it, that will suck to the discharge and fuse to form a rock dike. Examples of rock dikes formed by ground currents are shown in the next images.

Anode and cathode features will appear alternately as current passes through the encircling rings of capacitance, making interference patterns in hills and crater rims.

If you are wondering, are these patterns on the Moon? They are not. Lunar craters are from Direct Current (DC) discharges, because the Moon is not alive with a geomagnetic field like Earth is. Earth is a multi-phased circuit, and these patterns result from multiphase Alternating Current (AC) interactions.

There are several craters that exhibit the fast unipolar winds crossing the crater rims caused by induction across the Blue Bar. Here are three in the next collage of images.

Blue Bar induction winds. Pingualuit Crater, Quebec

No one crater exhibits every feature perfectly. Some features are covered by sand, water, farms and cities. Some have eroded and some simply don’t develop in every condition. The patterns develop from reactive currents in both the air and ground. There is, however pattern consistency when several features are evident in the correct position with respect to the quadrants of the phasor. Here are several craters from around the Earth, most of them falsely attributed to meteors. They are the result of a discharge current flowing between Earth and sky. All exhibit aspects of the Keystone Pattern.

Note the “Q” in each ring. At roughly the five o’clock position, each crater exhibits a hooked shaped slash, or other anomaly through the ring. Of course, I’ve oriented the pictures so they are consistent, but note there is also similarity in the pattern of river channels connected to the ring to either side of the “Q” mark in most of the craters. So, there is a quick and dirty way to identify the Keystone pattern. Look for the “Q” with a lightning bolt through it.

Truth is always holistic… we’ve been trained to think our consciousness is constrained to the brain. It’s not.


12 thoughts on “The Keystone Pattern”

  1. Hi

    Maybe you’ve explained it and I’ve missed it, if so then sorry for asking you to repeat yourself. What causes the Q phenomenon?


    Liked by 1 person

    1. It’s an aspect of the keystone pattern, where typically a river channel or other feature cuts into the crater from three sides. Two sides usually dominate and pierce the ring opposite each other, and sometimes connect. A triangular, or “wye” connection is an aspect of multi-phase circuit junctures, which I’d hoped someone would notice. There are many “layers” to the keystone pattern, and I didn’t try to describe all of them. It’s a 3-D electromagnetic structure of which you are seeing only a 2-D footprint on the ground. Some aspects are variable with conditions. I focused on the more apparent and consistent wind current patterns. The river channels are caused by ground currents. I like to leave some puzzles for people to look into. You hit the jackpot. Thanks!


  2. Many thanks, as always, for your lucid explanations. I myself have been fascinated by the repetitious patterns of electromagnetic phenomena otherwise known as tropical cyclones, hurricanes and typhoons. You have referred to the anodal earth and the cathodal sky: I prefer the anodal volcanoes and the cathodal cyclonic storms which track unerringly towards igneous regions, without exception save for the South Atlantic magnetic anomaly, worldwide.


    1. I leave room for misunderstanding. The Earth ‘ground’ is negative. The lowest layer of plasma over the land is dust filled and positively biased, and it’s this layer that deposits positive ionic matter on the negative ground. It’s this lowest layer of positive plasma that interacts with the storms above most violently in updrafts and downdrafts, feeding them energy and causing lightning and tornadoes, and screeching supersonic winds. Follow research on Jupiter’s storms and you’ll find NASA is discovering what I’m saying. I agree with you about the granitic regions and storm tracks and Earth’s magnetic influence on weather.


  3. I read that we had two planetary births and one planetary extinction. Earth Venus and Apollo, in that order. Apollo possibly as a result of the birth of Earth….

    The births are like human ones, messy. When the Sun goes out for a few days, that is the warning. Then a renewal of the power supply, with a change in polarity.

    A very few maps still survive, showing that when viewed as written, what we now call south was at the top of the map. Probably the influence of the magnetic needle. The planets literally turn over, retaining their spin, but for less than one day, the Sun appears to set where it rose.

    The New Sun, the Nova, blows off a lot of material…. This is the source of the pressures you so eloquently lay out. The harshest blast was when the Earth left. It seems to have affected the Americas worse than elsewhere, judging by what is called the Dryas. When leaving, the planet expands, with the greatest effort at one point, always producing a volcano that spits out ‘moons’. It seems that the volcano, Tibet, was opposite the smaller globe that became the Earth we know. So, maybe the Dryas was the new photosphere appearing as the planet left?

    America got the blast from Venus, with orogenesis providing us with the Rockies and Andes. I am not the origin of that theory.

    Does this fit with you?


    1. Partly. I agree Earth flipped, I think several times at a frequency. I also agree Venus and Mars were involved and probably other planets, maybe not all at the same time. I think Saturn may be the up-setter, not the Sun, but it could have been a chain reaction. Jupiter shows signs it spit something out recently.

      I think Venus spit from Saturn and the EMP hit Mars, engulfed Mars and hit Earth at the North pole, because the planets were in linear alignment. That caused the moon to spit out of Earth at Antarctica and this led to the first flip. That event ties to the “Great Unconformity” – way before the YD. I think the YD is when we broke the Moon from a dramatic, close orbit that unbalanced Earth’s rotation and caused the “tennis racket effect” flipping, and the moon drifted away, which has stopped the flipping. That is likely when Earth, Mars and Venus all broke from Saturn to orbit the Sun, each in their own energy lane. The change in orbit explains some gravity issues, like dinosaurs and megaliths. It explains a lot of things. Mull it over. Cheers!


  4. thank you for sharing from #StrawHat4DKingPirate and Solutions for Earth Catastrophe Cycle, #S4ECC2048.


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