Immanuel Velikovsky described worlds in collision, and correctly identified the physics of such interactions. They are electric. He was informed by classical physics, such as the work of Christian Berkeland, who half a century earlier discovered the polar aurora is Earth’s electrical connection to the Sun. Today, the Electric Universe community carries theories of an electric cosmos forward, it having been abandoned long ago by mainstream consensus in favor of no Aether, and a miraculous big bang.
We are at odds with consensus science beliefs. Besides the obvious, fundamental disagreements about Aether and gravity, and the plethora of differences flowing from that, we also have a fundamentally different way of addressing scientific inquiry. The examination of shock waves provides an example worth discussing.
Non-volcanic mountains all over the world were laid in place by winds and electric currents. I can’t confirm each and every hillock, but by and large, the mountains around you, wherever you are, were made by wind. They were plasma winds, charged with ions and free electrons, laden with dust and water vapor that carried the current within. Each wind-stream was a current. The dust and water was also charged. Dust was part of the plasma, and amplified it’s effects.
The ground was charged, too, as currents welled from the Earth like springs of water. In fact, much of Earth’s currents are carried by water, so springs of water and current were one and the same. Everything, or at least almost everything was charged in that environment; when the creation of Earth as we know it, with the basic shape of the continents we have now, occurred.
Now this brings up the first big difference we have with consensus science. Consensus science sees a collection of ions as a collection of charged particles that will ultimately recombine and form neutral matter. They either dissect it’s behavior into quantum probabilities, or address it as a bulk entity and ignore it’s inner workings. Either way, they miss the big picture.
We see a collection of ions as a circuit. It is a self organizing body, called plasma, that organizes through the actions of it’s frequencies, interference patterns and feedbacks. It forms membrane walls by capacitance, takes life from currents within, is motivated by electric fields, and reacts in feedback to it’s surroundings with magnetism. That organization is called circuitry. That is why geology, if looked at as part of Earth’s circuitry, totally makes sense. The patterns of circuitry between the earth and sky are evident.
This can be proven simply by looking at the result of shock waves on Earth produced by the plasma winds. The highly ionized plasma winds were supersonic and therefore made shock waves. The shock waves acted as wave guides for dust and current, piling the dust and fusing it into mountains.
To recognize this, all one need do is compare mountains of scientific results from supersonic wind tunnel tests to the tetrahedral shapes of mountains. The tetrahedral shapes, as well as numerous other geologic configurations in mountains, can be shown to be the result of shock waves. The morphologies – shape and composition of mountain features – can be shown to precisely match that of shock waves – and shock waves can be shown to produce the morphology of mountains, empirically.
It is a visual correlation. No math is needed. Of course, a thorough scientific inquiry would include forensic analysis to establish data on the energies involved, the wind speeds and the densities, chemistries and voltages. From this, mathematical models could be made to test and confirm the physics. However, that really isn’t needed to understand the basic circuitry.
Circuitry is a pattern. It is the pattern that informs us, not the math. We already have the math. It is the math of electromagnetism and magneto-hydrodynamics. The links between pattern and math are already known. With regards to shock waves and geology, the patterns are on the landscape to be analyzed. All that is lacking are people educated in the right sciences and willing to get the data and apply the math. Unfortunately, our small community doesn’t yet have such people.
It seems most people schooled in the right sciences prefer to have a career, and a prerequisite for that is accepting the consensus. There are geologists and earth scientists in the EU community (mostly retired people who don’t need a job and have the luxury to seek truth) who have some of the training to apply, but they don’t have backgrounds in aerodynamics. I have yet to hear from anyone who really understands shock waves.
We have electrical engineers who understand circuits, but only when they are contained by wiring and insulation. They don’t seem to know squat about shock waves, arc blast, stray capacitance, or fringing fields because their designs and equations are intended to eliminate these things. The plasma scientists who understand everything, can’t be bothered with geology, because the sexy stuff is outer-space. You know how important it is to know what a black hole really is. That will truly change our lives, right? It’s sexy, and interesting, but it’s not pertinent to anyone’s immediate future. Frankly, if I see an article with “Black Hole” in the title, I don’t read it, because I know whatever is said can’t be verified and I’ll forget about it the next day because it isn’t important.
Understanding the Earth, however, would lead to understanding and perhaps preventing, or mitigating catastrophic earthquakes, volcanoes and weather. It would give us an understanding, instead of a political agenda, behind climate change. It would tell us what caused past extinction catastrophes, and whether they might happen again. This is information that matters. This is information that saves lives.
So I’m giving a bit of admonishment to the scientists in our community for not taking responsibility – as scientists – and focusing on what is most important. But as Natural Philosophers we are very good. People like me, who don’t know all the physics, can still understand the cosmos, from the galaxies to the rocks beneath our feet. My own understanding of physics isn’t half bad, because I’m an engineer, but my knowledge should be described as “an inch deep and a mile wide”. My career required me to know enough about electronics and power transmission, as well as chemistry, geology and human psychology to manage a team building power plants. It’s the “mile-wide” that is important. That’s the other difference we have with the consensus.
The consensus requires specialization. The “big picture” is reserved for the few, mostly astrophysicists who, having spent their time contemplating black holes, haven’t a clue about the real world. They live in their cloistered, academic bubbles.
We have people who might not have a high school education, but they comprehend the universe more than those scientists do. That is because they “see the pattern”, and recognize it’s more important than math. If you have seen one Fibonacci sequence in Nature, you’ll always see it. You can’t un-see it, and there is no point in revisiting the math every time just to recognize it. It’s everywhere in biology, geology, chemistry, and the rest of the cosmos. Likewise the dendrites, filaments and capacitor interfaces created in the process of charge diffusion. Just look, it’s always there. So, we don’t need to beat a dead horse. The math is already evident in the pattern. We know everything is a circuit, therefore coherent, and the patterns are the result, not coincidences.
To the consensus, who look at computer screens instead of Nature, patterns can be coincidences, and therefore not reliable. It’s the same thing they say about eye-witness accounts. This is another big difference we have with the consensus.
Just take what I said about water and currents. Current welling from the ground will carry water with it, because water is it’s conductor and follows the current.
And compare with the concept of “fountains of the great deep” as described by the flood story in the Bible:
“In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened.”
Consensus science ignores, and even denigrates the idea mythologies shed light on the truth. But we see mythologies as accounts, because we recognize patterns of plasma events in their telling. And this is corroborated in ancient art, petroglyphs and symbols.
Never mind the implausibility of Noah living six hundred years for the moment. The plausibility of earth gushing water while under electrical stress is something we should expect to happen, and we therefore give credence to the Bible and other ancient texts and mythologies as a record of witnesses. And we keep an open mind about Noah’s age, because we don’t know the effect of a heightened electrical environment on life. There is ample reason to expect, from fossil record data, that life exploded after extinction catastrophes at rates Darwin’s theories alone cannot explain.
Empirically, we know electricity can make plants grow faster, as well as crystals. High potential accelerates growth. Perhaps it also extends it. We don’t know, but we can see the pattern integrates electricity and life, and we can see the pattern of electric actions that created Noah’s flood. You can pick any other ancient mythology, of course, because each and every one has a flood account.
Consensus science can’t do this. They blinder themselves. They deny the possibility of the great flood, even though it’s documented by every ancient culture’s mythology. It’s the difference between smart, and wise – woke, or awake, as said in the popular lexicon.
Consensus science is reductionist. They take a clock and break it, then examine each piece to figure out what it is. We just look at a clock and say, that’s a clock, because we take a holistic embrace of data knowing there is purpose and pattern due to circuitry.
Another inescapable difference between us and the consensus is our sense of spirituality. Although, in the EU community ones spiritual belief is a personal thing, it can be said of the consensus that they proselytize for atheism. Their cosmos is a big cloud of particles from which intelligent life emerges as a consequence of those particles bouncing around. Energy always disassociates to entropy, and it’s all rather pointless. And they want us to know how pointless we are.
For us, circuits form life. We are individual bodies of highly evolved circuitry and free will. Perhaps the pinnacle of life in the universe, perhaps not. But we only experience a narrow portion of the cosmic bandwidth. We know there is circuitry beyond our ability to experience, for the same reason we don’t hear a dog whistle, or feel a radio wave.
We know circuitry is intelligence. That is what thinking is: circuits firing in your body, sending, receiving and processing signals. We also know that our internal circuits receive signals from the environment we incorporate in our processes. Feel, see, hear, smell, taste and the other one we get, but can’t detect. That is our connection to the Aether.
Earth is no different. My calculator thinks much faster than I do, because it has circuits designed to calculate. It’s not “alive”, of course, but it thinks. Earth’s circuits think. Every circuit thinks. The cosmos is a circuit. The cosmos has to think. By my definition, that’s God; the Alpha and Omega, from beginning to end, the morphology of a circuit. For me, this is an inescapable conclusion in the Electric Universe. And it came from recognizing shock waves.
It’s my mission to make everyone realize that shock wave patterns on mountains are as obvious, identifiable, laboratory verifiable and mathematically modellable as the Fibonacci sequence is in a pinecone. I have little interest in convincing scientists. I have tried and their eyes look past me. They adopt the blank look of a zombie, because they are programmed only to think in certain channels. My goal is to expand the bandwidth, and provide every person with knowledge you can see in Nature for yourself.
With that appreciation of Nature comes wisdom. When we can all see the pattern, we’ll stop funding consensus science and it will die on the ash heap of history. There is a century of bad science that needs to be thrown away, and a new frontier of science to be explored. One that will actually give us answers.
Every butte has a crack, but not all cracks are beautiful. Though some are magnificent, ruler straight and parallel, some can be ugly, chaotic mangles. But there is a quixotic pattern to ugly cracks, so we must not discriminate. Whether they make lovely geometric shapes, or chaotic mangles, a study of cracks is essential Electric Universe science.
The reason is cracks are interfaces – boundary layers – and electrically, that’s where the action is. To understand any geology, the first thing to look for is boundary layers. Charge collects at boundary layers where it displays the effects of inductance and capacitance most prominently.
To begin with, the outside of Earth’s crust is a boundary layer. Sonic shock waves made the geometry, and electricity made the chemistry. Wind, also motivated by electric currents, made things move – kinetics. Energy came from within the Earth as a release of stored capacitance. That, in a nutshell, explains the face of the Earth. The creation of virtually every mountain, hill and dale on the planet is summarized in those sentences. The devil’s in the details however, so that’s why we are looking at cracks.
Cracks are the remnant of capacitor interfaces in Nature’s circuitry. They are boundary layers between different materials. The boundary layer separates two dielectrics with a double layer of charge – a capacitor. The dielectric difference was due to difference in dielectric property of the material at the time it was laid down by plasma winds. The dielectric properties differed due to the elemental and molecular makeup of the material, and the state it was in at the time. The material’s temperature, density and pressure influenced the material’s dielectric, and shock waves produced sharp discontinuities in pressure, density, temperature, as well as, charge density.
First, let’s dismiss cracks that aren’t part of the electrical circuit we want to examine. Some cracks are from thermal stresses as matter cooled and contracted, or structural as matter shook and settled from seismic forces. These cracks are generally vertically aligned due to gravity. Gravity makes the fracture plane vertical because it’s the path of least resistance, where gravity’s force vector has no influence holding the rock together.
A good example is how hydraulic fracturing is done in oil and gas production. A fluid is pumped into the well bore to the bottom of the hydrocarbon formation and pressurized until the well bore pressure exceeds the overburden pressure. Fluid pressure separates the rock vertically, creating a fissure that extends the contact of the well bore upwards into the hydrocarbon bearing formation. The practice allows access to hydrocarbons otherwise locked away in dead zones far from the well.
That’s just to illustrate that vertical fracturing is predictable, applied science. A cooling, contracting rock will fracture vertically for the same reason that swelling the rock under pressure fractures vertically – Newton’s Laws.
Some cracks are due to lightning. These are certainly electrical, but lightning finds it’s own path. It’s not wave-guided by interfaces other than the surface it contacts, which still leaves much freedom of motion. Therefore, lightning wanders, following conductive paths on the surface it strikes. It may be vertically oriented, vectored by the electric field, but it will generally not display a pure geometry, such as straight lines and polygonal forms. It’s form is chaotic.
Lightning blasted rock often displays shearing, where the blast fractured rock; or melting, burning, or chemical reaction from the heat and charge. A dipolar magnetic signature should be detectable across the current path. But lightning scars are not the type of cracks we want today.
We want to discuss cracks generated by shock waves and electricity at the shear zone between the land and plasma winds, at a time when Earth was embroiled in the epic maelstrom of creation. In other words, we want cracks made where the filthy underbelly of the Ouroboros scraped the land.
The Ouroboros, or the penultimate representation of the concept, anyway, is the plasma wind that wrapped the Earth during key stages of its evolution. Sharp discontinuities in plasma winds caused by supersonic shock waves left imprints in deposits of ionized dust, which manifested as cracks as the dust recombined to form rock. The discontinuity in a shock wave includes density, pressure, charge density and dielectric property, which electrically makes it act like a capacitor. Therefore cracks in rocks are the all important proof of wind formation and the circuitry in the plasma winds.
To define a crack, first of all, means an intrusion, or separation between rock matrices, or the boundary between stratified layers, whether the space between is a void, or filled with material. Therefore, we include rock veins, dykes, shelves, faults, and similar geologic structures along with empty cracks. The difference is whether material was pulled into the crack, or expelled from the crack by electric fields. Either way, the crack was made by shock waves.
That is why there are a lot of diagonal cracks. Also polygonal cracks. There are triangles, rectangles, squares and diamonds everywhere in the rocks, the mountain flanks and the outline of mountain peaks. The mountains are composed of triangles at virtually every scale. These were caused by shock waves.
It’s also why they form at particular angles. Mainstream theory assumes rock strata always forms horizontally, and then “uplift” shifts strata into various angles. Uplift is assumed to be caused by the stretching and compression of the crust due to tectonic movements. It is then assumed, erosion from wind, ice, vegetation and rain over millions, or billions of years then polishes the crustal surface into the forms we see today.
The assumptions they make are actually ridiculous. Most rock is very brittle. Limestones and sandstones can break in your hands. Igneous rocks like granite break with a whack of a hammer. If the planet’s crust churned the way they say, under the forces of compression and expansion, lifting and falling, all the while scraping and jostling for billions of years, the mountains would be piles of rubble, not sharply defined tetrahedrons.
Erosion would further break rocks apart, smoothing their edges, rounding their corners and dissolving any geometry they might have had. The mainstream model of tectonics would leave piles of sand and rubble. Yet what we see are sharply defined geometries that accurately and predictably follow the form of sonic shock waves and the separation bubbles they form at the wind-ground interface.
When a shock wave forms, it forms at an angle to the wind’s direction determined by the ratio of the wind’s speed to the speed of sound, called the Mach number. A Mach number of 1 or more means the wind is supersonic. A Mach number of 2 means the wind is twice the speed of sound, and so on. The incident angle the shock wave makes with the ground varies with the Mach number, so it can be used to determine if winds were consistent, forming a consistent angle, or variable in either speed, or direction. If you know the density of the atmosphere, you can determine the velocity of the wind from the Mach Angle.
Shock waves reflect from an interface (like the ground) just like a beam of light reflects from a mirror. The angle of reflection compliments the incident angle. The ground forms a plane shock waves reflect from. Wherever supersonic winds blew, and evidence suggests that was nearly the entire face of the Earth, standing waves formed and reflected from the ground from every channel of jet-stream wind. In fact, shock waves formed whenever a jet-stream wind changed direction, or expanded, or sheared against the earth, or another wind. Therefore, shock waves patterned the winds – the wind rippled with shock waves as they deposited dust and sand – and the deposits retain the patterns.
See The Damn Pattern
Figure 9 compares images of a diagram of a standing shock wave reflecting from a surface (from wind tunnel tests) with an impression of a shock wave reflection in a mountain exposed by a road cut. Every feature of the laboratory produced shock wave is evident in the road cut. The angle between the incident shock wave and the reflected shock wave forms a “Y”. Inside the “Y”, there is a step in the stratigraphy. The “Y” forms a discontinuity where the layers take a step down, as if this wedge sank. They also angle, or dip differently, just as the pressure regimes inside the “Y” of the diagram do. The stratigraphy inside and out of the discontinuity closely matches the “stratigraphy” of pressure regimes in the boundary layer of supersonic winds – because this hill was formed in the boundary layer of a supersonic wind.
Look people, this ain’t no damn coincidence. How could this happen by conventional theory? How could this wedge drop a few feet and neatly fit the “Y” without it’s edges even getting ruffled? The “Y’ isn’t straight, it has a hyperbolic compound curve. How could the wedge sink and still match this curve perfectly, without pinching or leaving gaps, and without disturbing the geometry of the curves, or strata inside, or on either side of the discontinuity? Why does the angle of the wedge strata shift with respect to surroundings on the left discontinuity, and the lower right, but not at the upper right, where the strata remain consistent across the discontinuity? How come, while falling into the crack, the wedge became thicker in the big white band of strata at the top, but only on one side.
None of this makes sense, unless you consider wind deposition at the boundary layer of a standing shock wave reflection. The discontinuities are the impressions left by the incident and reflected shock waves. They form a sharp, geometric boundary with no evidence of friction between. As dust deposited, it met this shock wave and followed the pressure and charge density profile of the shock wave. Dust was sucked down into this hole by pressure differentials across the boundary layer, but layered in proportionate thickness to the step voltages that segregated each pressure regime, and the type of dust being delivered by the plasma wind.
The wind had to pile this dust and gravel pretty fast because the layers filled concurrently. That is, the layers didn’t stack up one after the other. They fire-hosed in, each layer at the same time, segregated by the dielectric property of the dust. Amazing when you think about it, but it was all one flow segregated like a rainbow that suddenly came to a stop and compacted itself into a mountain, freezing in that moment this shock reflection and the effect of it’s sudden pressure anomaly in the air-flow.
Ask anyone to look at this picture and say how the layers deposited, and I guarantee they will respond: “one on top of the other, sequentially over time, with the lowest being the oldest.” Whod’a thunk it all blew in together one one big rainbow of horizontal winds, and then stuck due to static electricity? It’s not easy to wrap your head around because we have been taught not to think outside “The Box”.
One thing you’ll notice: the reflected shock in the diagram is concave with respect to the incident shock, whereas the road cut shows a convex relationship. Take note, this is a particular feature of shock waves. The concave/convex relationship is a function of how the wind is vectored with respect to the ground interface – whether it’s parallel to the ground, lifting from the ground, or driving into it. The diagram depicts a wind moving left to right parallel to the floor of the wind tunnel. The road cut is in a hill the wind was impinging on as it built, and lifting over, changing the Mach angle with respect to level ground, and the reflection geometry from concave to convex.
This also explains why the white band gets thicker on the right of the road cut, but the diagram shows the “edge of the boundary layer” (also marked BL in the diagram) turns down and narrows this top band in the “Y”. The road cut white band widens because it intersects a convex shock wave reflection, whereas in the diagram this top band narrows because it intersects a concave wave. It is a trivial matter to change the concave/convex relationship by simply changing the incident angle of impinging winds. There is also a lambda foot structure at the very bottom tip of the “Y” in both cases. These little details are proof of shock wave formation.
See the damn pattern. These images are scientific proof – a direct link between repeatable empirical tests and nature. This is far more evidence than anything geologists have presented for any of their “tectonic” theories. Any. Ever. Their theories are built on the big ideas of arrogant, goateed, bow-tied phonies without a shred of empirical evidence. Their “evidence” it’s conveniently shrouded in the depths of time – millions and billions of years of imperceptible, sand grain-by-sand grain movement which they are still working to explain how CO2 made happen. Who are we to question them? Actually there is no need to question them – just stop listening to them, and for Christ’s sake, stop giving them money.
Bubbles in the Wind
The shock feature exhibited in the road cut is only a small part in the full picture of a supersonic wind-generated shock wave. It’s best to think of shock waves as the membrane of a bubble. On one side of the membrane is a gas of higher pressure than on the other. The entire bubble structure is very complex, however, with regions of expansion and compression, recirculation, laminar flow and turbulence in a supersonic wind that is passing through the bubble. In a dusty plasma it gets even more complex, with electric fields, sheets of current and step voltages across the membranes, which is no longer the physics of fluid dynamics, but of magneto-hydrodynamics.
The following image shows where I think the road cut feature came from. This part of the shock wave structure dips into the separation bubble, which is the turbulent region at the base of the bubble. The separation bubble is where dust collects, which ultimately buried the tip of the shock wave. This shock wave is not the primary incident wave, but a harmonic reflection of it that does not always form, depending on conditions.
Note the fine vertical lines to the right of the primary shock wave in the image. These are step-wise gradations of pressure in the airflow throughout the shock wave structure. In a plasma these gradations are also steps in potential. These vertical gradations can be seen in rocks, criss-crossing the diagonal shock waves produced by the Mach angle.
Sometimes dust can fill the entire “lambda foot structure” where the incident and reflected shock meet at a triple point. In which case you get mountains like this.
To be clear, some mountains are formed inside the separation bubble, or “separated flow zone” in the image, and some mountains fill the entire “Lambda shock structure”. The Lambda foot manifests at the base of every shock reflection, so it is a repeating fractal element of the shock wave and appears at different scales. The stratigraphy in the separation bubble “dips” (meaning angled with respect to horizontal) consistent with the wind’s vector inside the shock bubble, because that is how the wind layers its dust load. Mountains that fill the entire Lambda structure may have stratigraphy that dips at a shallower angle than the dip of Mach angle displayed by its flat triangular face, because the wind was vectored upward and dust fell, filling the lambda foot from the bottom.
Although this should not be taken as a hard and fast rule, because there are always variables; generally speaking of wind generated mountains, it can be said that is why shallow dipping hills, foothills and mountains have layered stratigraphy that dips with the contour of the mountain, while large triangular peaks are more like layered bricks – not necessarily horizontal, but a relatively shallow angle at odds with it’s outline.
Mt. Everest is a good example of a big lambda foot mountain. In fact, at 29,029 feet, I’m pretty confident it’s the biggest, baddest lambda foot ever. Follow it’s stratigraphy, such as its famous “yellow band” and you can see the dip in relation to the facets of it’s outline.
That’s how mountains are formed. The evidence is everywhere, and looking at cracks yields, well, mountains of information about their genesis. The interface between stratigraphic layers are cracks by my definition, in case you think I’m loosing the thread; talking about the shape of mountains instead of cracks. Cracks are the remnant signature of shock waves and electric currents produced in the storm that built the mountain, just as the outline of a mountain is. The contour of the mountain, the cracks in it and the dip of it’s sediments are all related to shock waves. The angles in their layers and contours is pure information about their creation, because information is always a waveform, and the mountains store the waveform.
Electricity in a shock wave is especially shocking
The shock wave, and shock wave reflections, form an electric field across the walls of the wave in the manner of a capacitor. A double layer forms on the interfaces with a dielectric field between. The charged layers can be the same or opposite polarity to the charge of the dust being deposited, leaving ether a void, or hardened rock. A hardened seam will have more conductive material, like the quartz in rock veins, than the surrounding country rock-matrix.
Mineral bearing veins, for instance, bear conductive minerals like gold, silver and copper because these conductive materials were attracted by the electric field of the shock wave either as a vapor from the atmosphere, or by diffusion through the ground (or by transmutation, but that is over my head. I don’t have my alchemy license yet.). Diffusion through the ground is how consensus theory works, with the attractor being hydrothermal venting. Why hydrothermal venting should attract metals from far and wide isn’t clear. An electric field does that though, without question, so our theory is already better if Occam’s razor means anything.
The quartz veins in the images of granite were created by an emergent effect of shock waves, called traveling waves. Note there are four wide quartz veins (see large image) in two pairs that parallel each other diagonally across this granite face. Traveling waves are semi-stable reflected waves that migrate through a shock wave structure due to instabilities in the bubble. The even vertical lines that appear in Figure 10 are examples in a steady wind. But shock wave bubbles can wobble just like soap bubbles, producing instabilities as wind speed and direction varies. They move in harmony to the shock wave frequency in repeating patterns. That is why there is a pair-of-a-pair of similarly structured, yet highly complex repeating forms in these rock veins.
The next image shows clastic dikes in Washington State. These dikes are vertical-to-diagonal intrusions in a sedimentary hill exposed by road cut. Each dike is layered, vertically, with different fineness of sediment graded from silt to gravel, in each separate layer. The sediments inside the dikes are completely different material than the hill they intrude in. It’s as if each vertical layer of the dike sucked a different dust down into it from somewhere other than the mountain it’s in.
And that is exactly right. Each layer in this dike was a separate funnel of air pulling dust down from different regions of the shock wave bubble, where different grades and types of rock were flowing in segregated jet stream winds. The “funnels” were traveling waves that deposited these dikes in little, downward pointing pressure regime spikes, while the separation bubble filled around them.
It’s hard to think on this scale. The cracks, dikes and veins just shown were produced in the very bottom of a shock wave structure like the one shown in this image. They formed in the turbulent back-end of the separation bubble, a result of friction where the wind literally scraped the ground. Mountains like Everest, the Matterhorn and thousands of lesser peaks were formed by dust filling the entire lambda foot structure, forged by winds and electric potentials that are nearly incomprehensible.
Supersonic winds had to wrap the entire planet. Earth looked like Jupiter, only a lot worse. The fastest winds rolled up and down, and swept against the ground because they were driven by electric currents coupled to the Earth’s. Higher winds moved slower, circulating positive charge in a halo over the concomitant destruction and creation below. Hence the Ouroboros. It did circle the Earth, winding and coiling like a serpent eating it’s tail.
It’s all circuitry. Every feature points to the actions upstream in the current path. That is why the true creation story is knowable. The patterns remain that tell the story. Frequencies, harmonies, wavelengths and wave-guides. Shock waves are wave-guides. Everything is electric. Everyone needs to know this, the sooner the better.
Can it be done? Lot’s of people say no. They say Nature is too vast for us feeble humans to influence, too complex to ever understand. This is hogwash, of course. All it takes is energy. Enough energy introduced in the right way will change the climate.
CO2 doesn’t do that, by the way. CO2 theoretically captures a minor fraction more energy from the Sun than Earth would otherwise reflect, but it doesn’t amount to a hill of beans. Let’s talk about what really drives weather, and how to manipulate it. In order to do that, we have to look at the planet for what it fundamentally is.
The “planet” is more than the blue marble we stand on. Earth is an electromagnetic bubble with a blue marble held inside. At the very edge of our bubble is another tiny little bubble called the Moon.
Fundamentally, Earth is an electric circuit that matter is bound to in a geometry of spherical layers. The outermost layers are the electromagnetic fields that extend far into space surrounding the planet. The innermost layer is at the core. Earth’s crust is one layer in the stack.
Electrically, that makes Earth a spherical capacitor that stores energy, primarily in it’s crustal shell and atmosphere. It absorbs radiant energy from the sun, and emf that enters at the poles by induction along geomagnetic field lines. Consensus science only recognizes the radiant energy. They pretend the auroras aren’t a consequence of significant polar energy flow into the planet, however obvious that may be.
The consensus measures “cosmic rays” at the poles, but that is only part of the physics. There is magnetic induction within Earth’s layers generated by the polar currents. These aren’t being measured, or even recognized by consensus science. It’s these currents that are the primary drivers of weather in the atmosphere of the blue marble.
They are much more than that, of course. The fact of Earth’s crustal currents has been recognized since prehistory. For instance, crustal current patterns relate to “Ley lines”, also considered by some to be the geometry of Earth’s ‘subtle electromagnetic energies’. They ain’t that subtle, and the relation to Earth’s subsurface electric currents is profound, but we can’t boil the whole ocean in one article, so let’s stick to controlling weather. I want to be as quick and blunt as a solar flare, because something tells me this might be pertinent right now.
The planet’s circuit configuration is that of a plasmoid. A plasmoid’s geometry is a hyperboloid wrapped by a toroid. From the standpoint of thermodynamics, it is a standing wave of energy. When energy stands still, it becomes dielectric; that is, matter with mass.
Solar and cosmic energy feed the system (Energy In), while high energy discharge from thunderstorms dissipates it (Energy Out) and the crustal layers of the planet are the buffer (Energy Stored). Electrically, the planet acts as an electret, with an internal electric field and circuitry wrapped in it’s own magnetic cocoon, floating in the electric field of the Sun. The Solar field feeds and sustains the Earth’s internal field. A plasmoid’s internal field dies without an external electric field to sustain it.
The outer shells seen in the figure above relate to Earth’s geomagnetic field and Van Allen belts. The blue marble is buried in the core of this entity, formed of layers of matter crunched into a sphere with electric currents coursing through it. It’s like a drop of condensate in a whirling, electric ‘vapor’ cloud.
The surface of the Earth, as on other planets is the neutral boundary layer. It’s almost the only place in the Universe where matter is considered “normal” – gas, water, or solid. Everywhere else there is plasma, the so-called fourth state of matter. If science were truly scientific, plasma should be called the first state of matter, and neutral matter a “special condition”.
The atmosphere around Earth also divides into layers – the tropical air layer, the high thin stratosphere and the ionosphere. There is a step voltage and change in plasma strength at each layer interface. There is also thermodynamic change. There is mechanical shearing at the boundaries, changes in momentum, temperature and pressure. All of these macro effects are due to electrical effects at the atomic level.
This creates a local electric field within each layer, which accumulates additive to an overall electric field across the atmosphere. Electrically speaking, this layering is called spherical capacitance. The degree of ionization, or “strength” of the plasma, increases with altitude until it accumulates to a fully charged sheath. And then there is space.
The same thing – layering, charge separation, step voltage, electric fields, changes in state – occur inside the Earth. The layers of hard crust, spongy athenosphere, outer core and inner core (assuming the conventional model) are the layers of the blue marble. The actions of capacitance and induced currents differ inside Earth in that they involve solid state circuitry in a complex, non-homogeneous matrix, but they still obey basic circuit behaviors.
But the structure of the bubble isn’t finished with the blue marble and it’s atmosphere. It is self contained in currents of magnetic induction along the geomagnetic field that loops far into “Space” (Space with a capital “S” is where astronauts hang), making this also part of Earth’s “space” (small “s”, meaning it’s volume).
When the planetary bubble is exposed to a change in it’s environment, meaning the Solar environment, it has a feedback response. If the potential between the Solar environment and the planetary bubble increases, as in Solar Maximums, more energy is forced into the bubble by induction and it stores some of this energy in it’s capacitor shells.
If the potential decreases, as in a Solar Minimum, the bubble releases stored energy from it’s capacitor shells. Whether it is releasing energy, or storing energy, the change in state of the planet’s energy system induces current flow in the crust and atmosphere. Hence, it causes bad weather, volcanoes and earthquakes.
What stimulates the actions of severe weather, volcanism and earthquakes are the crustal currents – electric currents that flow within Earth’s crust. There are other currents in the system – the currents at the poles, currents inside the crust and currents outside the crust extending into space. But it is the crustal currents that directly affect the weather. Therefore, control of the weather can be achieved by influencing crustal currents.
Crustal currents flow where the plate boundaries are. They form rows of volcanoes, coastal boundaries and fault lines in Earth’s crust. In other words, they are easy to find if you just look. They are the result of induction from polar, Berkeland currents and charge accumulation at the continental plate-fringing fields due to capacitance.
It’s the fringing effect at the edge of a capacitor plate that accumulates charge, and the Earth’s magnetic field that moves it, generating currents. A change in the system state caused by a change in input energy from the Sun generates a change in the charge accumulated by the capacitor plates, and therefore a change in the crustal currents. To artificially affect the weather, all one needs to do is introduce some extra energy into the system where it amps-up the crustal currents.
It wouldn’t take much energy, either. Just the right amount of energy, probably in the microwave frequency, so it is easily absorbed by water that saturates the crust. It just needs to be delivered at the right frequency and amplitude to resonate with the circuit’s natural frequency and amplify the signal. Volcanoes, earthquakes and severe weather should result.
Here’s why. Capacitance couples the action of the crustal currents to the atmosphere. If a crustal current amps-up, storms will brew overhead, or at some node on the system where charge accumulates. It is just capacitance and induction. A moving charge (current) in the ground will induce a current in the atmosphere. A charge accumulation in the ground will be mirrored by a charge accumulation on the opposite plate – the atmosphere – by capacitance.
The consensus will claim there is no such coupling, but that is physically impossible because there is a known electric field at all times between Earth and sky, and a continuous drift current. So it physically has to respond to the laws of induction and capacitance. The consensus is either lying, or stupid.
It’s the same thing that a solar flare does to Earth’s atmosphere because it amps-up the ground currents. If some diabolical scientists wanted to effect severe weather, they would wait for a natural solar storm to activate the crustal currents, and then push those currents at resonant frequency to amplify them. Nicolai Tesla figured this out many years ago.
The goal is to introduce a signal-to-noise ratio greater than 1, which forces runaway feedback. It is the same thing as when you place a microphone near a speaker and feedback squeal drowns out the intended signal. By waiting for a solar storm to introduce a major spike in the noise, all the diabolical one needs to do is add a little push to the solar impulse to get the system out of balance and generate exceptional weather conditions.
I would guess a few thousand, or perhaps only hundreds of MW generated by secret nuclear plants, pulsed into the ground at strategic locations at the right frequency, would produce severe tropical weather in parts of the world, and heat waves and drought in others. Nuclear submarines might be used for this. Volcanoes would spew along the affected circuits accompanied by earthquakes, fires and probably an increase in UFO sightings because of strange lights in the sky.
As we dip into the Solar Minimum, the Earth is experiencing amped-up ground currents. There has been a dramatic increase in volcanic eruption, drought, severe weather, earthquake and fire in the last couple of years as a result. But could it be getting a little help from DARPA, or some other malevolence? It’s not like the Deep State has an agenda, is it? They wouldn’t screw with the weather without telling us … would they?
Ears ring, windows rattle, the dog hides under the bed. You’ve heard it before. Thunder from an arc of electric discharge, or from a passing, supersonic jet.
One doesn’t hear jets much anymore, but in the good old days I used to, when F-100 afterburners lit over the desert. Booms from twenty miles away.
When you rub feet on the carpet and touch a doorknob, you get a spark and hear a snap. That’s the same thing on a tiny scale. Think about the power it takes to make a boom that travels miles with the energy to rattle windows.
If you’re really close, in the mountains on some high, windswept ridge, lightning is terrifying. Lightning’s shock wave will blow trees and rocks apart like dynamite. On rocky peaks, especially granite boulders, you can find the scars. If you know what you’re looking for they’re easy to spot, but if not, a magnetometer betrays their signature. Where I live, I find rocks the size of buildings split apart, chunks the size of houses tossed away. It’s quite obvious past lightning was more powerful than we see today.
It’s the explosive blast – the Arc Blast – a sonic wave that blasts outward in all directions at the speed of sound like a wall of heavy air. It doesn’t move the air with it, but rolls through it just the way an ocean swell rolls through water. It compresses and decompresses the air it moves through, instantly raising it’s temperature and pressure, then dropping it in the next instant.
There is another effect in the shock wave, called ionization. It’s the inevitable result of higher temperature and pressure, because, to put it in conventional terms, it means more atoms colliding, knocking electrons free.
It’s really more than that, though. A shock wave generates current. The condensate in a cloud is an electric conductor. The dipolar molecule of water aligns with electric fields. Dipoles attract and drops form. Charge moves when this happens, meaning current. Current in a cloud is called “bound” current.
If you don’t believe me, question this: why do governments use electricity to modify weather? And how could they unless there is something in the cloud to carry current?
In other words, a shock wave is a plasma. It may be a weak plasma, like the sonic wave produced by a fighter jet that condenses water vapor, or it may be a sheet of electric current that spits lightning of its own, like the shock wave of a hydrogen bomb.
If you are fortunate enough to see a rocket launch, or re-entry you may witness shock waves that are sufficiently ionized to glow in the upper atmosphere. For perspective, realize there are no shining ions traveling with the shock wave bubble. The bubble is moving through the air, ionizing and exciting atoms as it goes, generating a current in the shock wave. Shock waves are electric. The sight of glowing shock waves in the black of space is surreal. It gives you an idea of what the ancients saw in the sky.
Meteors also generate shock waves. The Chelyabinsk event produced a shock wave that injured many people. The Tunguska blast reportedly knocked people off their feet several miles away.
Now imagine a world in chaos, where winds shrieked at supersonic speeds. One need not ascribe to Velikovsky to imagine such a thing, because every mainstream theory of impact and accretion, or whatever is in favor today, would necessitate periods of chaotic atmosphere. Supersonic winds would have happened at times regardless of what science-based creation theory you ascribe to. Any big meteor impact would do it. Even the creationist’s seven days must have entailed some wind.
Besides that, we have planets in our Solar System with supersonic winds right now: Jupiter is one. To assume supersonic winds and shock waves occurred, and should therefore have left their mark on Earth, is perfectly sound logic in any cosmology.
Yet you don’t hear shock waves mentioned much by geologists. They make theories and wave their hands about tectonic forces without finding what does the pushing, but they don’t say much about sonic shock waves. They use sonic waves as a tool, and they recognize micro fractures in quartz, and shock cones in rocks due to meteor impacts, but virtually nothing about the winds that would result, or the effect of sonic shock waves.
Previous articles have shown that shock waves produced by supersonic winds left tetrahedral shaped mountains with flat, triangular-faced mountain flanks. The evidence shows that Earth was embroiled, at times, in a maelstrom of winds that actually shaped the surface of the planet. The primary mechanism for the triangles you see so ubiquitously is a region of the shock wave called the Separation Bubble.
When a supersonic wind shears across a surface and meets an obstruction, it lifts to ride over the obstruction like a wing, because a high pressure zone forms in front of the obstruction. This high pressure zone is called the separation bubble, because it separates the supersonic flow from the ground, forcing it to change direction. Wind flow in the following diagrams is left to right, unless noted otherwise.
It’s called a bubble because, in ideal conditions it forms an actual tetrahedron shaped bubble of high pressure, low velocity air surrounded by low pressure, high velocity air. The bubble walls, or “membrane” is made of shearing and reflected shock waves. They are a predictable, inevitable, measurable boundary layer effect caused by the drag of supersonic wind over a surface.
If you read my past articles on the subject, you’ll note I called the separation bubble a low pressure, low velocity zone. That was a mistake. So this is meant to correct the record and give some more detail on them, because they are the most tangible, accessible, reproducible and compelling evidence for Velikovsky’s theories in existence.
I don’t say that lightly, but it’s absolutely true. Shock wave tetrahedrons are more abundant than rock art that can be compared to plasma instabilities. Comparisons of petroglyphs to simulated instabilities are simply shrugged off as pareidolia, anyway. They also don’t depend on interpretation of tiny points of light from a zillion miles away, or guessing about the nuclear processes inside stars, or atoms. They don’t depend on reinterpreting mythology, equations, or the validity of anyone’s physics. Shock waves are well known by classical physics and applied science. Shock wave tetrahedrons cover our planet.
In fact, some aspects of plasma instabilities and astronomical “Z-pinch” nebula are due to shock waves. Some petroglyph’s depict atmospheric shock waves, too. Sonic shock is essential science in the Electric Universe, and I’m confident Hannes Alfven would agree. In a plasma, shock waves and currents are coherent.
Shock waves generated during past cosmic upheaval on Earth interacted with solid ground and whatever matter they touched. They echoed from solid surfaces and shear zones. They vibrated and wobbled and crawled across the earth making piles of debris we call mountains. They interacted in patterns of constructive and destructive interference and resonated in harmonic frequencies. They left those patterns in the mountains for us to see. Shock waves are, after all, plasma sound waves. They are tangible, falsifiable and accessible. They can be reproduced.
I’ve been noodling how to make a solid tetrahedron in a wind tunnel. The problem is getting adherence. If dry powders, or sands are used, they won’t stick. If wet anything is used it will make a mess. Nature doesn’t care about messes, and splatters stuff everywhere. But a wind tunnel is an expensive piece of equipment that doesn’t stand well to supersonic sandblasting.
A magnetic dust and magnet won’t work to adhere a tetrahedron, because the dust would take the shape of the magnet. I can’t get an ionized supersonic wind generator without a Chinese Electric Turbine, and so far the Chinese aren’t answering my calls. Neither is NASA. Funny, it’s the same phone number.
I think, maybe a big drop of glue, or epoxy could be used as the obstruction in a wind tunnel if it were performed while tacky. It should mold to the shock wave separation bubble without flying away. Anyway, it’s not an easy problem.
But wait, Nature provides proof. We don’t need a wind tunnel, the atmosphere itself is our laboratory. Iron meteors enter Earth’s atmosphere at supersonic speeds. Friction with the atmosphere melts and ablates the iron. Ablation patterns provide the proof of shock-wave tetrahedrons.
Proof is in the Pudding
Figure 10, and several to follow, have molded iron shock tetrahedrons at the tips of flow patterns made by separation bubbles. This is tangible proof, made in conditions similar to theory. This piece of data is a start to prove science as we know it is mostly wrong. Well, okay, hugely wrong. Massively wrong. These meteorites should be prima facie evidence of Electric Earth Theory.
This is a meteor of iron with an ablated face caused by it’s supersonic entry into the atmosphere. Heat, pressure and supersonic shock waves molded this face. The supersonic wind, impacting the meteor head-on, segregated into bubble-like pressure regimes. Low pressure zones where wind velocity was greatest created scoops and divots. High pressure zones segregated these air flows, leaving sharp dividing ridges, and triangular separation bubbles where the air-flow separated from the meteor.
The smooth divots are impressions of flow streams, and the triangles appear at their tips. The change in direction as air-flow separated from the object created separation bubbles, which molded the fluid iron. Molten iron was pushed from the divot like pudding, and held in the high pressure separation bubble, molding it to the form of the bubble. Look closely and you will find where some tips broke-off.
The entire divot is, in effect, the separation bubble. It is literally bubbles, formed with skin effect from shock waves that hold tension like a bubble’s film. It creates “Y” shaped structures around a “triple point” where shock waves and bubbles meet, sometimes called the “Lambda Structure”.
In the case of mountain building, winds laden with dust passed into the bubble, and were heated, compressed and slowed to a stop passing through the shock wave. The ground was statically charged and adhered the dust, mud, sand, stuff falling from outer space, or whatever the wind carried. Hence the dust piled in the shape of the bubble – a tetrahedron.
Take a look at the similarity in these tetrahedrons formed by a hot blast of air in South America to the ones along the edge of the meteorite.
Really, it can’t be more obvious. In Figure 14, it’s visually apparent how a non-rotating, down-burst wind layered the dust in a consistent pattern of tetrahedrons formed by separation bubbles where the wind impacted and deflected from the land. This was made by a blow-torch aimed at the ground – the hot exhaust of a meso-cyclone that churned in a plasma storm of Jovian proportions.
The side of the tetrahedron facing the wind will be a perfect isosceles triangle if the wind strikes normal to the object. If the wind hits obliquely, is interfered with by adjacent shock waves, is sub-sonic, or transient in it’s velocity, or if the dust load deposited doesn’t fill the entire separation bubble, it will deform the tetrahedron.
You are not suffering from pareidolia. A triangle is a triangle, and that is what you are seeing. We could be scientific and take measurements to prove these are triangles, but I think we can use common sense. Here are more examples of tetrahedrons formed on iron meteorites.
The size of the separation bubble depends on the size of the object, because that determines the area of wind moving past the object and therefore the size of the shock wave. So, the bigger the meteor, the bigger the tetrahedrons.
The constituency of the rock also effects the roughness of the surface, whether it is chunky, or smooth, as they say. Regardless of many variables, the triangular face of separation bubbles are distinct and appear exactly where they should if one traces the wind patterns. Jeez, somebody out there must have noticed this before. I’ll bet there is some obscure, mustachioed PhD at the Upper-Siberian Institute of Aerodynamic Widgets who knows all about this. Please call me.
In a completely different circumstance, lightning generated shock waves also produce tetrahedrons. The next four figures are photos of an iron bearing rock that has been struck by lightning, partly melted and vitrified, with raised triangular layers where fluid metal was trapped by separation bubbles.
The lightning left a yellowed, chemically altered trail where it surface-conducted to a shoe-shaped pool where the rock melted. The arc likely met some discontinuity, or crack in the rock where it burrowed in, creating a hot spot. Cutting beneath the skin of the rock created an arc-flash that trapped triangular sheets of molten rock in the separation bubbles, pointed outward from the center of the blast, shown in the following images.
The final image shows a track of very small triangles marching out of the molten puddle. The amplitude of the triangle is related to the cross section of wind that created it. What this little trail of arrowheads means is that a very narrow supersonic jet stream blasted this channel in the rock, and you can see exactly the path it took.
Can you find any other tetrahedrons surrounding the track outlined? They are aimed perpendicular to the narrow track and larger amplitude. I counted six good sized ones, but there are a bunch of small ones, too. The arc channeled a narrow, focused jet, while at the same time, shock waves blasted outward in a diffuse wave that produced larger amplitudes. There is also a second lightning track from the bottom right corner. There are shock patterns that correlate with the blast from each lightning track.
For global scale winds, separation bubbles became quite large. Figure 17 gives you some idea of scale. The separation bubble that creates a mountain is just the very foot of a shock wave structure much more complex than a simple tetrahedron. There are flow paths in, around and behind the separation bubble that all leave their mark on the ground.
If the wind keeps blowing dust at supersonic speed, the tetrahedron formed in the separation bubble blocks the air, forming a new obstruction to the wind, and a new separation bubble forms in front of it, trapping more dust that layers in the triangular shape of its windward face. This blankets the tetrahedron face with layer after layer of deposit with each pulse of the wind. Each pulse of the wind may carry different constituents of dust and charge, so each layer deposited has it’s own characteristic chemistry.
It is exactly the same way wind makes sand dunes, except supersonic shock waves are rigid and straight and make sharp angles instead of soft curves. Sand dunes are formed in the high pressure, low speed zones beneath an undulating wind, and the troughs are low pressure, high speed zones. The high speed winds carry the sand to the low speed zones. That is why they appear in waves. Static electricity plays a role in sand dunes, too, lofting and adhering the sand, and so it does with shock waves.
Each layer’s chemistry reacted with adjacent layers. The matter laid down still swam with free charge. Migrations and recombination focused at the layer interfaces, still hissing and vibrating with shock wave echoes, where dissimilar matter made reactions, drawing ions from surroundings. Charge built an electric field across these interfaces, in the way a capacitor makes an electric field. Seams became hardened and mineralized, and sometimes evacuated by gases evolved from reactions that channeled caverns as they expanded.
The electric field, transverse to the seam, is why most quartz veins grow transverse across rock seams. They are the electrical expressions left by shock waves and electric fields. The consensus theory of hydrolyzed silica migrating into rock seams by hydrothermal action isn’t entirely wrong, but it misses the role of electricity and how it would accelerate the pace of crystal formation. It also misses the role electricity plays in the migration of conductive metals into quartz veins and a number of other things.
Shock waves took different polarities. They generated lightning. They connected ground to cloud in a sheet of plasma current. They ionized air, water vapor and dust. They melted metals. They vibrated and electrified the ground. They segregated airborne matter by electrostatic filtration. They compressed matter in geometric shapes and charged it with current to fuse it together. They formed plasma networks of active circuitry. They patterned the wind in diamonds that glowed, with sparks shooting through. They turned biological beings to jelly.
Shock waves are a pathway for discharge, a current generator and a capacitor across the walls of shock “membranes”. They are a big piece of Earth’s circuitry and a principle action of Nature. They are the most obvious, prolific and easily defined proof that Earth was formed, and still performs as an electrical body.
And one of the most beautiful. After all, they produced these:
We’ve been looking at the triangular face of the tetrahedron. The focus will turn to the rear end, and the crack between bubbles, in the next article (tentatively titled Butte Crack).
Special thanks to Stefan Ahmala, who took the photos of the rocks in Finland. Stefan discovered Thunderbolts recently, and like most of us, arrived here because he knew the rest of the world is crazy. Stefan is very enthusiastic, and immediately recognized these rocks for what they are and contacted us. Wouldn’t you know I was writing an article on tetrahedrons when his photos arrived. Well, that is how things resonate in the Electric Universe, isn’t it? We are all of the same aether. It is what is. We can either resonate in harmony, or make destructive interference. That’s our free will.
In the final chapter of the Eye of the Storm series I presented Easter eggs – surprise geologic findings that confirmed a theory, or presented astonishing new information about Earth’s electric circuitry. Exploring the Electric Earth is a perpetual egg hunt, because every rock confirms the Bunny is REAL.
Electrical discharges follow patterns and behaviors that yield definitive information about cause and effect. Discharge patterns on the landscape indelibly record discharge events, like a holographic data bank.
Chapters 8 and 9 of Eye of the Storm discussed surface conductive discharges across Earth’s surface that formed the Colorado River and it’s tributaries. The trace of a surface conductive discharge is particularly rich in information, because, unlike a lightning bolt that momentarily sticks on the Earth, a surface discharge has to crawl across the surface, meeting significant impedance, seeking out conductive pathways, expending vast energies transporting matter, while explosively faulting and excavating. It takes time, it’s not energy efficient and it leaves its mark.
A stunning display of a particular type of surface conductive discharge can be found in the Laramie Mountains in Wyoming (Figure 1). Embedded in these mountains are gorges and ridge-lines that literally form a phase diagram of what took place. It couldn’t be more explicit than if God had left his blueprint on the drafting table for all to see. This fifteen mile cross is from a discharge between two out-of-phase circuits.
First, however, let’s consider the geometry of a surface conductive discharge. Each discharge branches out in fractal, self similar dendrites, to absorb all the surface charge on the conductive object it’s attached to (Figure 2a) – in our case it’s the Earth. This is diffusion limited aggregation. Each filament of a discharge soaks up charge from a particular domain. The domain is a region surrounding the spark defined by it’s electromagnetic field, from which it sucks charge of one polarity and spits charge of the other polarity in reactive power surges. It does this because it’s not insulated current like we use in electrical systems.
Filament domains cover every square inch of solid land on the planet. We call them watersheds, because they serve to collect rain waters into river channels, but that’s a consequence, not a cause. The Earth once crawled with electrical discharges. This should be self evident in any theory of planetary formation. In consensus theories, planet and comet collisions would necessitate big sparks. In Electric Universe theory, sparks are already acknowledged. Why consensus science doesn’t look for evidence of electrical discharge is evidence they don’t ask the right questions.
What is interesting – the big Easter Egg I’m getting to – is that domains cross and the filaments interact. Giant sparks result. The interaction we’ll investigate created a landscape that can only be explained electrically. The statistical probability of consensus theories doing it is nigh impossible.
Domains don’t usually cross, because skin effects occur between domains that keep them segregated as if by a membrane (Figure 2b). But they can cross and interact if domains are out of balance. An over-voltage in one could make it aggressive and overcome another. Depending on phase disparities, this can be a gentle hand holding connection, or it can be an explosive punch. We will look at one of the explosive kinds.
The Laramie Range – Shot Through The Heart
The annotated image in Figure 3 shows the area of interest, circled in violet, including the Laramie Mountains surrounded by green and red circles. The Laramie’s are part of the Continental Divide as it cuts through south-eastern Wyoming. The circles denote the major streams flowing from the mountains. Green are streams flowing to the North Platte, and thence to the Missouri and ultimately the Mississippi Valley and the Gulf of Mexico. Red are streams that flow to a sink in the basin west of the mountain range. The sink forms the Seminoe and Pathfinder Reservoirs, also circled in red west of the mountains, and the North Platte River forms the Glendo Reservoir on the opposite side, circled in green.
The high basin drains around the mountains in two flows (yellow connections). North Platte runs near Casper Wyoming around the north of the mountains, and the Laramie flows from Medicine Bow to Fort Laramie through a pass to the south of the range. The overall structure is shaped like a heart, with the mountains filling the upper half, the basin filling the lower and the rivers acting as arteries and veins.
“X” Marks the Spot
The distinctive yellow “X” in the center of the range in Figure 3, is a discharge pattern that occurred when the North Platte filament of the Mississippi discharge met a separate domain with a different phase. What you see is literally a natural phase diagram that records the phase angles of the discharge. The discharge took place because the Missouri circuit was an AC current that made connection to a ground current in the basin, and sparks shot between the circuits where their domains came together. The Laramie Mountains formed as a consequence.
The discharge adopted an “X” pattern where it made connection, with east-west branches vectored along the electric field denoted by the dotted red and green lines in Figure 3. The electric field is the dipolar alignment between the lakes. The lakes, or the depressions where these lakes are, were created in the same discharge event that met at the crux of the “X” and sent reactive discharges rotated at 90 degrees to the originating spark between the circuit domains. The discharge is much like the “resonant frequency discharges”, discussed in Chapter 8 and 9 of Eye of the Storm, which created the major 180 degree (or nearly so) branches of the Colorado (Figures 4).
The geometry is different, an “X” instead of a “T”, but that is because the “X” is a resonant discharge between two existing circuit domains, whereas the “T” is a result of a single circuit bifurcating.
The bifurcating discharge meets critical resistance due to a build-up of stray capacitance that resonates the circuit, increasing frequency and therefore resistance until the current is stopped, causing it to explode in reactive discharges 90 degrees to either side of the original current, as shown in Figures 4.
The “X” is produced by two out-of-phase circuit domains coming together. The Missouri circuit is an alternating current, whereas the basin circuit is a direct current-to-ground. The two circuits go in and out of phase with each other as the AC current alternates. This makes a connection, then a discharge. The discharge is totally in the reactive power mode, because the out-of-phase circuits are 180 degrees out-of-phase and that has the same effect as resonant discharge, raising resistance to infinity and forcing the current out sideways at 90 degrees.
The first case is like putting a finger over the nozzle of a hose and forcing water to spray out sideways, 90 degrees to the direction of the nozzle. The second case is like having two hoses aimed at each other, and where the streams impact, flow sprays out sideways. In one, the blocked water pressure changes flow direction and makes a “T”, and the other, two flows impact and the pressure changes flow direction to make an “X”.
The reactive discharge dissolves the voltage differential between circuits by expending their charge – the entire accumulated charge in the Missouri circuit, in this case – in an explosive “X” shaped spark.
It created what astrophysicists call “magnetic re-connection”. Astrophysicists don’t recognize electric circuitry in space because, in dark mode, current doesn’t emit radiation they can detect. Since they can’t see it, their reductionist minds can’t make the intuitive leap to circuitry, but they do detect the magnetic flux that results. They invented the term “magnetic reconnection” in lieu of an explanation, because they can’t fathom the simplicity of two out-of-phase circuits coming together to make a spark.
Figure 5 is a .gif of “magnetic re-connection”. The moving lines are magnetic field lines – the things astrophysicists think are re-connecting – but they are actually the magnetic field lines generated by current flow oriented along the dotted lines. Their model only recognizes magnetism, so the dotted lines are just separators of the magnetic field in their .gif. The big yellow arrows pointed inwards and outwards in different quadrants of the “X” are the vectors of electric current induced by the changing magnetic field.
In the Laramie’s, induced currents were expressed in the atmosphere by plasma winds. Plasma winds drew to the crux of the discharge at ground level in the top and bottom quadrants, and blew outwards at high level like an anvil cloud in the right-left quadrants. The winds lifted in a vertical updraft over the center of the “X”. But even more astounding is the effect that magnetic fields and reactive currents had shaping the entire basin and range structure. The landscape is a 3-D photograph of what happened.
To appreciate what took place, the three dimensional nature of the circuit domains needs to be recognized. Charge diffused across the ground, as well as through the ground and into the sky. Capacitance between the Earth and sky forced mirroring currents in the atmosphere, stirring a violent storm system. Think of it as a local squall line of thunderstorms raging over the mountains at the time they were formed and while the ground discharge took place. The central updraft over the “X” formed a huge mesocyclone, flanked by smaller thunderheads to either side. Most of the energy of the discharge went straight up, into the meso-cyclone, pulsing it with energy. The wind paths to be described are ground level winds, shaped by the electromagnetic field at the planet’s surface.
The combined effect of the discharge at ground level, it’s magnetic field and the resultant plasma winds are shown in Figure 6. The discharge makes the “X” pattern, shown in red. The magnetic field lines (blue) are as shown as in Figure 5 in the pattern of “magnetic reconnection”. The wind vectors are shown in yellow.
Figure 7 shows how these winds patterned around the “X”. The winds in the NE and SE quadrants flow parallel. In the NE, they cross magnetic field lines perpendicularly, flowing straight to the crux of the discharge. These winds were narrow jet streams that cut valleys as shown in Figure 8.
Jet stream winds leave valleys like shown in Figure 8, with broad rounded, or “V’ cut bottoms carpeted with silt, but no inner gorge. They may have superficial, meandering stream erosion, but not a deep, straight, inner gorge. We’ll examine more wind cut valleys later, but first let’s distinguish between wind cut valleys and the discharge blasted canyons that form the “X”.
The path of a discharge leaves canyons rough cut, with a deep inner gorge like shown in Figure 9. This is the Platte River, or north-eastern arm of the “X”.
The sides of the discharge canyon indicate arc blast which exposed granite tetrahedrons. On one side the tips of tetrahedrons (leeward side) jut out, exposed and broken (Figure 10b), whereas the other side shows the flat faces of windward tetrahedrons (Figure 10a). This indicates the mountains were laid down by a cross-wind before the discharge occurred and blasted this canyon. So, the mountains resulted from an evolving storm system that changed it’s winds, surely due to this big spark. Note the cross-hatch patterns of shock diamonds in the canyon flanks.
Figure 11 shows NE quadrant wind-cut valleys between north and east arms of the “X” discharge. Note the many transverse striations of cuts and gorges and how they change orientation between arms of the discharge. Striations come from deposition layers shaped by shock waves transverse to winds, and secondary discharge filaments between circuit paths.
Winds drew into a central vortex at the crux of the discharge, drawing dust into a pile to form the mountain. Therefore each quadrant of the discharge displays shock waves oriented by the wind in that quadrant.
Secondary discharges are from short circuiting sparks between current paths, like sparks between live, bare wires that are too close together. There is one secondary discharge visible that makes it’s own “X” pattern, center right in the image. This is a mini discharge between the AC current in the big “X” and the static build-up of charge in the wind cut lane due to the plasma jet stream. It’s essentially an AC to DC connection that makes a perfect 90 degree reaction just like the big “X”. It’s even in the same orientation – repeating, self similar forms.
Many readers will recall Michael Steinbacher. He theorized landscapes formed by electric winds that prevented deposition of dust raining from the sky. What I’m showing you is exactly what he was talking about.
Wind cut channels are sometimes narrow, straight and deep like the capacitive winds in figure 11, and sometimes they snake, divide and join following induction currents, cutting broad valleys with funnel shaped inflows, as shown in Figures 12 through 14. The (a) image is annotated with wind patterns and the (b) image is without markings for comparison.
Winds in the NE quadrant flowed parallel to the SE quadrant winds, and both cut perpendicular to magnetic field lines, but the NE winds shoot inside the loop of magnetic field lines to the apex, whereas the SE winds cut across the loop sideways.
In the NW quadrant, winds followed magnetic field lines, making a sharp bend at the crux of the “X” and staying inside the quadrant, but lifting as they made the turn.
The SW quadrant has a split personality. In one half winds flow straight at the crux of the “X” in direct opposition to wind from the NE quadrant. These winds met in a central updraft that lifted them vertical. In the other half of the quadrant, winds circulate, making an “S” shaped pattern that begins parallel to, and then crosses magnetic field lines perpendicularly.
The reason for winds to flow either parallel to, or perpendicular to magnetic field lines is induction. Both moving magnetic fields and electric fields induce current. Reactive current is called capacitive when it follows electric fields. It is called inductive when it follows magnetic fields. Magnetic fields are perpendicular to electric fields in certain conditions. Since these mountains formed from circuits 180 degrees out-of-phase, things tend to line-up.
The Laramie circuit produced induction currents following both electric and magnetic fields. Winds in the NE quadrant were due to capacitive reactance, following the electric field. The NW quadrant winds were due to inductive reactance, aligned with magnetic field lines. The SW and SE quadrant winds were combinations of capacitive and inductive currents, but expressed in different geometries.
Reactive currents express either inductive, or capacitive behavior, or a mix in different parts of the circuit. Therefore it’s not surprising the southern quadrants have blended currents. What is surprising is how clear the pattern is etched, in spite of all the chaos and violence of this event. On display are electromagnetic forces that stirred the earth, like we would stir iron filings with a magnet.
Further away from the discharge, the southern quadrants mixed into a large tornado with two satellite whirlwinds that lifted wind in this quadrant into the mesocyclone storm (Figure 15). This tornado region sits just south of the “X” which marks the center of the mesocyclone’s central updraft. This position corresponds well with the formation of “wall clouds” that spawn tornadoes in typical thunderstorms.
Shock waves reverberated absolutely everywhere, creating nearly vertical oriented tetrahedrons layered like fish scales. Shock waves from winds sucking into the maelstrom left triangular wave-forms where separation bubbles formed beneath screaming jet-streams. They display direction of winds that confirms the wind paths described.
Where wind exceeds supersonic speed and is forced to change direction, shock waves form. They are like folds in the fabric of the wind, which is stiffened into laminar jet streams segregated by extreme pressure differentials.
Tornadoes draw ground winds from all directions, but in a supersonic tornado, there is an inlet zone where the majority of wind enters the rotation. They are drawn from ambient jet stream winds that the tornado forms tangent to. Figure 16 shows winds entering the whirlwind change direction from linear to rotation, forming a large shock wave tangent to the rotation, and parallel to the jet stream (note 1). This inflow shock wave is a distinct feature of tornado “footprints” if the winds involved were supersonic.
If the winds also rotated at supersonic speed, additional shock waves form tangent to the rotation at points of shear between the rotating winds and ambient winds (note 2).
Finally, tornadoes may form shock waves due to shearing interior to the rotation. where they curl inside the inlet zone (note 3).
The largest tornado in Figure 15 lies in the SE quadrant and produced Laramie Peak. It’s the highest point in the range at 10,260 ft, and sits next to a gouged-out valley that dips to 6,700 ft elevation. Both the valley and the peak are within the tornado’s rotation. Tornadoes form a cambered debris “bowl” where the winds scrape the ground. The debris is lifted away where the force of inlet winds carve at the land, and then are deposited on the opposite side of the rotation as the winds lift (Figure 17). Mt. Laramie is one such deposit.
Shock waves are evident where supersonic winds change direction. Examples in Figure 18a are tetrahedrons formed in the NE quadrant, where winds following the electric field lifted to create separation bubbles. They form tetrahedrons in linear rows conventionally known as monoclines, but they are, in fact, supersonic “sand dunes”. This is especially evident if you examine the breaks and inflections caused by constructive and destructive interference patterns.
Figure 18a shows tetrahedrons formed by jet stream winds rising to the mesocyclone in Area 1. A new set of tetrahedral dunes formed in Area 2, which deflected winds and starved Area 3, leaving a triangular interference zone that pinched out formation of tetrahedrons from the shock wave of Area 1. The gap between Areas 1 and 2 turned the wind and formed a tornado (Area 4) in it’s eddy.
Figure 18b shows these same features from another angle and how eddy currents form behind tetrahedrons in a low pressure zone beneath the rising winds. These are, in effect, destructive interference troughs behind the constructive peak of the wave pattern as winds undulated across the ground.
Domain of the Heart
Stepping back to look at the entire heart-shaped circuit domain in Figure 19; blue lines trace the ground level jet stream winds, violet swirls indicate where tornadoes made definitive features on the ground, red “x”s are discharge patterns, and the green areas are where the thunderstorms down-drafted to the rear and rear flank of the storm (also Figure 20). The two lakes are where the circuits connected to ground deep in the Earth, leaving a distinct “V” shaped land form between them forming the base of the “heart”.
The top of the heart is an accumulation of positively charged matter swept there by winds in-flowing to meso-cyclone updrafts, and the bottom of the heart is a negatively charged basin swept clear by down-drafting winds. These are the anodic and cathodic sides of the domain, neatly separating the top and bottom of the heart. There are several other symmetries and heart analogies hidden there.
This would have been a horrible place. The discharges blasted negative ions and free electrons away in arc blasts, while drawing positive ions inward. The velocities, temperatures and densities of the winds differed, their dielectric properties differed, their charge densities differed; and they segregated, with the positive inflow hugging the ground, accumulating dust that adhered to the statically charged land. The drag of the winds covered the land with blankets of dust, layered like fish scales, hardened by sonic pressure and electric currents that snapped and crackled everywhere.
The clouds roiled in whirling updrafts overhead. A squall-line of heavy thunderstorms formed in mirror image to the chaos on the ground, spitting lightning in carpet bomb fashion that would have made the clouds glow. Rain fell in torrents of mud and rock. Supersonic winds scoured the ground, in-flowing to biblical whirlwinds, and sonic shock waves reverberated in electrified sheets of plasma current; the entire atmosphere surrounding the storm patterned in the shock-diamond herringbone of flashing, ionized shock waves.
Lightning discharge blossomed like acne, leaving pinnacles, dikes, craters and domes in regions of high tension. Winds stirred around these discharges, disturbing the ambient winds into transient cyclones that left hardened dunes as monuments. And the winds reached supersonic speeds patterned by shock waves that embossed the land with triangular and polygonal wave-forms.
At the time they were made, with all the violent turbulence, heat and electric currents, the mountains likely resembled not so much hard granite, but puddles of hot jam, squished into form by wind and mashed by an electric fork.
This whole mountain range is direct and unequivocal evidence of electric formation. Conventional means of uplift, faulting and erosion requiring several eons of disconnected events could not, by any reasonably statistical probability produce phase diagrams 15 miles across the face of the earth with induced current paths shaped by magnetic field lines.
The features of these mountains are coherent only when recognized as the result of electrical circuits in the Earth. Each ridge line and canyon, every hill and dale, can be tied to a sequence of events that occurred at one particular phase in Earth’s evolution involving extreme electrical stress on the planet.
Conventional science can’t explain why any two of these features coexist, let alone demonstrate their disjointed theories empirically, or model them with any real plausibility on computers. But you can make discharge patterns like this with some wire and an AC power source. Or, as I have done, bring two out-of-phase plasma balls into contact.
I simply powered one plasma ball with AC current and one with DC, so it produced and in-phase/out-of-phase sequence as the AC side alternated. Between the two balls, the sparks joined and spread with each pulse, like hands clasping, then spreading fingers to push away as energy expended in reactive discharges, perpendicular to the in-phase current flow, just like the “X” patterns in the mountains.
The plasma interaction between the plasma balls didn’t occur at the glass barrier of the globes, as you might expect. It occurred inside the DC ball with the weaker voltage, pushed there by the higher voltage AC ball. Unfortunately, the experiment fried my plasma balls before I could film it. I don’t have the kind of high speed equipment needed to properly photograph it anyway. This image in Figure 21 however, does capture the effect, although I don’t know the circuitry of this set-up.
Figure 21 shows a Tesla coil discharging to an electrode. White filaments of current direct connect to the electrode, while violet plasma flames of reactive power shoot outward in a cone around the discharge. The angle of the cone isn’t 90 degrees, but that is an artifact of this particular circuit and its phase angle.
The Laramie circuit resulted in a discharge along a dipolar alignment between circuit domains, with a capacitive reaction aimed clockwise 90 degrees from the dipolar alignment, and an inductive reaction 90 degrees counter-clockwise, forming a cross, because the domains were exactly 180 degrees out-of-phase.
So, you see the world is a more understandable place than you have been led to believe. To understand it we need to recognize the Earth contains holographic imagery of it’s past charge distributions. The information is there to learn vastly more than we know today about its creation. To get the info, we just need to ask the right questions.
Science, as it’s taught and practiced, does not ask the right questions. If anyone dares, they are silenced.
If you are unaware of how science deceives us, consider what belief in science means today. Undetectable matter, unaccountable energies, multiple dimensions, space-time-gravity, multiple universes and a Big Bang from absolutely nothing. It’s all a bunch of crap, and we can know this by looking – these things aren’t there and they don’t even make sense. Where are the extra dimensions?
Think of the confusion that results. The Earth hasn’t warmed in fifty years; but it will fry us in ten. Don’t use paper, it kills the trees – use plastic, it’s recyclable; don’t use plastic, it kills the fish – use paper, it’s renewable. Stop eating meat, or anything with a face; and kill the cows because they fart too much. Stop factory farms that feed millions because the chemicals harm us; organic farm so there is much less food at much higher prices that poor people can’t afford. Coffee is good for you; coffee is bad for you. Don’t sip energy from the Earth with tiny straws, it damages the environment; replace hydrocarbons with solar panels that require re-wiring the grid and giant open pit mines to extract silver, copper and rare earth minerals. Mask yourself, a virus is loose; wait, there are too many people on the planet.
Science, as it’s taught and practiced, produces the dumbest people because dogmas are reinforced by years of school and politics in lieu of critical thinking. Critical thinking requires more than following the mistakes of pompous academics who think they are gods. Understanding Nature isn’t something taught, it’s an awareness gained by knowing oneself, because we are part of Nature. Consciousness is Universal – the Alpha and Omega of all information – to reach it you must look inside your conscience. For all beings, that is our true connection to the Cosmos.
The winds of Jupiter are arguably the most violent, enigmatic and visually exciting planetary feature in the Solar System. The eye of Jupiter – the Great Red Spot – stares at us through the centuries from it’s station in the lower hemisphere. Winds draw into, and around it in wild rivers and whirlwinds of variegated chemistry. The north pole swirls in multiple semi-steady state hurricanes. The entire planet is banded with counter-flowing winds.
Until recently, the highest wind speeds on Jupiter were clocked around 400 mph. A new study now indicates wind speeds as high as 900 mph.
According to “Meteorological Beast in our Solar System” published in SciTechDaily.com, the ultra-high speed winds were measured in Jupiter’s stratosphere. Mid-level winds that are, in Jupiter’s titanic atmospheric envelope, about 500 miles above the surface. This region is analogous to Earth’s stratosphere, where airliners fly, about five miles high. Previously, winds had only been measured in lower, slower cloud tops. The stratospheric winds were measured, in part, by tracing dispersed remnants of the molecular cloud left by the impact of comet Shoemaker-Levy.
Scientists speculate the fastest moving winds, which were measured at the poles, constitute a vortex structure over 500 miles high and the diameter of four Earths wide. That’s a big cyclone.
For the past couple of years I’ve written a series called “Eye of the Storm” in which I’ve demonstrated evidence for supersonic winds on Earth during it’s formative age. I’ve also discussed how lower level winds, ground winds in particular, reach supersonic speeds and I’ve shown evidence for it in shock wave impressions in Earth’s geology. I’ve also shown how the winds of Jupiter demonstrate fractal self-similarity with the primordial winds on Earth and how that is due to crustal circuitry.
I’ve also described, and shown evidence for similar giant cyclones, scaled to Earth’s dimensions, such as the the great meso-cyclone that shaped North America’s Great Basin.
I don’t know if I explicitly said Jupiter has supersonic winds, but that fact is certainly implicit in my theory. So, I’m chalking this up as confirmation. Fractal self similarity between Earth and Jupiter manifests in scalar dimensional features, but the speed at which weather fractals, and the winds in them move is governed by the rate of charge diffusion, which should be similar between the planets at a given state of electrical excitement, given the similar chemistry.
What the scientists have yet to discover are the exceedingly fast vertical winds. The Great Red Spot is a network of electric winds that wraps over and under itself, like crocheted yarn. Velocities are greatest at the inflections where winds go vertical. We see the same thing in thunderstorms, where the central updraft displays the fastest winds. They will discover this one day, and I will crow again.
It is important for us all to understand that Jupiter is a living-laboratory demonstrating Earth’s creation. If science would stop looking for carbon under the bed-sheets ( oh my, 400 ppm any day now), and take a hard look at Jupiter instead, we might actually learn something true about climate, weather, geology, Earth’s creation and mankind’s ancient past.
Of course that won’t happen.
Circuitry in the Earth’s crust couples with Earth’s electromagnetic field to cause weather. It’s really all one circuit and the earth and sky are elements of capacitance in the circuit. Jupiter and Earth are wired essentially the same way, so it’s not coincidence, but expectation to find the similarities. The planetary scientists really need to listen to the Electric Universe. Since Immanuel Velikovsky we’ve been right many times, while academia is always… well, let’s just say surprised. It seems the cosmos has a confirmation bias for the Electric Universe.
Special thanks to Jan Emming for sending me the article.
Eye of the Storm presents a case study for how electrical forces shaped the Colorado Plateau and its surroundings. In this tenth and final chapter, there are a few things to conclude, and review in summary.
What we’ve done in these chapters is reverse engineer the Earth, starting with outside layers and peeling inward, following the patterns of electrical scarring. We logically assume circuitry is the fundamental structure of the planet, since that is the very structure of life, energy and the cosmos in general. Abstract theories for cause and effect aren’t needed when the patterns of Nature are laid bare for us to see, repeating at every scale in every structure in the universe.
We merely need to recognize what makes the patterns. In the case of geology, it’s not just gravity, the mists of time, or coincidence. It’s the diffusion of charge in an environment of extreme electrical stress. Meaning, in the case of the Colorado Plateau, a huge potential difference between Earth and something else.
Charge diffusion means there is a circuit. Whether an element of charge finds a bond in atomic structure, or drifts in patterns formed by fields, it has to move. And that motion is subject to a myriad of emergent influences, but it is always patterned in the most fundamental way by the coherent influence of electric circuitry. Whether a chemical reaction, or a thermodynamic cycle, dissect it down to the quantum level and it’s all electromagnetic circuitry.
And as a result, we can look at the planets and stars in the Solar System and see the same effects at play over and over.
If a planet has dead circuits, like Mercury, or the Moon; facing a high potential, it responds to static charge build-up on it’s surface with explosive discharges that leave it pockmarked with craters and rilles. The evidence is overwhelming, as anyone who reads Thunderbolts knows.
Then there are planets that used to be alive and are now dead, like Mars. Or those in the process of birth, or death, like Venus. And there’s a bunch of debris from planet formation and electrical interactions orbiting the sun.
But if a planet is ‘alive’ with an atmosphere and crust enveloped in a self-amplifying magnetosphere in sustained resonant feedback with the Solar System, it must have energy flowing through that crust and atmosphere, storing inside it, making it a spherical capacitor. Weather and geology is driven by this capacitance. That is pure logic and physics, once it’s recognized that Earth and the Solar System are circuits.
Correlations can be drawn because circuitry acts the same regardless of what planet it’s on, depending on type. Hence we can see Jupiter’s storms being motivated by circuitry, and correlate actions of turbulent wind with geologic patterns on Earth, and draw conclusions about the common cause. We don’t have to “theorize” – we just apply known science.
What we’ve looked at so far:
Mountain structures shaped by sonic shock waves provide the biggest evidence of all the Electric Earth ‘theories’ presented in the Eye of the Storm. If tetrahedrons and other features produced by shock waves in a wind tunnel precisely match what we see in geology, and if there is no other demonstrable process that can produce the same features, that is astonishing evidence that supersonic, plasma winds built mountains.
If supersonic plasma winds are acknowledged, then the planet’s voltage rise and other circumstances required to create them have to be acknowledged as well. And that brings all the other electrical processes described in Eye of the Storm into play, because they are inevitable consequences of charge diffusion under those circumstances.
Consensus science has decided tetrahedrons result from a combination of faulting, uplift, water erosion and huge spans of time. They have no empirical proof – no proof whatsoever – that water erosion can produce repeating, harmonic and nearly perfect geometric forms like these shown here, and many others presented in earlier chapters. Water erosion simply can’t be that consistent. The earth scientists merely have an unverified hypothesis they represent as fact-confirmed-by-consensus, and they ignore the patterns. Ignoring the obvious is scientific malpractice.
These forms are, without doubt, from sonic shock waves. Tetrahedrons are formed in the separation bubble of a reflected shock wave. It’s a region where a tetrahedral zone of low pressure forms. This low pressure zone attracts neutral and ionized dust like a vacuum cleaner equipped with an electrostatic precipitator.
The separation bubble is electrically, and pressure-polarized from the incoming plasma winds, causing static-electric attraction of ionic dust. There are also magnetic fields to attract ferrous materials in identifiable bands and sheets that conform to the shock patterns.
On an Electric Earth, the means and mechanisms are all there to form mountains: wind, water, dust and electrical bonding.
Wind, Water, Earth and Fire
Mountain features match shock-wave forms in excruciating detail far beyond the unambiguous tetrahedral shape of the separation bubble. There are harmonic frequencies, unstable wave forms, subsurface reflections, constructive and destructive interference and expansion fans found in geology – not once or twice coincidentally, but over and over again – all empirical proofs because the same features have been produced in supersonic wind tunnels for decades.
That said, exploring mountains and researching the Electric Earth is like an Easter Egg hunt, with surprising evidence around every bend. Sometimes the evidence is so cool, so unexpected, and so hidden in plain sight, that it knocks even my socks off. So, in this final chapter of Eye of the Storm I’d like to share my three favorite Easter Eggs.
Sneeze of the Gods
This is a photo of the Dragoon Mountains in Southern Arizona. Historically, the Dragoons are famous for Cochise’s Stronghold, a maze of rocky defiles where Chiricahua Apache raiding parties eluded capture from United States soldiers during the Apache Wars. The Chiricahua Chief, Cochise was a recognized genius at guerrilla warfare, and used the Southern Arizona terrain strategically to stage raids and then vanish. He is supposedly buried somewhere in those rocks above the Stronghold.
If you look at these ragged pinnacles and sheets of rock stacked together like triangular dominoes, you might be tempted to agree with geologists and say; gee, it must have taken millions of years. But I can show you, it happened pretty quickly. The evidence is in this monolithic granite tetrahedron.
The tetrahedron has a drip on it. A drip, meaning the tetrahedron was deposited as a viscous mass, like candle wax, or hot fudge. The drips are highlighted in the next image.
Directly above the drips are pillow-like rocks capping the crown of the tetrahedron. The pillow-rock above the drip at far left is broken.
It’s not a volcanic lava flow. These rocks are granite and must bake under pressure, deep underground for immense time according to “science”. These fluid forms have been exposed to atmosphere since they were made, because you can’t have free flow under tons of overburden pressure.
It’s not that it’s unusual to see fluid shapes in granite boulders. Granite rocks show fluid puddling, settling and drop configurations all the time. Even drips, but they are always broken and hard to discern with a photo. But this one is huge and so obvious.
Along the base of this drip, there is fluting where the falling, sheet-flow of fluid solidified in motion, like the mineral deposits from sheet-flow on cavern walls. Below the end of the drip are splatters and drops that fell free and landed on the rock face below.
A boulder with a runny nose makes no sense in consensus geology, so they ignore such a thing, or insist it’s not there. But it is, and it’s one minor confirmation of Electric Earth theory. It also presents loads of information about how it happened and the environment on Earth at the time.
The elongated pillow rocks are at the tip of the tetrahedron, therefore they constitute some of the last matter deposited into this separation bubble. This matter was deposited in a fluid state, and it cooled into a crystalline matrix of granite from the outside-in. Like candle wax, it formed a skin that retained heat inside, keeping the inside molten for longer. They are also at the top of the tetrahedron and stayed hot longest because they had the mass of the rock below them radiating through. It likely took years for this rock-mass to cool down. The pillows hang over the leeward side of the tetrahedron, so the wind was from behind pushing them over the edge, elongating their shape like water balloons.
The separations between rock is where shock waves, charged with current, evaporated material away or prevented it from depositing, leaving gaps. Shock waves in this environment were not only from the winds shearing and deflecting, but also explosive lightning strikes and reverberating thunder. They tend to electromagnetically align parallel and orthogonal, since the winds themselves were aligned with electric fields, and the shock waves carried current. The rock shrank as it cooled, creating the pillow shape.
The largest pillow-drop burst, leaving a broken pillow, and its contents spilled out in a stringy drip. In fact, the top of the broken pillow displays lightning scars that likely caused the pillow to break and drip it’s viscous guts before it completely solidified. Other pillars squeezed out their fluid like toothpaste.
I show this example because it illustrates the kind of confusing geologic detail Electric Earth theory can explain with ease, proving it’s not really confusing at all. It just takes breaking through the matrix of false paradigm and looking with fresh eyes.
It also gives a sense for the way matter was flying through the atmosphere. There was a fire-hose of hot silica in the plasma wind that formed the Dragoon Mountains. It formed like jello in a mold as ions recombined in the suction of separation bubbles.
To be clear, this mountain-building event occurred in Earth’s primordial past, near the end of a period when the continents were forming. There are mountains chock-full of fossilized dinosaurs and sea life in strata of this age, but no evidence of man. There were severe plasma storms in human history, but not filled with a fire hose of molten silica.
Ancient people did experience “coronal storms” due to some planetary conflict in the Solar System. Ancient myth is pretty clear about that. They must have been less powerful than what’s been described, yet still carried more punch than they do today. This next Easter Egg tells that story.
Handbag of the Gods
In Chapter 5 we looked at coronal storms. We looked at the San Rafael Swell and Capitol Reef, as well as Monument Valley and the San Juan River basin, as sets of dome and crater pairs produced in the eye of the great primordial storm that created the Colorado Plateau.
San Rafael/Capitol Reef
San Juan/Monument Valley
The weather that produced these domes and craters essentially consisted of a thunderstorm producing updraft winds, paired with a cyclone producing a downdraft at it’s core. Electrically, it formed a ring current between them, with it’s lower half being currents in the ground.
It’s upper half consisted of the meso-cyclone and cyclone connected by a jet-stream wind, from updraft to downdraft, forming an arch of condensate. This loop is what would be, under calmer circumstances, the thunderstorm anvil cloud, a layer of positive charge forming the top half of the mesocyclone. When mesocyclone and cyclone come together in a turbulent, intensely charged climate, the anvil is swept into a filament that feeds the downdraft of the cyclone. The cyclone and mesocyclone then becomes one circuit. This is how fractals “grow”. Circuits connect together and pairings become groupings and groupings become networks. That is what we see on Jupiter. The Great Red Spot is a network circuit of coronal storm loops.
We also looked at direct visual evidence of coronal loops on Jupiter, and they happen to be in almost the exact same pattern in the Great Red Spot as the dome and crater pairs on the Colorado Plateau, because the storm systems are fractals and driven by similar circuitry.
Also, like the ground current loops discussed in Chapter 9, these ring currents had DC input from lightning and plasma winds, and current junctions with ground, so they could act as Op Amps, using the DC currents to amplify the ring.
That realization was a pretty good egg. But it gets better.
The big Easter Egg was finding this type of storm system depicted in ancient art. In fact, it’s depicted on the oldest, most controversial and mysterious megalith ever discovered: the Vulture Stone at Gobekli Tepe.
The stone “T” pillar depicts arched clouds across the ‘sky’, or upper portion of the pillar. Yes, the mysterious “Handbag of the Gods”. And this is just my theory, of course … but the handbag depicts the box-like shape of mesocyclones seen at a distance, with the arch receding from center to behind, where it downdrafts into an unseen cyclone. A distant viewer would only see a squall line of thunderstorms surrounding the cyclone with, instead of an anvil cloud, the jet-stream to the cyclone arching away, just as it’s depicted.
Note the odd figures above the clouds. I believe these represent the type of thunderstorm discharge we call sprites and gnomes. In a coronal storm, plasma discharges from the cloud tops would not be as rare as they are today. Not that they are all that rare today, but in this past environment, they would have been lit like Christmas.
Above and below the clouds is space patterned in triangles, cut across by a thin layer of rectangles. This represents the triangular pattern of rarefaction and compression in supersonic winds, the narrow layer being a faster jet-stream, or lenticular layer between conflicting winds with interference patterns making the box-like segregations.
The vulture, or thunder-bird is a stylized representation of the Peratt instability also known as “squatter man”, which in rock art is often depicted with a bird’s head. It would have presaged the storm, appearing in the sky as an aurora bringing the portent of doom to come. The legless birds also depict aurora that are fractal repetitions, at least in partial image, of the central plasma column.
Below the birds, in the base of the “T”, are depictions of a wolf (the howling wind), a salamander (the tidal floods) and a scorpion (instead of a dragon, meaning ground-to-ground discharge). Arrow-headed snakes appear here and there, representing lightning, or currents. The “T” pillar itself represents Earth and Heavens; as above so below.
A popular theory about this stone is that it depicts a comet, or meteor strike. That’s because the bird is holding a ball. Go figure. I like my interpretation better.
Gobekli Tepe is dated earlier than 9,000 BC, or the time of the Younger Dryas. It’s also when Plato said Atlantis disappeared. And it correlates well, all things considered, with the time we recall as Noah’s flood, or Gilgamesh if you prefer.
Was this a shrine made by survivors? Or did it have utility in surviving the storms? They must have hid underground to survive, for even if they were in a region of calmer winds, radiation, lightning and fouled water would have surely killed them if they were unprotected. The implication is clear however, at Gobleki Tepe as in every ancient myth, there was an electrical storm the likes of which do not appear today, caused by some solar system event.
Thunderbolt of the Gods
Now the final Easter Egg. These handbags are depicted all over the world in ancient stonework. The earliest know depictions are in petroglyphs that can’t all be dated, but are believed to be from before 9,000 BC. The following is an example from Australia.
If you read this petroglyph right to left, like a storyboard, it first shows a small coronal storm cloud (right-most handbag) apparently forming. Next it’s a larger one above streamers rising from the ground. These would be plasma streamers, like what forms in a lightning connection, only visible in “glow mode”. Next the cloud forms something below, while something else rises to meet it. They look like hoops, or semi-circles. These would be plasma clouds reaching to meet, also visible in “glow mode”. Then there is some kind of squiggly figure, after which the clouds appear again. Never mind the kangaroo.
The squiggly figure is the plasma afterglow of a super-sized lightning bolt. What I believe this depicts is the cloud – the entire mesocyclone of a thunderstorm – collapsed in a “Z” pinch, then reforming.
That would be like a hydrogen bomb going off. But I’m pretty sure that’s what we’re seeing. I wonder if there isn’t a large crater a few miles in front of this rock. The entire colloquy is represented in stylized form in the Anunnaki figures in ancient Sumeria. The handbag, and the vine of “pomegranate” that looks like the Australian squiggly figure.
They are often holding pine cones, which I think represent the supersonic winds thrusting forward at the head of the storm and the fractal pattern of rarefaction and compression they would display.
In fact the entire figure represents aspects of the storms, from the birds head of aurora discharge to the legs flat footed on the ground – one uncovered and billowing muscle, like the winding updraft to a meso-cyclone and the other covered, unable to be seen, like the returning airflow down a cyclone.
It’s as if the gods – the winged, anthropomorphized aurora that presaged the storm – are delivering the storm; presenting handbags of terror (storm) pine cones of destruction (winds) and massive thunderbolts (lightning). It even displays a sense of hierarchy between heavenly and earthly phenomena, as in the gods and demi-gods endemic to ancient religions.
I know people will disagree, because everyone has a theory about the “handbags”. Some think they are for a drug stash, as if the ancient gods munched pscilocybin all day. Others say they carried pollen, but who collects pollen, and why? It makes more sense these figures symbolically commemorate the most Earth shattering event know to man.
Whether you agree, or not, I want you to understand. The events I describe are in our history. They influence us today. We are just confused by liars and lazy thinkers in our midst, from academia, to media, to politics. Science to culture to power. Break the bonds of the brainwash they feed us and think for yourself. Do it and you will find answers.
Nature makes itself known. It’s up to us to raise our consciousness to its level. Once done, truth is self evident. At least this is my experience. I have no special talent, I’m just keenly aware of what’s around me and eternally curious as to how it got there. Ask the right questions and Nature shows the answer. I refer to this feedback circuit as God.
I present these conclusions for your consideration. I won’t deny other possible answers exist, and we need to consider everything. But there is a bit of urgency in the message I get from all of this, which I’m compelled to share.
Earth’s internal circuits are warming-up. Volcanic and seismic activity is increasing all along plate boundaries that define the sub-surface currents. Weather has become a bit strange. At the same time, the Sun is entering a minimum period of energy output.
Solar minimums have direct correlation with colder weather on Earth, but also higher seismic activity. The Earth has to respond to the change in Solar energy by releasing some of its stored energy in order to maintain its balance. A reduction in Solar wind means a reduction in energy induced by Earth’s magnetic field. With less input energy, internal currents wane and the magnetic field weakens and expands. But as the magnetic field expands it captures more solar wind, increasing induction.
This tug of war plays out as Earth tries to keep pace with the Sun, but it oscillates Earth’s circuitry as currents ebb and flow, creating resistance and heat that has to release. This happens in the transient phase, shifting from maximum to minimum and vice versa. It’s the rate of change that matters. We may see a dramatic increase in the frequency of earthquakes, volcanoes and severe weather as we rise out of the minimum.
We are also experiencing a magnetic pole shift. The magnetic pole shift is related to changing crustal currents. How I don’t know (yet), but there is feedback between them, because there has to be. It’s predictable, it’s physics and it’s happening.
If there is one thing that should be evident from reading Eye of the Storm, it’s that Earth is an electric circuit driven by whatever is in its core. We don’t know what the “core” is. It’s not a spinning ball of iron. The surface effects we experience outside of the crust are driven from within as a result of how the core reacts with the solar system. The surface effects are a capacitive reaction to changing energy levels in the core, because Earth is a spherical capacitor.
Crustal boundaries surround the Indian Ocean, and above segments of these currents are some of the most active volcanic regions, including the Indonesian Islands and Madagascar. They are very active right now.
These are likely the largest currents on Earth and the closest together, producing magnetic flux between them. There is already a large gyre in the ocean, deep off the coast of Madagascar circulating between these currents.
Does this mean there are catastrophic storms in our future? Damned if I know. Check what the ancients say. All I know is we better get off the dime and understand this Earth as it really is and stop listening to academics.
Thank you all for reading. Thank you for the gracious comments. These articles appear on my website, thedailyplasma.blog, as well as Thunderbolts.info. and can be accessed by anyone entirely free. As people wake-up to reality, please point them to this content.
In the past few chapters of Eye of the Storm, we’ve looked at surface conductive discharge and the land forms it creates. Ground-to-ground, surface conductive discharges formed river channels, fractured the land with arc blast, built mountains, ripped them apart, and induced electric winds that competed in a global plasma storm on our ancient planet.
We’ve discussed how surface conductive discharges match the description of dragons in myth. How they must be discharges from an alternating current superimposed with a direct current bias that forces it’s path across Earth’s surface-electric field, blasting its way in fits and starts as resonant frequencies built and relaxed, bifurcating the current in reactive power surges.
The electric field is from a build-up of charge on continental surfaces due to capacitance in the continental plates. We’ve discussed how such discharges emanate from beneath Earth’s crust through a continental fringing field. Capacitance dictates there must also be a charge built on the opposite side of the plate which creates the potential difference.
This does not mean one side of the continental plate is all positive and one side negative. Ionization of native materials generates plasma, which by definition is a mixture of positive and negative charge. But plasma self organizes, producing regions of high intensity, positive or negative bias, surrounded by shells of weaker plasma. Coherent structures evolve as waves of energy pass through at varying frequencies, forming patterns of compression and rarefaction in the fashion that sonic vibrations produce cymatics.
Potentials oscillate between regions of high intensity, sometimes spiking to extreme levels from harmonic feedback and constructive interference in the manner of circuits commonly referred to as RLC circuits in electronics. It’s the spikey surges that sends sparks flying. We’ll now discuss the underbelly of North America from where these sparks originated and what we can infer about its features.
In keeping with Eye of the Storm protocol, we’ll use Earth’s geology, the planet Jupiter, and the fractal self similarities of charge diffusion as our living laboratory for evidence.
It’s San Andreas’ Fault
As discussed in the previous chapters, river channels align with faults that are cracks in the Earth caused by the intense heat, pressure and charge depletion of an arc blast from surface conductive discharges. They are literally the dragon’s footprint. But not all dragon prints result in river channels. In some places, surface conductive discharges created faults that were later buried, or somehow isolated from a watershed, so no river resulted. The San Andreas Fault is one such beast.
It was created in the same discharge event that created the Colorado: a resonant frequency reactive discharge that sent a filament of induced current northwest, while the main line current of the Colorado filament turned 90 degrees east to the Colorado Plateau.
This filament is the San Andreas fault system, extending from the Gulf of California along the western fringe of the continent to the Juan de Fuca Plate. The fault follows precisely a portion of continental plate boundaries surrounding the Pacific known as the “Ring of Fire”.
What this means is the San Andreas fault is the result of a surface conductive, branch filament of the Colorado discharge, induced along the plate boundary. This branch formed a parallel circuit with the Colorado River branch, thus forming a parallel RLC circuit. The parallel RLC circuit has the characteristic ability to amplify frequency to the point of producing resonant frequency, reactive power discharges, which is what we see along the Colorado River. Not all dragons are parallel circuits, so the Colorado/San Andreas system has some exceptional features and may be unique, at least on Earth.
The fact that the San Andreas is a filament of current discharging along this path can be demonstrated by looking at a real life dragon in action. Of course, this means looking to Jupiter where a similar circuit is in action right now.
Capacitance forces a mirror response to sub-surface charge accumulation on the continental surface, and in the atmosphere. So the landscape and atmosphere reflect the ground currents. This image of a long oval storm system on Jupiter has been presented before, in Chapter 7, as an analog for the storm that created the San Joaquin Valley in California, and it’s ring of mountains including the Sierra Nevada range. The red line traces (approximately) the San Andreas fault analog that exists beneath Jupiter’s clouds in the same geometry. It rides next to long, thin, dark filaments making “French curves” in the clouds.
These dark filaments are where low-level winds dive beneath higher shelf clouds to feed the jet stream that follows the discharge creating the fault. Where it meets the branching Garloc fault it created a triangle of Venturi winds. Similar faults, or currents are embedded in the Sierra Range (not highlighted) where you can see dark filaments in the clouds).
In other words, you are seeing a dragon from above, the jet-stream being a charged plasma wind generated by induction along the path of the ground current, which takes an identical path through the storm system that the San Andreas does due to the fractal symmetry of charge diffusion in similar circuits.
Two similar circuits will create similar patterns of charge diffusion. Never exact, but similar, like fingerprints and snowflakes. Both circuits create paths of current with capacitance and inductance that forms self similar diffusion patterns in the form of weather and discharge. The difference in size between Earth and Jupiter doesn’t matter. The processes are all scalable. And the difference in chemistry matters little, because the patterns are formed by charge diffusion which is regulated by the circuit. The circuit dictates the plasma behavior and arranges the chemistry to suit. One could say the circuit creates itself, like Escher’s hand that draws a hand that draws itself.
That’s a big insight, by the way. I hope you noticed.
As far as Jupiter is concerned, what this means is that there are crustal ground currents on Jupiter that form circuits geometrically similar to certain ground currents on Earth. We have zero direct evidence for what constitutes “ground” on Jupiter, but the evidence that ground currents are there is in the shape and actions of the clouds. Capacitance between ground and atmosphere dictates the presence of ground currents, producing self-similar storms in feedback with currents in the atmosphere.
Why Earth and Jupiter should have geometrically similar electrical circuits within their crusts may seem a ridiculous coincidence if you accept the consensus views on planetary formation. So don’t.
Planets are formed as drops and bubbles spit out of bigger planets, or stars. Drops and bubbles are fractal entities shaped by electrical bonding – surface tension, that is, or as I like to say – spherical capacitance. It should be no surprise that complex fractal bubbles will also have complex fractal surface features.
Fractals being fractal – self similar that is – and planets everywhere being drops and bubbles, they should all display similar features. But you will not see the similarities if you categorize and analyze them as solid or gaseous structures, or as thermodynamic or chemical entities, or as gravitational bodies caused by wiggly space-time. They only make sense if you analyze them as circuits. Then, it not only makes sense, it yields real, useful knowledge to see Earth and Jupiter with nearly exact fractal symmetries.
Ground Current Loops
The presence of the San Andreas Fault also betrays that the plate boundary hides a Telluric, or sub-surface current, formed by charge accumulation beneath the plate in the fringing field along the plate’s edge. We’ll now look at the evidence for this sub-surface current. We can’t see what’s beneath the crust, but we can make some assumptions based on surface features.
We know sub-surface currents must generate heat given resistance in the ground, so we can expect to find volcanoes and seismic activity concentrated along these currents. And so we do:
Charge collects within and beneath the continental plates because they present a sheet of dielectric matter to energy flowing in and out of the Earth. As charge collects beneath the plates it migrates and concentrates at the plate boundaries. The fringing field at the plate boundary is the reason. The transition from thick continental plate to thinner oceanic plate, or any cracks in the plate, creates a fringing field that provides better conduction for the pent-up charge beneath the plates to escape.
But the potential still has to be large enough to make a spark to close the gap across the fringing field. And in the meantime, the fringing field accumulates charge. Filaments of current are induced along the length of the fringing fields at the plate boundaries by Earth’s magnetic and electric fields, forming circuits. You should notice that the plate boundaries connect in continuous, looping circuits.
To illustrate, one of the better examples is the Caribbean Plate, or more precisely, the Caribbean Current Loop.
The Caribbean Loop
The Caribbean sea floor displays deep trenches aligned with island arcs, which run parallel to each other – even around bends. Volcanic island chains and oceanic trenches are magnetic expressions of a sub-surface current. Volcanic islands appear to one side of the current, and deep trenches appear on the other.
The sub-surface current does not produce trench and volcano chains directly. They are formed by eddy currents in the solenoid-like, coaxial magnetic field surrounding the current. Think of a subsurface Birkeland Current, with the added effect of iron in the ground magnifying the magnetic field and its eddy currents. The effect is described by Lenz’s Law, which is a special case of Faraday’s Law of Induction.
To induce eddy currents, according to Lenz’ Law the conductor itself had to be in motion across the Earth’s magnetic field, generating helical eddy currents in the coaxial magnetic field around the moving conductor.
Eddy currents generate heat due to resistance in the material where the currents form. Eddy currents form around the moving conductor, melting the surrounding rock and creating magma chambers. Lorentz Force, or the drag effect of a moving conductor through a magnetic field, which is a magnetic reaction in the opposing direction, pushes volcanoes up on one side and depresses the crust into the molten chamber on the other, creating a trench at the trailing edge of the moving conductor.
There is no actual conductor, like a copper wire, but it’s the movement of a filament of current, which is moving in reaction to electromagnetic forces, that burns and melts its way through the crust.
Given that islands are to the inside of the trench, the right hand rule indicates the Caribbean Loop Current ran counter-clockwise during formation of the Caribbean plate.
The movement of the current also dredged seafloor, piling it into non-volcanic islands along it’s path, aided by incomprehensible tsunamis. The violence of this event cannot be overstated.
Similar current loops can be found at the horn of South America and the Indonesian archipelago.
Evidence the current moved is also displayed in the sinuous curvatures of the trench and island chains. Note the image, where the filament dragged south, it’s momentum amplified the eddy currents heating the crust to build the Cuban island chain along an “S” shaped curve, before locking it’s position in a straight line at Jamaica.
One of the likely reasons current loops make these lateral moves is because the sides of the loop flow in opposite directions, and the magnetic polarity of the coaxial eddy currents are opposite and attract, narrowing the loop like a hangman’s noose. The magnetic field attraction eventually meets electric field repulsion from the opposing current vectors, which snaps the current into balance in parallel lines. The tip of the loop accumulates the highest charge density, so even though it’s the region that moves the least, its high potential burns neat little arcs of volcanoes.
The sinuous pattern shows how charge density spread in longitudinal waves through the moving filament as it met resistance. It’s similar to how tension and compression travels in waves through a steel spring. It forms a sine curve, with the greatest amount of volcanism, trenching and dredging at the inflections, where momentum changed greatest, amplifying the magnetic induction of eddy currents. The deepest trenches show where the current came to rest, and momentum suddenly decelerated to zero, as an electromagnetic balance was achieved across the loop structure.
Lateral current movements of this type can be found all over the world. The momentum change in the current produces distinctive arcs of deep depressions and volcanic island chains in the oceans. On land, tell-tale lakes, mountains chains, rivers, volcanoes and maar craters align themselves in the same patterns.
Where the Caribbean Loop joins the Ring of Fire, the juncture is called a “triple junction”. Triple junctions occur at the plate boundaries. For instance, the Rivera Triple Junction is where the Rivera Plate meets the Eastern Pacific Rise (EPR). Triple junctions are known hot spots for volcanic and seismic activity, and magnetic anomalies.
Since there are triple junctions along the North American plate, it begs the question: are there current loops connected to these junctions beneath the continental plate?
The North American Current Loop
Let’s examine North America. The Ring of Fire is the obvious path of a subsurface current because it forms a lineament of volcanoes from Alaska to Central America.
There are three other major lineaments in North America’s interior. Yellowstone super-volcano is one end of a curving lineament of volcanoes in a trend that forms a part of the Snake River Valley across southern Idaho.
To the south is a string of volcanic fields called the Jemez Lineament. The Jemez Lineament extends diagonally from the Pinacate Volcanic field in Sonora, Mexico, northeast across Arizona, to the border between Colorado and New Mexico.
It’s bisected by a northwest-to-southeast lineament of volcanoes that include the San Francisco Peaks and the Uinkaret volcanoes on the North Rim of Grand Canyon.
With all of these plotted together on one map, a pattern begins to emerge that implies there is a current loop beneath North America. Plotted, the Jemez and San Francisco Peak volcanic lineaments produce an almost perpendicular cross pattern, juxtaposed symmetrically across the Colorado Plateau from the volcanoes of the Yellowstone complex, and aligned with the Ring of Fire.
The Jemez lineament aims directly to the Guadalupe micro-plate to the southwest, and to the arc of the Great Lakes to the Northeast.
The loop appears to circle the Great Lakes and points back to the Black Hills in South Dakota, which appears to be an inflection point. From there it points to the Juan de Fuca plate in a direct line through Yellowstone.
It has a similar shape and size to the Caribbean current loop, with the base of the loop wider than the tip.
Similar to the Caribbean Loop, there is a significant depression at the tip. In this case the Great Lakes, but they reside on the inside of the loop, whereas ocean trenches are outside of the Caribbean Loop.
And where the Caribbean Loop has volcanic islands inside the curve of the loop, the North American Loop has maar craters (see “The Maars of Pinacate“), which is a type of volcanic action forming a series of circular lakes outside the arc of the Great Lakes.
Maars are volcanoes created by steam and other gases exploding instead of spewing ash and lava. Smaller such expressions are known as karsts and breccia pipes. They are all forms of diatremes, and are often mined for uranium and precious metals, which the eruption leaves behind in the throat of the tube. The surface result is a crater instead of a cinder cone, and is typically filled with water.
The implication is that the loop current lies below aquifers that erupted in steam, creating the maars. And that the volcanic expression is to the outside of the loop, depressions to the inside, so current circulates north-to-south in this loop – opposite to the Caribbean Loop.
The shape of the Great Lakes, especially Lake Superior, show the sinuous shape of ground current movement. It appears the loop narrowed, or swung to the south, until the southern leg aligned to the Jemez Lineament.
The Yellowstone volcano lineament is a half circle, and also appears to be from ground current movement. In this case, the movement appears to be north from the Monterrey Micro-plate, to the Juan de Fuca triple junction. If so, this widened the base of the loop, with the pivot point of the shift at the Black Hills of South Dakota.
If I’m not telling you anything new, then try this:
How the Earth Thinks
The electrical structure of these small loop currents, and the junctions with large polar loops like the Ring of Fire, forms a circuit called an Operational Amplifier, commonly called an Op-Amp. An Op-Amp is type of current loop, but there is one key ingredient to an Op Amp that makes it special, and that’s a direct current (DC) connection to the loop, which amplifies the gain of output to input current by as much as one hundred-thousand. It can then be manipulated with additional circuitry – resistance, inductance and capacitance in various configurations – to perform all kinds of tricks.
They can be made to oscillate, amplify, or invert. Op-Amps are at the heart of circuitry such as the old Hewlett-Packard calculator I used in college to perform complex math. Op-Amps did the adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing of my inputs, to give me outputs I needed to get a grade.
So, how does Nature insert this DC current into the loop? Lightning. Lightning strikes DC pulses into the ground. In the environment we’re exploring, lightning struck continuously. Long enough and powerful enough to draw supersonic winds and matter to build mountains, like the Black Hills of South Dakota, which is an inflection point in the loop.
From that inflection point, the Yellowstone volcano aligns with lightning generated mountains of Sacajewea Peak and the Black Hills along the sub-surface current path.
If the Op-Amp needs a shot of DC current, Nature organizes itself to provide by stirring a storm that spits lightning in the appropriate place, thereby fulfilling it’s fractal pattern requirements. Escher’s hands.
I won’t go into detail about how Op-Amps work. There are plenty of books about them. One attribute certain Op-Amps have I want to point out. Properly configured, the bridge between the triple junctions experiences a low, almost zero current relative to the current outside the junctions and in the loop. This corresponds to the “bridge” region of the Ring of Fire between the Mendocino Triple Junction and the Guadeloupe Micro-plate, where there are but a few sparsely spread volcanoes.
Compared to the Cascades and Olympics, or the profusion of large volcanoes in Mexico, only Mt. Shasta, Lassen, Mammoth and a few anemic lava flows fill out the bridge section. The relatively low density and magnitude of volcanoes is evidence that current was restricted along the bridge, just like an Op Amp.
Rupert Sheldrake, are you listening?
But the bigger take on all this, is that the Earth is a damn computer. There is no other conclusion to draw when there are op-amps all over the circuit, clicking and switching currents around. The Earth works as a coherent circuit. It’s a circuit within a bigger circuit centered on the Sun. And it has circuits within it, shaping the continents and weather.
There is no “butterfly effect”. A butterfly doesn’t stir 300 mph tornadoes. It’s one of the fallacies of modern science that leads to accepting abstract and frivolous ideas. There are fluctuations in signal strength Earth receives from the solar system. Earth is a ball of energy and matter, and when it gets extra energy it stores some in the matter. As Earth’s balance with the solar system oscillates, as it must, skin effects take place as Earth’s matter absorbs and releases energy. Those skin effects are geology and weather, and they are driven by capacitance as energy flows between Earth’s layers of matter.
Ionization and induced currents are the natural result. We have been looking at the physical evidence. There is nothing described in these chapters that is implausible, or unscientific. It is what is expected on a planet. It’s what physics predicts if the inquiry begins with the proper framework.
The next chapter will be the final one for the Eye of the Storm project. We’ll summarize and draw some final conclusions.
According to consensus science, ancient cultures across the planet – with no communication between them – independently and spontaneously invented dragons. Remarkably, they all invented the same physical description and modus operandi: a fire breathing serpent, origin in the sea, havoc across the land and crazy weather. Given the consistencies and global reach of this ancient archetype, a rational thinker might consider some significant global event is behind it, common to each culture. Yet the consensus relegates this to coincidence, or a spontaneous glitch in a collective consciousness their own science denies the existence of.
Truth is, ancient man was intimate with an environment more extreme than we have today, and understood it much better than we do. The ancients left us tales, artwork and structures that are more than just breadcrumbs. They are bold, articulate statements about the environment they lived in, and how different it was from ours.
The features examined in this article are proof of the dragon’s passage, not random and coincidental anomalies. They appear predictably, as expected of the circuit.
Action and Reaction
Reactive power is a two way street. Energy is both released and absorbed as current alternates, spitting out and sucking back in. Chapter 7 showed the canyons and river channels arc-blasted by reactive power from resonant discharges. That was an example of reactive power spitting out. When it sucks back in, reactive power creates a mountain, not a canyon.
This is where things get really interesting. The resonant reactive discharge that blasted the river apart, creating a junction, also created mountains on reactive inflow vectors.
The inflow current is backwards relative to reactive outflow. Since there is a bias in the line current, the backwards direction of reactive inflow current produces a different vector sum than the outflow.
The inflow current depletes a region of electrons. This breaks the bonds in crystalline rock, tearing it apart, heating and dissolving it. Chemistry, magnetism and the Coulomb force compete to rearrange the landscape.
The depleted region forms a mountain as atomic bonds recombine, first forming a rock wall, called a dyke. The dyke forms where a filament of current begins to steal electrons from the surroundings, pulling material to the filament and pinching it, magnetically. After a discharge neutralizes the current, the material cools, recombines and solidifies into a wall of rock. Wind then piles dust onto the dyke, aided by rarefaction from shock waves and electrostatic attraction to the still depleted zone, building a mountain.
The effect can be seen in this image of the Will Henry and its tributaries where they branch from the Colorado. Adjacent to the capacitive discharge there are linear mountains (red lines) radiating away from the crux of the river branching. These are the reactive inflow currents, where charge depletion made a dyke on which a mountain formed from windblown dust. These are at angles that increase between the second and third bifurcations, from 40 to 50 degrees with respect to the outgoing inductive current, because these currents are flowing backwards with respect to the line current, and the positive bias in line current increases as reactive power is drawn away in successive discharges, which widens this angle.
Since there is an inductive, reactive inflow current, there must also be capacitive, reactive inflow currents. And indeed there are. In the first image, the linear mountains were inductive reactive inflow currents. The next image shows linear mountains aligned parallel with supply current just before these same junctions. The parallel mountains are the capacitive reactive inflow currents.
Recall from Part 7, these junctions are caused by resonant frequency that acts like a stopper in the current flow, forcing it to squirt out sideways in reactive discharge. As the line current is slowed by the rising frequency, charge builds in the nose of the current channel, just like pressure builds behind a bottleneck. A far-field positive charge builds parallel and adjacent to the charge building in the line due to capacitance. This is known as “stray capacitance” in the electronics world, and is generally something designed out of a system because it creates unwanted harmonic feedback.
It’s parallel to the supply current because it’s actually making a capacitor at some distance defined by the magnetic field, which helps induce currents to build the capacitor’s charge. It’s to the right of the line current because of the “right-hand-rule”, which says the magnetic field is penetrating the ground at these places and saturating it with induced currents.
These capacitors are filaments of positive charge that build-up before the line current explodes in reactive discharge. When the discharge occurs, the capacitive, reactive branch connects with the capacitor filaments and drains them, which has the effect of building a dyke, and hence a mountain, from a depleted charge zone.
Once the connection is made and the filaments drained, the capacitive, reactive discharge current is free to turn it’s vector east to align with the electric field. In all, there are nine resonant frequency bifurcations (marked in green on the accompanying image) along the Colorado and it’s primary tributaries, including Lake Powell, which is a staccato series of resonant discharges.
Each has the same crab-claw shape with accompanying inflow current generated mountains, inductive outflow currents that vector north, and capacitive outflow currents that vector east, parallel to the line current, which is aligned to the electric field.
You may also note some of these bifurcations are where dams are built, including Hoover, Parker and Glen Canyon. It’s no coincidence that the bottleneck of a resonant, reactive discharge creates a bottleneck canyon with an arc-blasted basin behind, perfectly suitable for damming. The rocky choke-point is a result of induced reactive inflow currents aimed at the crux of the resonant discharge.
The next image shows line current and outflow reactance in blue and inflow reactance in red for the major resonant discharge bifurcations along the southern portion of the Colorado and Gila.
In some conditions, mesas are created by reactive inflow instead of mountains. This occurs when the de-saturated zones left by inflow currents leave mesa’s behind as landscape around is sputtered away. In the next image of Lake Powell, there are inductive absorption currents 180 degrees opposed to the inductive, reactive power discharges. See Sputtering Canyons – Part 1, 2 and 3 for some background on sputtering. Note the fine tendrils running parallel around and between the highlighted mesas. These canyons are scars from tendrils of charge that shot through this area, electrifying an aquifer, or wet layer of deposits and causing the land to sputter away from that layer, leaving already de-saturated areas behind.
Another example of this is at the Green River branching. South of the junction is an arcing network of filamented canyons and mesas parallel to incoming line current, just before the bifurcation. This is another area where capacitive, reactive charge built parallel to line current prior to the resonant discharge bifurcation.
Charge built in the ground and then was drawn away by three large short-circuiting filaments (three canyons perpendicular to the river at top center in the image) that shoot from the line current orthogonally through the arc, zig-zagging to touch each filament. This left depleted ground where the linear mesas are, while the canyons were excavated by sputtering.
Two things can be said about these reactive discharges:
One, the current of electrons and negative ions in the discharge – the “dragon’s blood”, so to speak – is a destructive force that excavates the land in explosive arc-blast events. The reactive inflow currents, however, are constructive and build mountains and mesas. One is the inverse of the other. It’s interesting to see how complex number math actually displays itself in Nature.
Second, the reactive inflow currents are slow and cold. They diffuse through the land, changing the chemistry and reforming rock over some time, not at the lightning pace of a spark.
Take another look at the Google Earth image where the resonant discharges are highlighted in green. There are other features marked with yellow triangles and red circles. Let’s take a look at those.
Refer to the yellow triangles on the image. Not all junctions occur as a result of resonant frequency. Some junctions occur as a result of sudden grounding. As the main line current climbs the plateau, it’s encountering hot, dry deposits of sand over sheets of water. Aquifers are layered below, left from past tsunami’s, rain, or ancient lakes.
The grounding of the discharge happens when the supply line current induces parallel current in the aquifer and they connect, likely at a spring or other feature that provides continuity between the surface and the aquifer. The sudden grounding creates a new current vector.
As supply line current encounters a conductive path to the ground potential in the aquifer, the supply line voltage is affected. The supply line voltage vector remains straight, and a new line-to-ground voltage vector branches away. It basically creates a kink in the electric field expressed in two dimensions on the plane of the Earth’s surface, but it really results from an interference pattern in the three dimensional, multi-phase electro-magnetic field.
A line-to-ground current splits away with this voltage, which is clocked 30 degrees counterclockwise to line voltage in a balanced 3-phase circuit. In a balanced 3-phase circuit, the currents would form a star pattern with 120 degrees between each arm forming what is called a “grounded Wye connection”.
DC bias and a very dirty signal to the current closes the current angle down to the 40 and 60 degree angles seen at the Green and San Juan junctions. The vectors represent Nature finding it’s own balance.
Another clue to its formation is the fact supply line current vector remains straight while the tributary forks away counter-clockwise, but there is no opposing capacitive, reactive discharge evident radiating from the center of the branch, nor is there evidence of reactive inflow currents. These junctions are not due to resonant frequency and reactive power, but to an instability in the electric field created by a sudden grounding.
The effect is to bifurcate the dragon. It takes energy from the ground connection to clone itself, and the clone takes a new current vector.
Wye connections are used for various reasons in high voltage transmission, one being to join three-phased circuits with ground. Grounding the connection allows certain harmonic frequencies, called third-order harmonics, to bleed away without interfering and unbalancing the primary phases. In particular, lightning surges will pass to ground without surging the primary circuits.
Navajo mountain sits next to the San Juan Junction. It is a fulgurite created by negative cloud-to-ground lightning. It looks very suspicious sitting next to the bifurction, but it’s not apparent yet if it had a role in creating the bifurcation, or if it was a consequence. There are striations between the river and the mountain, running parallel to the river’s course, indicating capacitive stresses in this region.
A Dragon Runs Through It
One thing that’s quite obvious in the canyon-lands of Utah, at the heart of the charged capacitor dome, is that the rivers meander wildly, yet they keep true to trajectories along the electric field.
Oscillations in current phase and magnetic fields cause the filaments to wobble and curly-cue. When the branches are in-phase they try to close together on a common, transient current vector, but then push apart when out-of-phase and return to the original line current vector.
In the image below are highlighted areas of extreme current bending and inductive discharges that flare from the bends in flame-like patterns, creating fractal chaos between and around the Green and Colorado Rivers near the junction.
Magnetic fields pulsate and wrestling the currents back-and-forth and create ring currents like the amazing Upheaval Dome – a ring current stuck in it’s own magnetic field which created an induction coil. The induction coil generated a tightly wound, supersonic, plasma tornado.
The center of the ring current is a clump of sharply pointed tetrahedrons aimed skyward from shock waves where the coil’s induction drew the central, supersonic updraft.
The surrounding rim-rock on the right side of the dome is cut by parallel, triangular bites, adjacent to scalloped walls on the opposing side of the canyon wall farther to the right. This displays the channels of a multiple vortex wind where the tornado’s inflow bent into the central updraft of the induction coil. The triangular bites are from standing shock waves where the wind turned into the updraft of the coil. The scallops display the eddy of multiple vortex jet-streams as they make this turn.
The Hall Effect
Returning to the annotated image of the Colorado system, there are two red ovals indicated. The ovals indicate massive downdraft craters caused by the two main coronal loops on the Colorado Plateau – the San Rafael/Capitol Reef dome and crater complex, and the Monument Valley/San Juan dome and crater complex.
Recall from Eye of the Storm – Part 3, these dome and crater pairs were caused by coronal storms which left immense tetrahedral monoclines where the wind deflected abruptly, creating shock waves. The wind’s deflection was due to the magnetic field pinching around the updrafts and downdrafts.
The same magnetic field also redirected the ground-to-ground line currents – the dragons blood, so to speak – due to the Hall Effect. The Hall Effect basically says a magnetic field will ether push, or pull a current’s direction depending on polarity. You can see the effect in these diagrams, where an electric current, shown in blue, is either pushed away, or attracted to a magnet in close proximity.
Because these regions of high electric flux generated strong magnetic fields around them, especially at the interface of ground and sky, it pushed the arc around negative craters, and drew it through positive domes. You can see the San Juan River bend around the downdraft crater, circled in red, and shoot through the center of the updraft dome, shown in green.
Similarly, the San Rafael updraft dome has tributaries of the Green River shooting through its center, and the downdraft crater is avoided by the arc of Green River and its tributaries.
Another example of the Hall Effect is displayed in these images of the famous “Gila Bend” in the Gila River. Note how the river bends south and then returns to it’s original trajectory, as if it’s detouring around an obstacle. It actually is. The current is detouring around the Sentinal-Arlington Volcanic Field, the magnetic field of which pushes the current around due to the Hall Effect.
A similar effect happens in the Grand Canyon, but in this case the river detours to the south twice below the Uinkaret Volcanic Field. There is a distinct, straight segment between the two detours.
The bar in the center is possibly a function of the frequency of the alternating current and the discharge velocity as it advances. In other words the current is pushed away from the volcano while in opposing phase, and pulled back towards the volcano as phase rotates, then pushed away again as phase completes a rotation.
Or it could be an artifact of the way the circuit connects with the volcano subsurface, where it can’t be seen, producing an effect similar to the diagram.
“X” Marks the Spot
The final feature to examine is related to the resonant discharge we discussed in the beginning of this chapter, only this type of discharge occurs in the middle of the line current. In other words, the resonant discharges we previously discussed were at the head of the dragon, as it searched it’s way along the electric field. These reactive discharges shot out of the body of the dragon, due to pulsations in the flow of current.
The “dragon”, at this point is a thousand miles long. The longest recorded lightning strike is only two hundred miles in length. So this is very big lightning. As discharges occur, pulses of energy and bollides of densely charged matter shoot up and down the line current.
When two waves of charge density collide, they interfere, causing a momentary spike in energy similar to a rogue wave, or the pressure waves in water pipes that cause hammer and cavitation. A reactive discharge results creating box canyons to either side, rotated roughly ninety degrees to the line current and forming a “cross”. The reactive discharges are always a proper 180 degrees opposed, and occasionally one of the tendrils will continue to be induced, generally north to form a longer canyon. The Grand Canyon especially exhibits these types of reactive discharge.
Part 9 will complete the description of the Parallel RLC circuit that created the Colorado River, and then describe circuits beneath the crust from which the dragon emerged.
Dragons are real, folks. This chapter may be hard to get your head around, because we’ve been taught dragons are myth. But they are not figments of imagination; they come from the laws of physics. They also come from the bowels of the Earth.
You see, rivers flow where dragons once crawled. As told in countless tales, they are said to come from the sea, and the underworld labyrinths. There are so many examples I don’t think I need to quote more than one – but I’ll save that for later. Go discover for yourself. After this article you will recognize the physics of dragons in the stories of myth. Our ancestors were doing their best to warn us. And yes, dragons are still around. They are just sleeping.
This is a concept some may struggle with, even in the EU, because so much of our theories focus on celestial chaos and the electrical havoc wrought by planets in close proximity. We imagine sparks flying, drilling craters into the surface of planets and moons. And there is overwhelming evidence of that, but that is what happens to rocky planets without an active magnetosphere.
Mars, Mercury and many pock-marked moons display significant magnetism, but it is mostly remanent, a static artifact of the past electrical activity that scarred them with craters. Planets with dynamic magneto-spheres, atmospheres and weather like Earth and the gas giants, and even some of the moons, have internal electric circuitry.
Stars and planets are circuits. Three dimensional, standing waves of current and magnetism living in the winds of their parent stars and galaxies. They are a product of inductance and capacitance, potentials and currents, and the magnetic fields current generates. The matter trapped in these 3-D whirlwinds – gas, liquids and dust, and yes that includes us, is 100% organized by the circuitry.
Circuits are cyclic processes. They produce resonant frequencies where signals are amplified and dampened in patterns of constructive and destructive interference. The atmosphere and crust of the planet are essential parts of the circuitry because they provide capacitance – energy storage and regulated energy flow. What follows comes from simply understanding that the circuit flows inside the planet as well as in the atmosphere, plasma-sphere and magnetosphere, but it is all one circuit, and that is why “things” are so interconnected.
There are feedback loops, oscillations, and high-order harmonic responses that bring order out of chaos, concentrating energy into identifiable, coherent forms. The forms appear all over the place in geology and weather due to the role capacitance plays in the circuit.
In the situation that Earth’s potential is raised (or lowered) in response to some significant celestial event, the crust of the Earth can become saturated with charge. And based on applied science, the most violent discharges in a circuit can be expected through the capacitor. That is because a capacitor builds charge, and a voltage across it that is the maximum of the circuit. And when a capacitor blows, it’s the biggest bang of them all. Hence, we have dragons.
A dragon is a type of discharge event from inside the Earth. It’s a short circuit around the continental plates generated by ground currents beneath the plate boundaries. The discharge is reaching for the other side of the plate – the top of the continental ‘mound’ that is forming around the ‘eye of the storm’, where it’s raining rock, dust and water in a positive ionic mix relative to the current beneath the continental shelf.
Once again, rinse and repeat, this is due to Capacitance. In Nature, capacitors aren’t insulated the way we make capacitors. When we make capacitors for electric circuits, we want their actions to be predictable. The last thing we want is a short circuit. So we insulate the edges of capacitor plates to prevent short circuits from plate-to-plate around the dielectric medium.
Nature doesn’t do this. In fact, Nature builds a continental plate as a big dielectric that is thicker in the middle and thinnest at the edge, sandwiched between a deep ground charge and an opposing surface charge.
The edge effect at the periphery of a capacitor plate is called the fringing field. Think of it as a leakage of charge around the edges. It makes it the most likely place to have a discharge. And if current leakage occurs, it will make it’s way directly to the opposite plate and short circuit the capacitor. Man-made capacitors are insulated around the edges specifically to prevent short circuits in the fringing field.
The continental plates aren’t insulated. In fact, the Earth’s crust at the continental boundary – the sea floor – is much thinner, and it lies over the ground current paths. Telluric currents beneath the crust are rivers of current that create the plate boundaries and their magnetic fields create high stress. So the continental plates are structured not to mitigate the fringing effect, but to encourage short circuits – like a relief valve for the energy building below. Dragons are short circuit discharges from the fringing field of the continental plates, discharging through magnetically stressed regions of the sea floor – fracture zones and volcanoes.
There you go. That is what a dragon is. No “magic puff”, but a ground-to-ground lightning discharge. Energy building beneath the crust tries to release through volcanoes, belching hot molten matter, heat, lightning and clouds of ash. But every lava flow adds layers of matter to to the capacitor plate. The plate gets wider and thicker, and is dancing with surface charge from falling ash, rock, rain, and cooling lava. It’s chemical soup.
Every charged cloud of ash and water vapor forms another chemical soup rising to a stratosphere already charged with plasma. The reaction is plasma storms, of higher ion content than today’s little chubascoes. These storms build surface charge beneath them, on a surface already dancing with energy released from the cooling lava.
And so it goes, charge keeps building across the plate until it short circuits in the fringing field. Essentially the same thing happens in a cloud-to-cloud discharge, where the lightning streaks across the surface of the clouds rather than jumping to ground.
Just think about it, the electric field of the storm is between the ground and clouds. It’s a potential of hundreds of MV, yet much more lightning goes sideways from cloud-to-cloud than from cloud-to-ground.
There is a local voltage difference between clouds that is stronger than the ‘prevailing’ electric field of the storm between cloud and ground. Of course, it’s all one field, but the direction of it’s potential shifts. The field becomes stronger between clouds due to phasing. As clouds discharge lightning, they discharge energy and then rebuild it from the in-flowing winds. This sets up cycles with hysteresis, and two parts of a cloud, or two storm cells get out-of-phase with each other, which creates a huge potential.
The arc closes this voltage gap. The path the arc takes predominately follows a surface conductive path at the cloud’s edge, where the condensate boundary forms a layer of charged particles where droplets form.
The same thing happens in ground-to-ground discharge. The subsurface and surface potential difference is oscillating. This especially occurs if the normal path of conductance is blocked, as volcanoes evolve gas chambers of vapor that choke current flow. These oscillations can spike voltage between sub-surface and surface – amplifying ground-to-ground potential, and draw short circuiting arcs from one side of the continental plate to the other, just like any capacitor would if you stripped the insulation from it’s edges.
How can we know this is true? Because charge diffusion and discharge takes fractal form, and we can identify fractal forms and understand what patterns them – electricity and magnetism.
There is no question rivers take fractal form. Perhaps not every stream of water, because you’ll notice if you pour water downhill, it generally flows straight down whenever it can, and rarely produces a lightning-bolt shaped fractal unless you place rocks strategically in the path of the water the way hydrologists do.
Examine a man-made mountain where natural water erosion is allowed to occur, like the mine-tailings pictured. The water erodes straight channels. But natural rivers, like the Amazon, the Congo and the Colorado River take on the same class of fractal form, called Lichtenberg figures, after Georg Christoph Lichtenberg who first studied them. It is the form that arcing electric discharge takes during dielectric breakdown. Dielectric breakdown is another way of saying “short circuit” in a capacitor.
Dielectric breakdown occurs as current paths form in continuously branching, self similar filaments in a process called Diffusion Limited Aggregation (DLA). Brownian motion in a diffusing plasma results in a random walk, where charged particles cluster and grow in dendrite trees, called Brownian Trees. And rivers, in fine and large structure, from head-water to delta, consistently match the variety of branching dendrite forms seen with electric arcs, branching, in multiple self-similar repetitions.
The process is self-similar over time scales as well as dimensions. A dielectric breakdown may occur over years, or nano-seconds and produce the same dendrite form. Lightning bolts occur in seconds, flashing several times through a channel created by a cascade of electrons reaching for positive ion tendrils growing from the ground. But filaments of discharge in a high voltage insulator grow over months in the manner a crystal grows.
The dendrites expand from a point in ever smaller self-similarities, spread out in ever greater area, or volume over time. They grow in pulses, lightning bolt flashes, as energy pumps into the filament again and again. Until it breaks-through, and establishes continuous current flow, charge advances by combining with, and drawing electrons from it’s surroundings, which alters the surroundings thermally and chemically, creating channels. Each new pulse follows the channels, wave-guided to the old paths, and extending them forward in self-similar steps until it breaks through.
So a dragon may repeat it’s route, over and over again, in pulses that may be separated by moments, or millennia.
It’s the Dragon’s Fault
In these select images of the Colorado River, note how much the river follows long straight line segments. Most people are led to believe that rivers are the result of water simply flowing downhill to the ocean, following the path of least resistance. But it is “accepted” scientific consensus that rivers follow faults, and these straight line segments are the visual evidence of it. So water doesn’t “just go downhill”, it follows faults. The obvious question is what causes faults?
Faults are the dragon’s footprint. Faults are the path of a ground-to-ground discharge. The solid bedrock below is the fused earth from it’s heat, shock-pressure, diffusing charge and magnetic field. It’s faults, valleys and canyons are what I call the “arc-blasted” zone. ‘Arc blast’ is a term from applied science, whereas ‘dragon’ sounds a bit whimsical. But they are one and the same.
The path of the water flow meanders, but the channel it travels in defines the fault line. Water flows flood and recede, build sandbars, islands and can change course within the channel.
A magnetic footprint accompanies the dragon – as countless magnetic dipole measurements surveyed on rivers around the world attest. River channels have a magnetic signature transverse to the direction of the channel, which is what one should expect from a lightning arc. Shores blackened with magnetite is another testament to a past event when electric current flowed in that channel, wrapped in a magnetic sheath.
It’s path is the jagged step-leader shape of a lightning bolt, jumping in straight lines and arcs from point to point, like connecting dots. The path often splits to form tributaries. The angle between the channels provides hints of their cause.
AC/DC – Dragons Go Both Ways
There are several junctions and other features along the Colorado and its tributaries highlighted in the next image. We’re going to explain each feature.
But first, some explanation of what kind of current flows in the Earth. It’s alternating current and direct current both. Alternating current is super-positioned on a direct current carrier wave. Voltage difference is relative, with no absolute positive or negative. This is true of the mineral water, plasma and solid state matter that conducts electricity throughout the system, too.
It’s important to understand because Nature doesn’t work with the kind of tidy insulated circuitry and constant voltage, battery operated predictability that your cell-phone uses. AC circuits oscillate in voltage, current and impedance as the frequency changes. Everything is dynamic, with feedback and noise adding complexity. But Nature manages to make order from the chaos. The reason is resonance. The beauty of Nature is that it allows malleability in it’s shape to find the path of least resistance and therefore balance itself out, like water filling a lake. When balance is reached there is resonance.
Dragons have rules. They have to play their part in the circuit. And the type of circuit they are part of is what defines the rules. The type of circuit the Colorado River follows is called an RLC circuit.
An RLC circuit combines the fundamental elements of resistor (R), inductor (L) and capacitor (C) connected across a voltage supply. Nature has to comply with physics, so logic leads to choosing an RLC circuit model since Nature has all three fundamental elements in it’s makeup. There are parallel and series RLC circuits, and hybrid combinations of those. In the case of the dragon that carved the Colorado River, a parallel circuit is required. The full explanation for why that is will take us into another chapter in Eye of the Storm, but we’ll start with discussing the geometry of junctions.
The image highlights nine junctions in green where the Colorado joins it’s major tributaries. You’ll note they all have a distinctive shape.
Power in an RLC is not consumed by line resistance alone, but impedance, which has reactive, vector components. The inductor and capacitor elements of the circuit have reactance, which opposes current flow like a resistor, but occurs 90 degrees out of phase with resistance. Inductive current (IL) is at a vector rotated 90 degrees counter-clockwise to the supply line current (IR). Capacitive current (IC) is at a 90 degree rotation clockwise to the line current. The resultant current is not the arithmetic sum of currents, but the vector sum, which produces current at a resultant angle from the original line current.
In a parallel RLC circuit, the voltage across each element remains the same and current gets divided. Current shifts vector in a parallel RLC circuit, which is what we see: the river channel splits in two directions, at, or near 180 degrees apart. Keep in mind, rivers flow downhill, but the dragon travels upstream, so a junction is a bifurcation, not a confluence.
This indicates the current bifurcated because line current went to zero, while capacitive and inductive currents – the reactive currents – initiated current flow along the new vectors. The new vectors are 180 degrees opposed to each other, with the inductive current angled 90 degrees counter-clockwise from the supply line current, and the capacitive current at 90 degrees clockwise from the supply line current, creating a junction shaped like a “T”. This is precisely what happens when a parallel RLC circuit achieves resonant frequency.
Supply line resistance goes up with frequency. As resistance goes up, line current is restricted and reactive current increases. You can visualize reactive current as leakage from a perforated pipe, where more and more fluid (current) escapes through the perforations, shooting out perpendicular to the direction of supply flow if pressure is allowed to build (resistance) inside the pipe.
Resonant frequency causes line resistance to go to infinity. Well, it doesn’t actually go to infinity, but it goes just as high as it needs to stop the line current. When line current goes to zero, reactive current shoots out, like fluid under pressure, perpendicular to the conductor. This is because of Kirchhoff’s Current Law that says the sum of all currents entering a junction is equal to the sum of all currents leaving that junction. Therefore, when resonant frequency is reached, line current cannot overcome resistance and goes to zero. All the current then shoots out as reactive current at vectors 90 degrees from the line current. That is what causes the river to bifurcate in a “T” shape.
Reactive power is commonly considered to be stored power in transmission systems. Inductive reactance stores in a magnetic field and capacitive reactance stores in an electric field. In power grids, we use capacitors and generators to provide these fields to capture the energy and return it to the system. Nature doesn’t have ready made devices to store energy, so reactive power simply squirts out, at new current vectors, it’s energy consumed by impedance.
Reactive power is much more complex than water in a pipe. The comparison is meant to illustrate for those who aren’t familiar with the concept. This isn’t the place to review equations, but the basics of RLC circuits and the geometry of reactive power can be found in any circuit fundamentals textbook.
There are a couple of other things to note about the shapes of these junctions. First, they rarely make perfect “T” junctions. Most reactive discharge appears at less than 90 degree rotation from the line voltage, producing a “Y” shape instead of a “T”. This is most likely due to the DC bias in the current. Resonance causes AC line current to go to zero, but not DC. So the resultant current vectors are the vector sum of the total reactive current with the remaining DC line voltage, producing a “Y” instead of a “T”.The second thing to note is that the inductive current path (the branch rotated counter-clockwise, or north in the case of the Colorado) continues in that direction more-or-less straight to the next junction, following the north pointing magnetic field.
The capacitive current does something completely different, however, and it does this consistently at every “T” junction: it shoots south a short distance and abruptly curls east, back to the original supply line vector.
Capacitive current discharges clockwise, to the south of the line current, in a direction 90 degrees from the prevailing electric field in response to a far-field charge build-up. The far-field charge builds in a capacitance response (reactance) to the charge building in the supply line as frequency rises and chokes off supply-line current. But once it discharges, it equalizes charge differentials and the far-field voltage it is responding to disappears. The current immediately turns back to align with the prevailing field – the original supply line current vector. That is why the southern branch always makes an immediate sharp turn eastward and realigns, at least briefly, with the supply current.
This is really important because Nature following precisely a form expected from electrical discharge, and repeating it over and over again, is hard to call coincidence.
If we look at the big picture, and we draw lines to represent the prevailing electric field aligned with the supply line current, it’s easy to see that the Colorado River and it’s tributaries, or more precisely, the dragon that carved the river, is a discharge that follows the electric field in a step-wise manner, with resonant reactive surges that bifurcate into inductive current branches that moves the discharge north into the strongest voltage lane (C), which aims it to the Eye of the Storm in the four corners region of Northern Arizona and Utah.
The electric field is between the accumulating material on the Colorado Plateau, and the San Andreas Fault (marked in red). Why this is will be discussed in the next chapter, but it’s the reason the Colorado is a parallel RLC circuit.
The capacitive current branches all make a brief step to the south, then abruptly turn back east to re-align with the prevailing electric field, first producing the Gila tributary (A), and then the Bill Williams tributary (B). When it reaches the resonant RLC discharge at Lake Meade, it finally found the lane of maximum electric field potential (C), and thereafter shoots east to the Eye of the Storm, centered at Monument Valley, carving some amazing canyons and other features along its way.
In the next chapter of Eye of the Storm, we’ll discuss these canyons, other types of branching, other features, and their likely causes. But before we close this chapter, let’s consider what a dragon looks like.
In myth, references to dragons can be confusing, because sometimes they boil the sea, sometimes they ravage the land, and sometimes they take wing. The discharge that scraped the land in surface conductive arcing also created it’s own weather and induced following jet-stream winds. Depending on perspective, one might describe a dragon as submarine, serpent or flying demon. Following jet stream winds choked with dust, swirling from cyclone to cyclone, had to look like animate serpent bodies glowing with internal lightning.
In it’s early path, it scraped the surface, following surface water laid down by storm and tsunami. Water is it’s conductor. Just as in the atmosphere, water is the conductor. Like it is in our bodies, and plants, and pretty much all of Nature.
Water is di-polar, and in the field of a strong electric potential, the polarity of its molecules will align coherently and facilitate current. It’s liquid, so flows through pores in rock and soil providing electrical continuity across vast stretches of Earth. Earth’s crust is saturated with water, even deserts, but for the very shallow top layers of sand and mountain.
Water provides the “surface conductance” for the ground-to-ground discharge. So that’s another rule of the dragon, to follow water.
But it doesn’t always follow surface water. The storm that drew forth the Colorado, the storm over the Colorado Plateau, was laying down layer upon layer of dry sediments, burying the lakes, inland seas and their drainage. The dragon burrowed into the ground beneath these dry deposits, and followed the water like a tree root.
All along it’s jagged path, on either side the land was pummeled. A dense magnetic field surrounded the current as it pulsed and sparked. And this drew lightning from the raging plasma clouds above, inducing a following storm system of winds, whirlwinds and meso-cyclones that conflicted with the ambient winds, creating shock waves all around.
On the ground, whirlwinds at the maw of the beast sucked tons of billowing dust to wrap around the plasma at the core of the arc, filling it’s body within the confines of a magnetic sheath. It formed a lions mane, or feathered appearance at it’s head as it drew in streamers of dust.
The arc advanced in explosive, staccato bangs, jumping from node to node, connecting dots across the landscape. But heavy ionic matter moved more slowly, being either pulled with, or drawn against the current, as dictated by charge polarity. These horizontal whirlwinds might have looked like ultra-high speed trains racing across the land.
It likely wore an inner vest of elemental conductors, and molten silica around a super-heated plasma core. An outer coat of ragged dust, drawn to it’s maw as it advanced, wrapped tight to it’s body by ferrous material caught in the magnetic field. Shock waves patterned this cloak into diamond shaped scales that pulsed with light and x-rays. It spit lightning and flames in seventy mile arcs, while shock waves boomed from it’s flanks. Sounds just like a dragon, huh? But why take my word for it? Listen to an eyewitness account:
Job 41, verses 12 – 21:
“I will not conceal his limbs, His mighty power, or his graceful proportions.
Who can remove his outer coat? Who can approach him with a double bridle?
Who can open the doors of his face, With his terrible teeth all around?
His rows of scales are his pride, Shut up tightly as with a seal;
One is so near another, That no air can come between them;
They are joined one to another, They stick together and cannot be parted.
His sneezings flash forth light, And his eyes are like the eyelids of the morning.
Out of his mouth go burning lights; Sparks of fire shoot out.
Smoke goes out of his nostrils, As from a boiling pot and burning rushes.
His breath kindles coals, And a flame goes out of his mouth.
Job 41, verses 30 – 34:
His undersides are like sharp potsherds; He spreads pointed marks in the mire.
He makes the deep boil like a pot; He makes the sea like a pot of ointment.
He leaves a shining wake behind him; One would think the deep had white hair.
On earth there is nothing like him, Which is made without fear.
He beholds every high thing; He is king over all the children of pride.”
That’s the bible folks. And it’s not talking about a fish, or a whale. Leviathan in the Bible is a dragon, much like the other demigods from the sea in every ancient tradition.
I committed to Thunderbolts ten chapters for the Eye of the Storm series. This is chapter seven. Chapter Eight will discuss more about dragons and the rules they live by. Chapter Nine will delve under the crust of the Earth to see what’s there. And Chapter Ten will summarize all that we have discussed and conclude this examination of the Colorado Plateau.
In the end, if you read and comprehend all ten chapters and study-up on circuit theory, you will have the tool; wisdom that is, to evaluate your part of the world on your own. Come join the club.
Oh BTW, if what I just described makes resonant frequency with your brain, and capacitive and inductive sparks shoot out your ears, please tap the “like” button, or even leave a tip.