Granite Cauldron – Part 2

In Part 1 of Granite Cauldron, we discussed boulders and their formation. We looked at several examples where the granite displays unambiguous patterns that perfectly match the known behavior of hot, viscous fluids forming drops and flows at atmospheric pressure. We discussed my proposition that this is the result of a massive telluric current. That is, an electric current emerging from below Earth’s crust and diffusing into the crust, where it charged a conductive aquifer near the surface, causing electrolysis and generating heat that boiled the sand capping this aquifer.

To complete our understanding of the theory, and in particular why the ground boiled, it’s time to take a broader view of the mountains themselves to see how the cauldron came to be. It will help if you have also read, or watched previous articles on “The Keystone Pattern” , because that pattern is a definable, predictable consequence of current discharging into, or from the Earth, and will be referred to in this article.

Repeatable and predictable is as close as it gets to proof, right? We’ll look at how the Keystone Pattern is evident and then discuss the plausibility of electrolysis and heat making granite from sand.

The Cauldron

To orient yourself, look at the following Google Earth image, and use the slider to see annotations. The mountains in question are within the lower area circled. The city on the coast at the bottom of the image is Tijuana, Mexico, and above it, with the large bay, is San Diego.

The circles have crosses in the center, and you can see by using the slider, that these correspond to deep cut valleys, and the circles highlight valleys and highlands ringing the cross. You can also see several other circular, cross and parallel valleys elsewhere, but the features highlighted easily dominate the region.

Move slider to see highlighted features.

In the lower circle, in the lower-right quadrant below the cross, is Potrero where most of the photos in Part 1 were taken. A closer look at this area reveals more patterning to the canyons within and around the circle. The next image shows there are parallel, linear canyons in the upper right and part of the upper left quadrants formed by the “X”. Use the slider to see them highlighted in blue.

Blue lines are electric wind vectors, red is Marklund current rotating up, green indicates sputtering due to ground-charge saturation.

These canyons were cut by electric winds driven by reactive currents on the ground. Reactive currents are induction currents in the electromagnetic field surrounding a discharge. Reactive currents are at 90 degrees to the primary current discharging, so this is a pattern of currents and winds hugging the ground and flowing into, away from, and circling around the center of a discharge coming out of the Earth at the center of the “X”.

The annotation indicates in red where the winds twisted and lifted into a tornado along the left-hand of the cross, and opposite on the right is an area shaded green where electrical sputtering took place, leaving a large, flat bottomed valley. Both of these, and the linear winds are predicted by the Keystone Pattern.

As are the lower quadrant winds, which the canyons show blew radially away from the “X” in the left quadrant, and blew circumferentially around the “X ” in the right quadrant.

Tornado = Marklund Current

In the next annotated Google Earth image, the slider shows yellow and orange annotations where shock waves left tetrahedral patterns. The orange tetrahedrons were from supersonic winds exiting the tornado.

Tornadoes are a class of weak plasma discharge known as a Marklund current. It is, in fact, a coaxial circuit from cloud-to-ground with a positively charged current spiraling up on the outside, which is the dusty part of the tornado we see, and there is a central downdraft of negatively charged current. It’s this central downdraft that blows out from the bottom of the tornado at supersonic speed that caused standing-wave tetrahedrons to form in it’s blast zones in the left quadrants.

We don’t notice this outflow wind in the puny little tornadoes seen today, because a) nobody is looking for it, and b) it’s overwhelmed by the positively charged bulk of dusty wind being drawn into the rising outer rotation. But in the amped-up, high pot electric storm that made this tornado, the negative outflow was substantial and carved into the ground to slip beneath the spiraling positive inflow, and that is why it’s marks can be found on the landscape.

The yellow annotations are from shock waves caused by arc-blast from a ground hugging discharge that formed the cross, highlighted in red. This filament of arcing discharge heated and vaporized everything in it’s path, and the explosive wind of expanding gas left shockwave separation bubbles that formed these tetrahedrons.

Because the pattern indicates winds circulated counter-clockwise, the right hand rule says the current was coming out of the Earth. The winds followed the charge distribution on the ground, which was patterned by reactive currents. Reactive currents are currents induced by the electromagnetic field that surround the vertical discharge current. They are sometimes called eddy currents.

As the discharge circuit sparks the E-M field rotates, creating an interference pattern on the ground between magnetic induction and electric field induction, which are at 90 degrees to each other at the center of the discharge.

All of the features shown can be found in craters and mountains all over the planet, and some other planets, because it’s what electricity does. It’s a predictable, repeatable, fractal, naturally occurring proof that we live in an electric universe and, like us, gravity is just along for the ride. But more specific to the boulder cauldron, this pattern confirms that electrical charge welled from the Earth, with it’s charge concentrated at the center of the “X”.

“X” marks the spot. The magnetic field forms the ring around it. But magnetism takes time to develop, so is out-of-phase with the electric field allowing hysteresis into the circuit, and standing waves result. Each quadrant exhibits a particular shape of charge distribution as the E-M field modulates, as leading and lagging induction currents form and the dominating force shifts from the magnetic to electric field.

This pattern is just an interference pattern like the bars of light produced in the famous “two slit” experiment. It is more complex, because it involves multiphase, alternating electric current and magnetic fields which are things that have stumped consensus science for the past century. This pattern should be well understood and well recognized, but it’s not, even by electrical engineers because they don’t dive deep into understanding the flow of energy and ignore the obvious influence of the ether. They use convenient approximations, graphs and models and ignore fidelity in the fundamental waveforms.

The ground-sky interface presents a huge wall of resistance. Current welling from the ground suddenly loses its conductor – all the water and metals in the ground – and meets the high dielectric air. Even if the air was a conductive, dusty plasma, as it most certainly was, the change in density from solid-state to gas presents a huge step resistance. Resonant frequency discharge occurs when back-emf forms, reflecting off this resistive barrier and superpositions – matches frequency – resonates, in other words, like a shock-wave and forces the energy orthogonally from the vertical plane to the horizontal, across the face of the earth, gouging channels in its path due to the fact the energy wants to stay in the ground where it finds conductance, and because it’s arc-blast is an explosive wind.

To better understand the patterning it helps to see the vertical channeling that occurs in coronal discharge currents. Dark-mode, drift, or coronal currents are used in manufacturing to electrically apply coatings; a process called sputtering, or to remove material; a process called electro-dynamic machining, EDM. In both processes there are two electrodes: one giving-up material and one gaining material – a cathode and an anode, – and a circuit through the atmosphere between.

Orange tetrahedrons are from blue tornadic outflow, yellow are the arc blast of a resonant frequency discharge, in red.

Such currents pattern themselves into circuits of two-way, positive and negative channels. These channels are what appear at opposite sides of the “X”, where sputtering occurred on one side and a Marklund current on the other. Positive and negative biased plasma channels precisely as experiment produces in point-to-plane coronal discharge, as shown in the diagram: “Primary Reaction Channels in Coronal Discharge”.

When these mountains were built, the electrodes were the Earth’s crust – ground – and plasma charge concentrations in the clouds – storm. This formed an electric field geometrically similar to a classic point-to-plane discharge in air. The footprint of a tornadic wind and sputtering, juxta positioned precisely as experiment predicts, is worth noting. It’s the same damn pattern as a meso-cyclonic thunderstorm, with it’s rain curtain, down-burst channels, updrafts and Marklund currents located in the same damn places, every damn time. When will these so-called scientists notice?

Close-up of Arc Blast and Tornado footprints.

The sputtering channel and the Marklund, or “electric wind” channel are one and the same channel looping through the electrode. It is a coronal loop, which is the same electrical circuit that makes coronal loops on the Sun. It’s the same electrical circuit that drives thunderstorms and the storms on Jupiter. It is the same electrical circuit witnessed and recorded by ancient people – probably just before it killed them.

To demonstrate how this is a predicable, repeatable, fractal expression of a coronal discharge, look at the other, larger region circled in the first image at the beginning of the article. Below both circled regions are compared, and I have highlighted where the electric wind and sputtering channels left their marks. They are mirror images of each other. The quadrants are simply rotated opposite each other. Both have counter-clockwise rotation.

Northern circled region close up.

Looking closer, one can identify the sputtered region is now occupied by the City of Ramona. Typical of sputtering, it leaves a flat-bottomed, kidney-shaped valley ideal for farming, grazing and occupation.

City of Ramona lies in a sputtered valley.

The Keystone pattern is a set of patterns created by a primary discharge current and it’s reactive currents in an E-M field, and will display at an interface where coronal discharge occurs due to a step rise in resistivity, like on a capacitor plate, or the surface of an atmospheric planet. Like fingerprints, or snowflakes, they are of a pattern set, but no two are identical, because of local influences like the materials involved, which are never precisely the same. A similar pattern was previously shown to form the Laramie Mountains in Wyoming and the Richat structure in Mauritania.

The blisters begin on the Baja Peninsula, and continue up the coast, eventually to become the much more energetic strato-volcanoes of the Pacific Northwest. These southern blisters are still-born volcanoes, whose energy was expressed in chemical outpouring from electrolysis, rather than the explosive convulsion of a sub-surface arc discharge. Even today, the region is hot and boiling, with several hot springs and even utility-scale, geothermal power production in the desert valley to the east.

The volcanic lineament all along the North American plate boundary, and other continental plate boundaries as well, is caused by electric current that runs the edge of the boundary as it drifts from beneath the plate. The continental plates are thick cratons of basalt piled with layers of sediment, and makes a collector plate to current welling from the Earth.

We can deduce this has to happen, because Earth is inducting electric current from the Sun at the poles and Earth doesn’t store it all. We know the crust forms a spherical capacitor in the path of this energy, and the patterned charge distributions that result from capacitance can be seen both in it’s geology and in it’s weather. The Keystone Pattern is one of several examples of tested, or testable phenomena caused by electromagnetism. Shock wave tetrahedrons are another. Tornadoes, cyclones and meso-cyclones are another. The alternating El Nino/ La Nina currents that influence the climate of the entire planet is another. These are all patterns of motion, phase and frequency provably caused by the planet’s own electromagnetism. We can also measure it, in the form of telluric currents and potentials, if we want to look.

The continents present extra layers of capacitance, which means they collect charge. That charge then leaks around the edges and self-organizes in a patterned E-M field, called the fringing field. Current flows in the fringing field, heating things up and wreaking havoc, like earthquakes and volcanoes.

The reason this region boiled and electrolyzed instead of bursting in volcanoes is due to the geometry of the Telluric currents in the fringing field. This has also been discussed before, in “Subsurface Birkeland Currents”. Fringing currents not only occur at the continental edges, but also criss-cross continents along old plate boundaries of the earliest cratons. This forms intersections in the current, called triple junctions, and creates cyclic current loops. There is also feedback input from electric storms, solar storms and cosmic wind. The net effect is the fringing currents are self-organizing circuits with functionality. A circuit of triple-junctions and ring currents with amplifying inputs is the description of an Operating Amplifier.

Op Amps switch current flows, directing current at each junction by amplifying, or resisting it. This region lies between junctions, in the “bridge” of the Op Amp, where the current was held to a lower level by the geometry of the circuit itself.

One triple junction is immediately south of the blisters we’ve been discussing, and can be identified by the Pinacate volcanic field in Sonora Mexico. Another is to the north near Mendocino, California.

Between these nodes the number of volcanoes is greatly reduced and are distanced apart compared to the continuous line of huge strato-volcanoes to the north of the Menodicino node. Likewise the profusion of volcanoes south of Baja node continues through and beyond Mexico. Between there is the Shasta, Lassen and Mammoth volcanoes and a few lesser eruptions, but not with the energy and density elsewhere on the lineament. Not coincidentally, this is also the exact same reach parallel to the San Andreas fault, because the fault is from a discharge inducted between these nodes.

It all makes perfect sense looked at as an Op Amp circuit. The fault parallels the continental fringing field current. It’s at a shallower depth and came after the mountains were built, so came after the fringing field current. It connects between triple junctions in the bridge of the Op Amp, where current can bypass around the ring portion of the circuit. It creates a high voltage/low current situation between the nodes that induced a parallel current. This is sometimes called stray capacitance, because the induced filament is field aligned to the bridge current and it acts like two, thin linear plates of a capacitor. The induced filament sparked, creating the fault and still causes occasional earthquakes.

The entire Pacific coast and it’s features such as the San Andreas fault, the Sierra Mountains, San Juaquin Valley, the coastal ranges including the subject mountains, and even the Great Lakes on the other side of the continent can be explained in great detail by the electric circuits in the fringing field. But that takes us beyond the scope of Inkopah’s rocks.

The Rock

In case you think the idea granites are produced by electrolysis is crazy, please look into how elemental silicon was first produced. In 1854, pure elemental silicon was first produced in crystalline form as a product of electrolysis.

Sudden charge diffusion into a salt water aquifer beneath, or within layers of sand, perhaps still saturated having been dredged from the sea by tsunami, would evolve blossoms of oxygen by electrolysis that channel to the surface. Hydrogen would evolve, too. But being the smallest, slipperiest molecule, hydrogen would escape first, easily permeating through the porous sandstone overburden,. What hydrogen didn’t escape would cling to the sand giving it a positive charge.

The oxygen would follow, forming an ionic flow of current which would heat-up the channel. Electrolysis itself does not generate heat, but the current of ions, free electrons and chemical reactions would. It would boil and superheat the water, perhaps bringing it to triple point, where electrolysis more freely takes place. Oxygen would react with ions in the sand, especially iron. There is every evidence of this, as the rock and ground are suffused with iron pyrite, mica and the orange stain of iron rust. Everything was very hot, but not subject to the explosive thermal shock of arc discharge that vaporizes matter.

Granite, like 95% of all rock on the planet, is composed of silicon and oxygen in the form of silicates, like quartz. Almost all rocks are essentially silicon, oxygen and a small percent of other elements.

Oxidation is a reaction, whereby oxygen, in this case, gives up electrons to become a cation, and another element gains the electrons to become an anion. When iron rusts, the iron is oxidizing because the iron is stealing electrons to become iron oxide. Any metal, except gold, will oxidize.

Silicon is particularly wont to oxidize with oxygen to create rocks. Granite in particular is a conglomeration of the micas, clays, quartz and feldspars listed below.

Major groupStructureChemical formulaExample
Nesosilicatesisolated silicon tetrahedra[SiO4]4−olivinegarnetzircon
Sorosilicatesdouble tetrahedra[Si2O7]6−epidotemelilite group
Cyclosilicatesrings[SinO3n]2nberyl group, tourmaline group
Inosilicatessingle chain[SinO3n]2npyroxene group
Inosilicatesdouble chain[Si4nO11n]6namphibole group
Phyllosilicatessheets[Si2nO5n]2nmicas and clays
Tectosilicates3D framework[AlxSiyO(2x+2y)]xquartzfeldsparszeolites
From Wikipedia:

They are all crystalline compounds of electrically bound silicon and oxygen.

Silicon melts at 2577 degrees F, 1414 C and boils at 5909 degrees F, 3265 C. However, it’s unlikely temperatures this high were reached.

Application of an electric field with both AC and DC current has been tried and proven to lower the melting temperature of silica substantially, even to only a few hundred degrees – temperatures one can achieve in a conventional oven. Therefore, if electrolysis occurred, the electric fields generated would have naturally lowered the melting temperature by helping disassociate the crystalline bonds and liquify it. The presence of water also lowers the melting/boiling point of silica.

Electrolysis is accelerated by heat, saltwater, and capillary action – all present. The reaction is especially helped if the water is supercritical. That could be the case for water welling up from the deep under significant pressure at a temperature that melts sand.

The piezo-electric effect of current in the rock crystal itself would have had an effect, too, amplifying the release of free electrons and literally vibrating the rock. Electrically, granite is an excellent conductor, a chemical sink for oxygen, and, under stress, a piezo-electric generator.

Essentially all the conditions to promote boiling and electrolysis are present, from the materials to the energy welling from deep in the Earth.

To show how easily granite conducts electricity, the following film produced by James Hammond shows coronal discharge across an air gap between a granite block and electrodes. Notice that current diffuses entirely through the granite,, expanding to reach the entire electrode on the bottom. Also note, these discharge filaments are little plasma tornadoes. This may give you some visual clue to what the granite cauldron once looked like.

Video courtesy of DiveFlyFish.

After some time, the coronal discharge begins to eat away the rock, forming conductive channels that starves current from the other filaments and focuses it ultimately into an arc-mode discharge. Jim’s experiment is reversing the process of granite creation by disassociating crystalline bonds and melting and dissolving the rock.

Only electricity can do that – both construct and destruct matter. Interference is always either constructive, or destructive. Which brings up the bigger question: What is your interference pattern – what energy do you project?

We live in a fractal universe of energy and information, holographically presented us from without and within. Look inside to find the universe, because every element of a hologram contains the entire image. Every element of our being holds the answer, if we let the signal through. And, our energy projects tomorrows pattern. The future is in our hands.

So let’s make it better.

Cheers, and best of luck.

Granite Cauldron

Between the Borrego Desert and the pine covered peaks of Cleveland National Forest in eastern San Diego county, California, there is a domain of solid granite called the In-Ko-Pah mountains. The In-Ko-Pah’s have nary a tree; only coarse, manzanita chaparral that springs from chinks in the rock, like the hair of an armadillo. It’s a barren, broken land, forsaken to brooding hoodoos, rodents, snakes and decomposing granite.

Desert View Tower

Place names give it’s mood: “Valley of the Moon”, Devil’s Canyon, the optimistic “Boulder Park”, and “Coyote’s Flying Saucer Retrieval and Repair Service”. Most notable is the “Desert View Tower” in In-Ko-Pah canyon. The tower is made of the native granite, and stands Tolkenesque, commanding a view of the wizard’s cauldron around it.

As a child I remember the tower had a coffee shop. We never stopped, because “…we’re almost there”… there being still two hours away. I wistfully watched it’s golden glow, suffused with coffee and sweet-roll smells, pass from the backseat of a ’50’s Cadillac, a ’60’s Lincoln and two ’70’s Ford LTD’s. It presented a glowing warmth for the traveler, standing high above the road in this stark, alien landscape.

As it happens, I’m living here now. In a rural, mountain community called Potrero, which lies in this ‘cauldron of granite’ region, where I have taken the opportunity to look at the rocks.

What I conclude from observations is that these granite boulders are bubbles of boiled sand. Not hollow bubbles, but solid drops of granite, formed as boils at the surface of a hot fluid matrix. ‘Cauldron of Granite’ is an accurate description, as the energy came from below, and by electrolysis and thermal convection, boiled through layers of sand to the surface, liquifying the sand in the process, like one would melt metals in a cauldron.

As exemplified in these photos, many boulders look like the kind of candy made with drops of molten sugar. A viscous, thick material that quickly cools to form a skin that holds its drop shape, while the inside remains hot and liquid. The shapes are like frozen beads of molten glass.

Bubbles and drops take a cellular form due to surface tension that forms a skin around the fluid, and a pressure/density differential across this membrane. The bulging, rounded shapes suggest these formed in atmospheric pressure, rather than deep underground, as consensus science tells us. There had to be a lower pressure and density surrounding these drops as they formed to allow the free-form shapes, bound only by surface tension in the skin.

We will observe multiple other points of evidence that these boulders are electrolyzed boils, including evidence of how the mountains were formed and how they became electrified to boil boulder fields. In this, Part 1 of a 2-part series, we’ll discuss the Boulders. Part 2 will discuss the Cauldron and what caused these mountains to boil.

As we review the evidence and discuss the potential causes and processes, bear in mind the situational context of the Earth at the time. Earth was in upheaval due to some cosmic disturbance. The atmosphere and the ground, all through the crust, was charged. In some places, saturated zones eroded away, electronically machined by sputtering and arc discharge. Other areas had lower levels of saturation, where charge diffused through the ground and caused secondary and tertiary events at the surface that aren’t easily identified with something purely electrical. Thermodynamics, chemistry, fluid dynamics all conspire to increase the complexity of natures product. The granite cauldron is a display of such complexity.

The Boulders

Examination of the rocks, and the region as a whole, leads me to conclude the granite was boiled as a consequence of electrolysis in an underlying aquifer, where oxygen and hydrogen became segregated and channeled through layers of sand and water. The oxygen channels reacted with elements in the layers of sand, creating blossoms of hot boiling silicon compounds that solidified in contact with the atmosphere; suddenly cooling, re-combining and re-crystallizing as granite, but still in the shape of fluid drops.

Chocolate Kiss Rock

The evidence to back my theory is in the shape of the boulders, which precisely conform to the shape of fast cooling drops and clusters of drops. In fact, the boulders conform to shapes made of melted glass – silica dioxide – which is what these rocks are largely composed of. They do not conform to the expectations of conventional erosion. There is also evidence in the topography of the coastal mountains, which display the clear patterns of a large discharge of current from the Earth.

This differs from the consensus theory which has granite formed deep in the Earth as a volcanic flow that didn’t erupt to surface, but became trapped under extreme pressure and temperature for eons as it’s crystals grew. Then an accordion-like action of the Earth’s crust, triggered by subduction of the continents, caused these granites to be shoved 5000 feet above sea level where they have been lashed by wind, rain and freeze for millennia to produce the polished and rounded, but sometimes square granite boulders that we see.

At least the consensus and I agree there was extreme heat from within the Earth. My boiling drop-theory suggests things pretty much happened all at once due to a high voltage electrical impulse diffusing through a sandstone aquifer.

Boulder Foam

Evidence the boulder formations are boils is their shape, as depicted in the images previously shown, where singular drops formed and froze. While some retained an ovular shape, they dehydrated and contracted as they cooled, often leaving conical or flattened drops. This is exactly what one expects from a hot molten drop that cools, dries and solidifies quickly.

More often, however, one finds clusters of boulders that were once co-joined, like bubbles in a foam. In a foam, bubbles and drops conform to each other, matching shapes across cellular membranes. It’s very obvious the boulders shown in the next set of images are clusters of drops that have dried and fallen apart, leaving matching surfaces where they were co-joined.

Steam and other gasses exited the rock as it cooled. The expansion of gas and steam at the surface contact with atmosphere likely helped cool the surface faster, increasing the surface tension in the skin and causing shrinkage of the drop. As the drop shrank it separated into lobes, which further shrank and broke apart.

Comparing the boulder clusters shown, to the bubble clusters in the next group of images, one sees the same polygonal interfaces, the same segmenting and interstitial bubbles wedged between larger bubbles. The only difference shape-wise is that boulders are solidified drops, not bubbles, and they shrank as they dried causing segmented lobes to separate and fall apart.

When bubbles and drops cluster, those on the interior of the cluster tend to be polygonal shapes. Because the internal pressure between co-joined cells in a cluster is more, or less equalized, internal membrane walls experience no pressure differential and are flat. Outer cells in the cluster, however have a differential between interior pressure and the atmosphere, and therefore bulge. That is exactly how these boulder clusters are structured.

If one makes a symmetrical cluster of five equal bubbles, the one inside the other four will be a perfect cube. There are several examples of polygonal bubbles in the images shown. Singular boulders tend to be rounded, while boulders in clusters tend to be polygonal, especially the ones in the cluster centers.

The squared shapes and flat surfaces between boulders is proof they formed as drops in the atmosphere. This granite has no “grain” oriented in a certain direction, or any other internal structure that would cause them to break in a particular way as a result of earthquake or erosion. The only explanation presented by physics is if these rocks were clustered drops. A child can make a perfect square with soap bubbles. I challenge any PhD to do so with erosion.

Surface tension had to conform to the volume reduction, so one of two things happened. If the skin had cooled and recrystallized, it became rigid and further shrinkage of the hot interior caused the hard shell to break, leaving a sharp crack. If the skin was still plastic and viscous when the drop shrank, the skin conformed around the fluid interior leaving rounded edges. Most, if not all rock structures display one, or both consequences of shrinkage.

Separations that occurred from shrinkage after the skin ‘set’ into a hard shell, couldn’t conform and broke, leaving sharp edged cracks, as shown in these photos. These breaks tend to form an “S” shaped curve, not orthogonal segments.

Drops in clusters, with membranes still soft and pliable, show rounded edges and concavities where drops separated and shrank. These cellular segments tend to break parallel and orthogonal, at specific angles particular to each cluster.

The angles, or dip of the horizontal surfaces vary widely. It seems likely some force was pushing some clusters over, like the wind, or gravity was making them topple. The angles from one cluster to another are not consistent, which suggest variable winds, something perhaps expected over a boiling cauldron.

Another compelling evidence these boulders are boils is the columnar geometry of the largest structures. The segmenting is cellular, as already discussed, caused by cooling, shrinkage and surface tension related skin effects. The columnar shape, however, indicates convection. Vertically elongated, clustered polygonal columns are a known effect of heat convection, called – what else: convection columns. What is boiling? A process of heat convection.

Flat surfaces are left where bubble walls pressed in tall squarish columns, and then fell apart after cooling, shrinking, cracking and segregating. Everywhere boulders are co-joined, or conforming to each other in shape, interfaced with puzzle-piece concavities and bulges, because they were fluid and plastic during formation.

The granite boulders are visually patterned precisely as one would expect a viscous, frothing fluidized matrix to look if it were frozen mid-boil. Compare these formations to viscous drops, bubbles, foams and boils of various fluids and you can find analog formations with these shapes and features.

Look at the sequence of images below, and it’s apparent how the bubbles separate. It begins with a thin crack where a shrinking drop begins to segment into smaller drops – top left and bottom. Then drops begins to separate, and the edges round-off along the seam in fluid manner, like a bubble. And then they separate completely, like water balloons. These are examples of shrinkage when the skin is still plastic and molds around the cooling drop of molten material.

Another evidence for boils are top hats – one boulder directly atop another. Consider a viscous, molten drop where the surface rapidly cools and crystallizes to a semi-solid crust. And then more hot fluid pressures up inside, but the bubble’s crusty skin can’t expand, so fluid gushes out the thinnest skin of the bubble at the very top, thus creating a new bubble stacked atop the old. In the case of a cluster of bubbles, they can stack into columns.

A similar feature is the necklace, where interstitial drops seep-out around the base of larger drops, forming a beaded necklace.

One evidence I consider irrefutable is the “water-balloon effect”. The next group of images is of the same rock structure from different angles. I’ll just point out the obvious. The top, segmented rocks were once fluid sacks, like viscous water balloons that erupted out the top of an older boil and flowed down it’s back before shrinking, segmenting and solidifying.

Opposite the dripping side of the balloon is a concave side where drops in the cluster pressed against other drops that have since fallen away.

Wind, I suspect, flattened and pressed these bubbles together forcing the concavities instead of forming the more typical orthogonal cracks and separations seen in the majority of boulder clusters. The inner folds of the concavities have fluid ripples – the actual impression of turbulent waves and ripples in the separating skin between bubbles. I interpret this as an indication wind, seismic, or some other cause was vibrating the bubble.

In the following gallery are several more examples where drops in a cluster pressed together, leaving concavities beneath overhanging ‘water balloons’:

There are multiple other patterns in the rock that display fluid/drop/bubble behavior. Large waterfalls of rock can be found where a molten mass erupted from the flanks of a mountain and sheet-flowed down it’s side, like a volcanic lava flow.

Close examination of sheet-flow patterns show even more evidence, such as the appearance of standing waves.

The pattern of a viscous river shows where flows joined to form standing waves:

Looking at the foot of the granite flow, it resembles the foot of a glacier, or lava flow:

Perhaps the most compelling, singular example the rock formed as a boiling fluid, and suddenly froze when exposed to the atmosphere is shown in the next example. Here, liquid rock has poured out the side of a pillar and froze like a faucet of running water.

This next photo shows the same thing – a pouring outflow from a standing column:

Pouring outflow spilled down the right side and pooled below.

Like injection molds, the rocks have nubs and tubular pour spouts where fluid passed between cell structures:

There is something to be said about the regularity of how rocks section in proportion to their volume, as if there were a frequency causing a harmonic response in the body of the rock. It could be a seismic vibration from the fluidized, boiling cauldron itself, or it could be from sonic shock due to atmospheric winds. It’s also possible that the piezoelectric effect of current in the crystallizing skin of the boils caused vibration.

Many questions remain to be answered about how this rock formed. The atomic and chemical reactions are complex given the unknown amounts of current and potential involved, the profusion of elements involved and the unknown state of Earth’s atmosphere. Even Earth’s orbit and what it orbited around at the time these rocks formed is unknown.

One thing for sure, however, these rocks formed in atmospheric pressure. There is no possible way these shapes were produced while confined deep underground. Nor is it possible they were produced by any form of erosion. The forms were caused by a viscous, plastic fluid confined only by surface tension. Their shape is self evident. There is no argument that can be made to deny it. They look like drops and bubbles because they are.

There is a reason boulders boiled from the Earth east of San Diego. To understand how this happened, Part 2 of the Granite Cauldron will look at the mountains themselves and how they formed.

Shine On, You Crazy Diamond!

This week I received the news of Wal Thornhill’s passing. I wish to pay tribute with this article. Wal was a mentor to us all in the most important field of all – the true nature of our universe. Wal’s many theories and predictions succeeded because he sought the truth. Not for credentials, funding, accolades, or power; he sought the truth for the sake of knowing – as we all should. It’s the true intent of science. It’s a true source of joy.

I began this article, weeks ago, to discuss the truth. It was never intended to be about Wal. It was, and still is, about truth seekers in the Electric Universe. “Shine on, you crazy diamond” is an ode to garage experimenters, theorists, scientists and deep-thinkers everywhere who are grounded and harmonized with natural frequencies. But Wal is the epitome of such people. No B.S. got past Wal – believe me, I tested him. So, the title now takes added meaning – as things always do in a fractal universe.

How do you know the truth when you see it? It’s because you recognize a pattern. You trust yourself to know what you are seeing, hearing, or feeling. You know because it resonates within you. A pattern from memory, like a mother’s face, is a pattern that harmonizes heart and soul, and you know. There is no doubt, the instant you recognize Mom’s face, or whoever is your closest, “every bone in your body” knows it. It’s something everyone does. But it isn’t work of the conscious mind. It’s the work of an observant state of being. It involves every sense, conscious and unconscious, mind and body; the whole antenna resonates.

Like riding a bicycle, your mind doesn’t tell your body how to keep balance. It just does – as long as you stop thinking and just pay attention.

When I first stumbled into the Thunderbolts.project, I didn’t have a clue what I was going to write about. I just knew I found the right place. In the first weeks I binged on Thunderbolts videos, especially Michael Steinbacher. I watched all of his. As an engineer with a smattering of geology experience, it made sense to look for electrical evidence on the Earth. After-all, it’s accessible, more-so than telescopes, particle beams and buzzy, high voltage labs.

Michael’s videos led me to an addiction: Google Earth. I’ve always had a thing for maps. There are patterns – always patterns, whether looking at highways, cities, airline routes, or topography – there is a wealth of information in the patterns. Earth’s topography is patterned. I could not put a finger to how, or why, but I could see patterns that stretched for thousands of miles that had no ‘reasonable’ explanation. There were repeating patterns, geometric patterns. Some patterns were similar to other planets, yet others were unique. There had to be a reason. I had already dismissed conventional thinking at this point, of course, and reasoned these features must be electric. We see, plainly, electrical scarring on planets and moons, and the electric atmospheres of the gas giants. So it must be on Earth – but why does Earth look so complex.

I stumbled, again, always stumbling, into evidence of shockwaves on hillsides. It came about because I searched “craters” and found a blog by a guy who was a demolitions expert. He was writing about shockwave features on hillsides near his home and proposing they were crater rims. He recognized harmonic tetrahedral patterning caused by sonic shock because he’ d spent a career in the military analyzing the blast zones of heavy ordinance. He was a man who knew shockwaves when he saw them.

As a mechanical engineer, I have a good amount of experience with such things myself. Shockwaves – yes, but more importantly, I’d learned to listen to technicians like this guy. The operators, the mechanics, the people who are hands-on. If you want to know the process, don’t ask the people who manage it, ask the people who operate it. Beyond already knowing something about “shock diamonds”, I innately trusted this guy knew his patterns, even though he had no academic credentials.

I began searching for these patterns. Lo and behold, they are everywhere. Not only did I find harmonic tetrahedrons, created by compression zones called “separation bubbles”, formed where a super-sonic wave impinges on a surface. I found multiple features of fine detail distinct to shockwaves embedded in rocks, mountains and entire mountain chains. Scalable, harmonic, self-similarity plastered across the global landscape everywhere I looked could only be from one cause: sustained plasma storms.

I finally had evidence, from personal investigation – from a position of knowing – what caused patterns, at least many on Earth, and that we indeed live in an electric universe.

Only a charged environment could develop supersonic winds that could freeze rock in-situ in the precise form of the shockwave. Coulomb force and recombination is the only process that makes physical sense. A dusty plasma environment would accelerate winds to supersonic speeds, rippling the landscape wherever shockwaves reflected and segregating winds by step voltage and ionic density. To produce what I witness on Earth’s crust, Earth’s atmosphere had to be a rainbow-banded chemical soup, like Jupiter’s atmosphere. There had to be several global storms to produce the layers of geology and episodic fossil evidence of extinctions – a recurring nightmare.

And since I’ve written several articles showing the shock features in detail, showing self-similarity between Jupiter’s storms and landforms on Earth, and exploring many other geologic examples of electrical formations and scarring, I know what I’m showing you is the truth. The patterns speak for themselves. My explanations may suck. I may not describe the electric circuit properly, or organize my streams of consciousness well, but the geology is there, Jupiter is there, winds, storms, rocks – it’s all out there to go look at for yourself. The data I use is open source, available to anyone with an internet connection. One can research shockwave patterns, standing waves, separation bubbles, and anything else I write about with a few clicks of a mouse.

You can see the patterns for yourself. It’s the only thing that will invoke faith, because that is what knowing the truth comes down to: faith. This brings me to the point. Faith is how you know the truth. Faith in yourself. Do you believe your lying eyes?

I’m not speaking about faith in God, although that is the ultimate faith. I’m using a small “f” faith to mean conviction in any particular realm, such as the faith one has they can unerringly find their mother’s face in a crowd, or ride a bike. It’s a reliance on all of your senses, conscious and unconscious. You recognize the pattern, and your gut, heart and soul resonates. It feels right. It’s common sense. When you know, you know.

How else can one know they are objective unless they know and trust themselves? It’s an internal thing, to be confident in oneself, and the only way to satisfy that is to see, hear and feel for yourself. Relying on someone else’s word makes one a parrot.

Now this brings to question, how can I have faith I know what I’m seeing when pretty much the entire world of academia ‘knows’ I’m wrong, and that tectonic forces like subduction, expansion and uplift created mountains, plus billions of years, blah, blah, blah.

Because they don’t show you anything but drawings and models. They can’t explain, or even try, the fractal forms; the harmonic repetitions; the phase-angled vectors of frequency interference. Their explanations don’t explain; they describe processes that no one has ever seen. The one thing they never talk about is electricity in circuits, which is like explaining life without mentioning breathing. And if you dig down to their fundamental assumptions that underlie the whole house of cards, you’ll find it’s based on unfalsifiable, “billions and billions of years”, dark energy-type dreamed-up concepts force-fed by whatever humpty-dumps were in-charge.

In other words, to believe them is to trust them rather than yourself. And they’re idiots.

I also know, because I worked in the energy industry, that much of science is political, not truthful. It’s marketing – it’s meant to persuade you, not inform you. This corruption is pervasive throughout quakademia.

If you seek the truth, without fear, or bias, you’ll know when you find it because you’ll find confirmation. It will present itself – you just need to be aware. A week ago I camped on flat “alluvial” plain covered in gravel near the Colorado River. I knew the plain to be a windblown feature created in the arc-blast of a discharge event. It had nothing to do with an ancient river bed as consensus theory would have you believe. So, I began examining the gravel. It was predominately typical river rock, rounded by water erosion as consensus theory goes. But as I picked up rock, after rock, a specific pattern became evident. Many, if not most of the rocks I looked at had a flat side.

One side indeed was rounded and polished, as if washed by sand and water, but one side was flat. Which entirely confirmed my expectation, because I suspected such gravel to be the result of rock rain. These “river rocks” fell like rain after being blasted into the sky as molten glass and reconstituted as drops and hailstones. The ones that were still hot and molten inside, but had a cooled crust, landed like pudding drops, making the flat bottom; and the top exposed to winds, still screaming, made elongated and rounded streamlined tops to the drops. You know these rocks. They’re the best ones to skip.

The flat bottom is the tell. Water erosion doesn’t explain that. The rock rain was a pleasant surprise. I wasn’t looking for it – it was just there where I camped. This happens almost continuously from things as mundane as gravel, because the entire planet is evidence.

One will also find along the way people like the demolitions expert, who’s blog and identity is somewhere in the way-back machine (I’d like to thank and credit him). Obscure blogs and videos arrive in my streams weekly that either inspire new insight, or confirm a prior postulation. Seek and you will find, because that is part of the pattern.

I watch YouTube channels with less than 500 subscribers who know better than professors; people with no academic background but with curious minds who examine magnetism and electricity with products from e-bay. I listen to people with spiritual connections, who’s faith comes from experiences scoffed at by consensus science. I read random articles in the news… find rocks here and there. I live a continuous stream of synchronicities. Information specific to my questions arrives at my doorstep, as if asking the right question is all the invitation Nature needs. The universe wants to show itself to those who want the truth. Evidence is everywhere.

Personal observations led us to know that the Universe is electric. We all recognize the obvious: plasma nebula, swirling galaxies and everywhere the blaze of electro-magnetic balls of discharge called stars. We can see what a crater really is, and therefore lose no sleep wondering why so many are hexagonal. We know, thanks to Halton Arp, that redshift isn’t a measuring stick, and his evidence alone makes the whole Big Bang thing nonsense. We know weather and climate is the Earth’s circuitry in action, and therefore are not shamed by our carbon footprint.

What binds us all is truly electric. The ether flows through us, as the light and warmth that generates the hologram, so there must be a common carrier wave at it’s frequency we all receive. Wouldn’t any creature evolve the ability to ‘hear’ it, given it’s all encompassing pre-imminence? Notwithstanding the uniquely human inability to listen, it seems a natural thing for life to feel that energy. Think of the mysterious animal behaviors, like foreknowledge of severe weather and earthquakes. A pet knowing when a master is on the way home. Telepathic signals are real, IMHO, and they have a physics. One must acknowledge an ether, however, and look inward to find how to tune-in.

In this regard, we are all scientists, by my definition. We each took a look and said that’s electric, because it so obviously is. Recognizing the obvious is critical thinking. Manipulating math to invent invisible forces, energies and matter is, of course the ultimate woo. One can make math simulate anything if you make the rules.

Truth comes about due to intent. Truth is accessible to anyone with the unflinching intent to find it and speak it, because it’s out there waiting for you. As more people become tired of the BS, they will look for new answers. I expect many will find us.

I expressed this expectation to Wal late last year in a few brief email exchanges. He agreed the future will be amazing. He also said keep finding the patterns. Why I think this is a fitting testimony for Wal, is because he and Dave created this environment to explore truth. That is his legacy.

Cheers to anyone who follows it. Shine on, you crazy diamond!

Cosmic Resonance

Proponents of Electric Universe Theory face one, seemingly infinite wall of resistance: the false preconceptions cemented in people’s minds by consensus science. We do not see the cosmos the same way materialists do.

Fundamentally, the cosmos is energy. Energy is kinetic motion, or potential motion of matter over a distance. But matter itself is potential energy – so, it’s just all one thing – energy. An Electric Universe is one of energy transformed from kinetic to potential by standing waves of constructive interference. Matter “particles” consist of holographic, plasmodial interference patterns – standing waves in other words – that form the ether. Each standing wave is itself a circuit of energy, shaped by it’s frequency. The shape of matter conforms to the shape of energy flow, and the shape of matter forms circuitry that anchors the shape of energy. It’s a feedback loop.

Nature’s RLC circuit (approximately)

From our perspective plasmoids are electromagnetic bubbles of potential energy, and hence the perception of a “particle”. On the inside, they are whirlwinds of trapped energy patterned into an infinite, cyclic circuit. This circuit creates polarity, angular momentum, exchanges energy with it’s environment by induction, and maintains structural integrity with a membrane of capacitance. It’s internal potential maintains resonant balance, and therefore is in constant feedback, with it’s environment. It is an RLC circuit.

This circuit pattern repeats, in self-similar, scalar harmonies from the sub-atomic scale to the supra-galactic. Therefore, an Electric Universe is luminous bubbles within bubbles; circuits within circuits; harmonies within harmonies vibrating a constant energy from within, in resonance with everything without.

Electric Universe eyes see the cosmos is circuitry that patterns energy, frequency and vibration. Circuitry is life. The feedback loop is universal. Entropy is energy dropping an octave. Infinity means as big as it needs to be. Gravity is an emergent consequence worthy of study, not worship. And we don’t divide by zero.

Minds that imagine energy as chunks of stuff bouncing around are unlikely to consider repeating, scalable, fractal interference patterns as evidence for anything but the “mysteries of nature”. They have been groomed all their lives to think what matters is matter. They will remain befuddled by “duality” and haunted by “entanglement”. They will disavow longitudinal waves and the ether.

It’s why consensus science can’t explain ubiquitous patterns at every scale in the cosmos, like the Fibonacci sequence, or the Mandelbrot set. It’s just physics, but they try to sweep such evidence of circuitry in nature under the rug by calling it a mystery – as if it’s something beyond science. It is they who have gone beyond science – beyond falsifiability – with dark stuff, wormholes and multi-verses.

Breaking out of the “mold” that poisons quacademia, and hence the greater population, requires more than waiting on it’s internal decay. Although that is happening at an accelerating pace, there is still a need to reorient people’s minds to reality. They need new physical models they can visualize.

Fortunately, great minds have already blazed a path. Their message has just been suppressed. I’m talking about people like Faraday, Maxwell, Heaviside, and Steinmetz. These are names that need no introduction in the Electric Universe. But let’s add one more: Hans G. Schantz.

Hans G. Schantz is with Q-Track Corporation of Huntsville, Alabama, and has written a paper titled “On Energy Flow in Standing Waves”. In this paper, Hans rediscovers the enlightenment of our electric pioneers. This paper examines the underpinnings of electromagnetism appropriately in the context of wavelengths, frequencies, amplitudes, harmonies, and the patterns that emerge as originally studied by the luminaries mentioned.

In particular, this paper explores the Poynting-Heaviside interpretation of energy flow in electric circuits, which basically says the energy isn’t in the copper wires of a circuit, but flows through the electromagnetic “lines of force” around the wires. This is quite different from the conventional concept of electrons channeling through wires. This paper demonstrates, however, that the Poynting-Heaviside interpretation is correct.

This conclusion should be no surprise in the EU community, however it’s critically important to understanding the motions of a dusty plasma in free space. It’s critically important for people who’s concept of electricity is confined to the wires they plug into their appliances.

The convention in science and engineering is to model electric circuits from a “far field” perspective. That is, to measure voltage, current and resistance from point-to-point and ignore how the “electron” travels between. The scientists mentioned in particular, developed methods to approximate with simple math what otherwise was too complex to be useful. But fidelity was lost about the pattern of actual energy flow, and hence the very perception of it, even for engineers and scientists.

The paper illustrates the flow of energy and impedance, in concert with voltage and current, as a result of standing waves formed in the EM field in a simulated two-phase system. Although this is a very simple model, the patterns of energy flow are similar to patterns found in geology created by electromagnetic waves. It illustrates how energy flows like water, changing direction in zig-zag patterns and circulating in whirlpools. These intricate, turbulent motions are ignored by convention. We cannot afford to ignore them, however, if we want to model weather and geology, or anything else, for that matter, in nature.

As we’ve shown in previous articles, plasma storms patterned the face of the Earth by raising a global dust cloud and re-applying the constituents in patterns formed by electromagnetic forces. In other words, Earth is an electro-plated planet. We have shown and discussed significant evidence that supersonic winds molded mountains, leaving distinctive, in fact, unambiguous patterns of shockwaves. We’ve shown and discussed evidence of canyons formed by sputtering discharge. And we’ve shown and discussed river channels formed by ground-to-ground, arc-mode discharge and the evidence of resonant frequencies, Hall effect, stray capacitance, line-to-line phase vectors and other identifiable geometric effects in the discharge patterns. These are all “near-field” effects that are not captured in conventional far-field analysis.

Wind effects, in particular, are patterned by energy and power flow, and hence conventional far-field methods won’t work. A quick dimensional analysis says wind is mass forced to move over distance (energy), over time (power). To model the patterns of dusty plasma winds requires the methods of Messrs. Poynting, Heaviside and Schantz.

On Energy Flow in Standing Waves

Before you click to his paper and die a small death at the sight of many equations, scroll past to the illustrations. Anyone who can see the patterns sees the result of electromagnetic forces, regardless of whether the equations are understood. I have included samples of the figures below for discussion.

Sample illustration from ResearchGate: Sample illustration from ResearchGate:

Energy flows a more tortuous path than conventional models imply. It makes right angle turns, and eddies around pools of impedance into “Z” pattern flows like water in a rocky stream. Just like shock waves reflect off of shock waves, EM waves reflect off of EM waves, creating interference standing waves in odd places, harmonics and travelling waves – transient standing waves. Geologic evidence of wind patterns left by supersonic shock waves, and many other features, confirms that plasma winds filamented into linear, “Z” patterned, right angle and circulating cyclones patterned by electromagnetic fields, as well.

Examine the interference patterns in figure 5 from the paper, and take special note of the Total Energy and Impedance diagrams.

Sample illustration from ResearchGate:

The same type of energy flow molded the Laramie Mountains around the spectacular “X” discharge pattern at the heart of the range. Although the patterns are not identical to the examples in the paper, the angular relationships patterned in the landscape are the same because it was also created by an orthogonal, electromagnetic field interference pattern.

The patterns are more complex than the simple 2-phase simulation, but so was the electromagnetic field of the plasma storm that created these mountains. The storm generated an electric field between the sky and ground at this particular location on the continental divide because of tension between circuit domains forming the Mississippi, Colorado and Snake River watersheds. It was this ‘hot spot’ in the ground that drew a response in the atmosphere by building a thunderstorm – one of Zeus’ finest.

Wind patterns, indicated in blue, show the path of energy-flow along “lines of force” which we now know are interference patterns in a multi-phase EM field. The wind energy travelled in straight-line filaments at angles roughly 30 – 45 degrees offset to the orthogonal “cross”, just like the “impedance” is offset from “total energy” in figure 5, and for the same reason. The ground discharge pattern that made the orthogonal cross presents the ‘ground phase’, and the tropical layer of the storm cell above it presented the opposite end of the electric field, or the other ‘plate’ of charge density in the capacitor, and the ‘other phase’ in the EM field for this circuit.

The cross itself is a discharge between the three ground domains and is anchoring the location and establishing the frequency of the circuit. As the discharge cycled from peak-to-trough it presented a standing wave of maximum impedance/minimum voltage to the plasma winds. Plasma winds were biased positive and the ground negative. Winds were drawn by reactive energy flows of electric field inductance (capacitance) and magnetic field inductance, both leading and lagging the pulsing arc-mode discharges on the ground. Magnetic field inductance drew filamentary jet-streams towards the center of the cross, and then up, into the storm’s center. These jet streams followed magnetic waves, vectored in the direction of the waves motion, perpendicular to “lines of force”. Electric induction drew winds in curving paths, field-aligned with magnetic “lines of force”, as shown in the figure below, and these winds deposited dust where ground charge attracted it in the act of electro-plating.

The patterns formed by a dusty plasma are also influenced by the dust itself. The difference in ionic mix, and the influence of magnetic, or diamagnetic particles might make the difference between a clockwise, or counter-clockwise turn, or a fast or slow wind, or whether it sticks to the ground-charge densities at a shock-wave, or blows right through.

So to summarize, the orthogonal relationship of alternating electric and magnetic fields yields an “X” shaped constructive interference pattern of maximum reactive energy flow, and a vertical “cross” shaped minimum energy pattern of maximum impedance. This pattern is repeatable, scalable and expressions of it are identifiable throughout nature.

The take-away of this paper and what it illustrates about Earth, is the phased interplay of reactive power in the EM field between sky and ground. The sky is reactive, lagging in phase to charge concentrations first established in the ground. Lightning, tornadoes and storm cells are phase-to-phase discharges in a multi-phase circuit, not DC dielectric breakdowns, nor anything to do with CO2. That is why consensus science can’t understand weather.

The Earth, like everything else in the cosmos is a pattern of energy storage and flow. Follow the energy to any answer. That’s how it’s done with, or without math. One can feel energy.

When you add the complexities of spherical geometry and how waves propagate and interfere on a spherical capacitor that inducts energy from the poles, definable patterns appear. Take for instance these images of Iapetus:

Iapetus has no atmosphere, or internal geo-electric dynamic. What happened here was a direct current event, however it serves to illustrate ground currents. What is obvious is a meridian of raised rock, called a dike, running from one pole to the other. A quarter turn (90 degrees) around the moon is a similar pole-to-pole meridian of aligned craters, highlighted by the limb. Another, smaller meridian of craters runs roughly between the larger craters and dike (about 30 degrees above the dike). Each is an expression of charge densities formed by filaments of current.

Immediately, one should notice the quadrangle formed by interference. Here, from a polar aspect, the dike and major crater meridians parallel a quarter rotation apart from pole-to-pole, with a minor meridian of craters between. It is a similar, 3 dimensional quadrangle of power flow as the paper depicts in two dimensions, where the quadrangle is formed by constructive interference and then divided into eight sections by destructive interference (impedance). Each section forms it’s own pattern of charge densities, because each section acquires a different ratio and vector of electric and magnetic field inductance due to phase and frequency differences.

The craters formed on radial currents emanating from the moon’s interior and aligned along these meridians as they passed through the crust. They formed destructive interference – cathode spots – on the spherical field of the crust where energy deconstructed matter. The dike, on the other hand is a meridian filament of constructive interference on the crustal surface that ran like a wire from pole-to-pole. Constructive interference means energy aggregates matter, where positive and negative ions came together and recombined. The energy was entering one pole and leaving the other, but reflecting it’s internal flow into multiphase interference which patterned standing waves of voltage, current and impedance from within to created these distinct, geometrically aligned filaments as a rise in internal energy exceeded the capacity of the body.

Atmospheric planets especially show consistent patterns of energy flow in their weather due to multi-phase reactive energy. The “V” patterned winds on Venus, the magnetic shadow on the Sun, and the continental formation of North America shown below, are all the consequence of energy flows from a body that is inducting energy, storing it in layers of spherical capacity and expelling excess through it’s own dynamic electromagnetic fields, forming these predictable interference patterns.

Ground charge densities caused shield volcanoes to lay the continent’s foundations on Earth, and weather layered sediments on top, shaped by the same reactive energy flows and interference patterns because the plasmodial circuitry in Earth, Venus and the Sun are very similar. These patterns come and go. Other patterns emerge. Nothing is constant. But the patterns recur. They are interference patterns from internal circuitry that has it’s own cyclically operating switching mechanism.

It’s obvious, if you think about it, assuming you accept electrical formation in the first place, that Earth’s land masses must be patterned by forces from within. If they were not, how would diffuse energy from space create the complex geography we see? By applying the same physics described in this paper, one can determine fine detail about geology on Earth.

The cycles of catastrophe in Earth’s past left patterns of plasma winds, sputtering and arc mode discharges, shock waves and fringe effect currents around the continental plates, all patterned by Earth’s own energy flow. Each episode laid a new layer on the old. Each layer, if properly interpreted, will yield a clear picture of what happened. Were there comets and asteroids colliding with Earth in cyclic patterns of recurrence? Or did Earth switch it’s circuit patterns periodically, perhaps due to Solar influence? These are answerable questions. In the same way one can interpret prevailing wind patterns from the shape of a sand dune, one can interpret virtually any hill, or dale on the planet. A record is retained in Earth’s geology like a holograph, because it was formed by standing waves.

Now, thanks to the work of engineers and scientists, like Hans G. Schantz, who are brave enough to challenge the consensus, we have the beginning of models to re-interpret our world. We can go to work re-writing science.


The Keystone Pattern

Gareth Samuel is a science educator and frequent contributor to the Thunderbolts Project. He also produces an outstanding video series on Electric Universe theories that aims at the very heart of science. He chose the perfect title for his YouTube channel: “See The Pattern”. If a repeating pattern emerges from Nature, we should recognize it as significant. To truly understand it, we should be able to explain it’s cause and effect and reproduce it. Seeing the pattern and discovering it’s cause and effect is what science is. The “proof” is in recreating the pattern. Not by subjectively programmed and data-fixed mathematical models, but by physical demonstration of the physics involved.

This essay presents a challenge for those with a knack for playing with electricity. I’ll show you a pattern. I call it the “Keystone pattern” because it is a pattern of “key” significance. It’s effect can be found in geology, so it’s written in “stone”. It is a pattern that results from electrical discharges. I will show you this pattern and explain it in the best, plain-language detail I can. Then it will be up to you to reproduce it. It shouldn’t be hard.

In fact it’s been done before. You may know the pattern as the “crooked smile” if you’ve followed the Electric Universe for several years. Michael Steinbacher and Billy Yelverton produced the pattern in image shown. I believe it was Michael that called it the “Crooked Smile”. I’m giving it the “Keystone” name because the “smile” is only part of the pattern.

“Crooked Smile” aka “Keystone Pattern”

Michael intuitively understood this pattern was the result of a multi-phase discharge. He was trying to reproduce the shape of Valles Marinaris on Mars. He assumed, correctly, that by creating a discharge in Billy’s laboratory with the proper set-up, they could reproduce Valles Marinaris, and they did. Unfortunately, they didn’t explain their experimental set-up, so we’ll have to guess.

My guess is they laid a metal plate on a table, to form one electrode. They covered the metal plate with a dielectric plate, probably glass or plastic, to add resistance and enhance the reactive power. Then they hung another electrode a few inches above the plate and covered the plate in sand.

I believe they then took two leads from a 3-phase power source, stepped them to high voltage and connected one lead to the plate and one lead to the hanging electrode, creating a point-to-plane electric field between two out-of-phase circuits.

The pattern is caused by electrical induction currents that spread out in the horizontal plane from the vertically oriented, multi-phased discharge between the electrodes. These type of induction currents are called “reactive power” currents. You can think of it like aiming a firehose at the floor. The stream of water from the nozzle is an analogy for the vertical discharge current. In terms of electricity, we call that real power, because it’s going where we want it. The water that splashes from the floor are reactive currents, or reactive power currents in the case of electricity., that are splashing across the electrode plate.

The stream of water hitting the floor is like electrical current hitting resistance. Reactive power is the energy of currents that get re-directed by resistance. The “splash pattern” that reactive power makes is peculiar, and very specific to electro-magnetism. Unlike water that splashes away vectored by kinetic energy and gravity, an electric current generates moving electric and magnetic fields that vector its reactive energy. So, it generates a repeating fractal pattern. Reproducing it in the lab is as compelling as scientific evidence can get.

It’s also compelling when you can find it in Nature over and over again. We are going to use it to identify several electrical craters here on Earth, and doing so dispel the silly notion that Earth has been bombarded by asteroids and comets. Here is the Keystone pattern:

Keystone Pattern

The pattern occurs over the duration of the discharge, while it is in contact with the ground and making a complete circuit. Over time, the voltage vector of reactive power shooting out from the focal point, rotates around the pattern like the second hand of a clock, pointing to all points on the compass, only it sweeps around counter-clockwise instead of clock-wise. The current that follows this voltage vector lags behind it, like the minute hand of the clock chasing the second hand, but never catching up.

At the same time magnetic fields are pulsing outward in concentric waves from the focal point and inducing current to follow it. This sets-up an interference pattern of positive and negatively charged regions around the circle formed by the induced currents, where the sand grains which also carry charge are either attracted or repelled. It is much like a cymatic pattern created by a particular frequency of vibration, only this is caused by induced, out-of-phase currents. Where the charge on the plate is the same as the sand, the sand is levitated away, which is technically called sputtering, to region of opposite charge where it sticks to form a mountain.

The Red Cross – represents primary reactive currents that “splash” at particular vectors from the discharge focused at the center of the X. C is a filament of electric induction, or capacitive reactive current. L is a filament of magnetic induction reactive current.

The Green dashed circle – represents “stray capacitance” generated in concentric rings around the focus of the discharge by magnetic fields. These are rings of step-potentials expressed as hills and valleys, mountains, or crater rims in geologic formations.

The Blue Lines are the “crooked smile” and portray induction currents following the electric, or magnetic fields, or both.

On the left hand quadrant formed by the Red X, electric field induction dominates and the current flows straight to the encircling ring and makes a 90 degree turn to follow parallel to the ring, because the capacitor ring is a standing potential wave in the electric field.

The quadrant on the right is the magnetic induction dominated region, so current streams out perpendicular to magnetic field lines, induced by the magnetic field. These lines intersect the green rings at 90 degrees.

In the center, through the top quadrant are Bars of Blue. The bars are unipolar winds that drag straight across the focal point of the discharge. They are probably the easiest to identify feature of reactive power currents.

The “crooked smile” is a fractal circuit pattern of capacitive and inductive eddy currents in these particular quadrants of reactive power. The direction of current flow can go either way, depending on polarities, so I don’t usually show arrows in diagrams.

The top and bottom quadrants are where reactive currents form updrafts and downdrafts. The Yellow Star in the top quadrant is a downdraft current, and the Pale Green Swirl in the bottom quadrant is an updraft. These would be tornadoes and downbursts of plasma wind and lightning. They generally leave circular patterns of depressions, or hills. The next image shows the same features more fully annotated.

Note how the right-side magnetic induction currents (IL) meet the encircling capacitance at 90 degrees, while the on the left, capacitive induction currents (Ic) bend 90 degrees to parallel the encircling capacitance. Note also that the upper half of the right and left quadrants are more inductive, with tendrils crossing perpendicular to the encirclement, and the lower halves are more capacitive, with parallel flows. The left, or capacitive quadrant will sometimes develop “Z” shaped currents, with current alternating it’s vector between magnetic and electric fields.

The top and bottom quadrants produce up and down currents (through the page) that encircle the crux of the discharge in a ring, or toroidal current. The Yellow Star and Green Swirl are the face and footprint of this current. For those interested in math and fractals, phasors are calculated with complex numbers. The complex numbers have irrational number multipliers in the equations that apply to these top and bottom quadrants. So it can be said that weather is irrational.

The action of eddy currents is better understood with the following .gif illustration that portrays the magnetic flux generated by the discharging current. The left-hand side of this ‘compare’ image shows the field lines of magnetism created along the ground plane at 90 degrees to the discharge. The right-hand side (you can slide the divider to compare either side) has black lines indicating the path of induced, reactive eddy currents created by the magnetic flux.

Magnetic field and reactive eddy currents.

I first discovered the pattern while examining the Laramie Mountains in Wyoming. The pattern can make a crater, or a mountain, depending on polarity. I published two articles on these mountains last year. It wasn’t until this year I recognized that pattern I found was the same as Michael’s crooked smile.

Laramie Mountains, Wyoming.

The Laramie pattern was caused by a plasma meso-cyclone – with it’s central updraft representing the real power discharge – or the firehose current – a positive ion current flowing up from the ground into the storm. The ground was negatively charged, and so, positive ionic matter from the winds collected there by static attraction, adhering to form the mountains. The mountains retain the shape of the winds that deposited them, which are in the Keystone pattern.

The pattern can be quantified and mapped with something called a phasor diagram.

Phasors are 3-D graphs of vectors. For electrical circuits, they are used to determine the amplitude and direction of energy flow, or power at a given time. In alternating current, multi-phase systems, there are two or more waves out of phase with each other. Phasors are used to determine the resultant vector for the flow of power, voltage and current when there are multiple waves.

Manmade circuits work best when the energy sent ‘down the wires’ is aimed straight and doesn’t splash. Although some reactive power is needed, unwanted “splashing” is inefficient. It shows up as heat loss, signal noise and can even create plasma streamers from high voltage power connections.

We manage this with physical things like insulation, capacitors, transformers and generators to control frequency and amplitude and maximize what is called “real power”, or firehose power, as opposed to “reactive power”, or splashing.

Nature lets energy splash all over, and it results in plasma winds, storms and tornadoes. It also results in rock and mountain formation.

The next image you will recognize as the Richat Structure. The ‘compare’ image shows the basic Keystone pattern features. Wind direction is verified where possible by the triangular faces of tetrahedral hills formed in supersonic shock waves, and rock dikes (not marked on this image) caused by wind and shock wave.

The Richat Structure. Green should be labelled Stray Capacitance, not Magnetic field. Move slider to compare.

The Richat was created by a plasma tornado spinning like a buzz-saw between two opposing jet-streams. Tornadoes have a down-streaming, core wind inside the spinning updraft. A tornado is called a Marklund Current, and it has a central, core downdraft of ionic wind. That is why tornado genesis begins with a descending column of condensate meeting a rising swirl of dust. It’s a connection being made to complete a circuit of opposing positive and negative current flow.

The Keystone pattern, in the case of the Richat, was caused by induction winds that hugged the ground, being fed by the core downdraft, and blowing out beneath the up-drafting whirlwind.

The next images shows the wind pattern of the whirlwind and the shock waves that resulted from the induction winds crossing under the whirlwinds. The winds cross orthogonally and leave cross-hatched shock features.

The Shoemaker crater in Australia provides another example of the Keystone. The crater doesn’t show signs of rotation on the ground, but the Red Cross of induced ground currents formed a rock dike that is fairly pronounced, as are wind patterned mountains at the Green Encircling ring of capacitance forming the crater rim.

Shoemaker Crater, Western Australia

Induction features can be either anodic, or cathodic. If the ground is charged negative and a wind full of positive ionic matter blows over, a mountain of adhering matter will form. If the negative ground is exposed to a ground-to-ground discharge, it will sputter, or blast earth away and leave a depression. If the ground has positive matter in it, that will suck to the discharge and fuse to form a rock dike. Examples of rock dikes formed by ground currents are shown in the next images.

Anode and cathode features will appear alternately as current passes through the encircling rings of capacitance, making interference patterns in hills and crater rims.

If you are wondering, are these patterns on the Moon? They are not. Lunar craters are from Direct Current (DC) discharges, because the Moon is not alive with a geomagnetic field like Earth is. Earth is a multi-phased circuit, and these patterns result from multiphase Alternating Current (AC) interactions.

There are several craters that exhibit the fast unipolar winds crossing the crater rims caused by induction across the Blue Bar. Here are three in the next collage of images.

Blue Bar induction winds. Pingualuit Crater, Quebec

No one crater exhibits every feature perfectly. Some features are covered by sand, water, farms and cities. Some have eroded and some simply don’t develop in every condition. The patterns develop from reactive currents in both the air and ground. There is, however pattern consistency when several features are evident in the correct position with respect to the quadrants of the phasor. Here are several craters from around the Earth, most of them falsely attributed to meteors. They are the result of a discharge current flowing between Earth and sky. All exhibit aspects of the Keystone Pattern.

Note the “Q” in each ring. At roughly the five o’clock position, each crater exhibits a hooked shaped slash, or other anomaly through the ring. Of course, I’ve oriented the pictures so they are consistent, but note there is also similarity in the pattern of river channels connected to the ring to either side of the “Q” mark in most of the craters. So, there is a quick and dirty way to identify the Keystone pattern. Look for the “Q” with a lightning bolt through it.

Truth is always holistic… we’ve been trained to think our consciousness is constrained to the brain. It’s not.


The Holy Trinity: Energy, Information and Truth

Call it the Trinity of Natural Philosophy if you like, not to confuse with the spiritual. But it is one and the same, in the end, because it is all one circuit. The Holy Trinity is Energy, Information and Truth. That is what physics comes down to.

Fundamentally, energy is the thing physics examines. We examine it, fundamentally, by understanding the information carried in its amplitudes and wavelengths. One could say, energy, and it’s transmission in analog wave-forms constitutes information – or energy equals information – full stop. And finally, there is only one true interpretation of the waveforms. We call that the Truth.

Hence, Energy motivates, waveforms transmit as Information, and Truth is the hoped-for consequence – the Holy Trinity of physics. That’s one meaning anyway. The other meaning is God, and the Trinity of Father, Son and Holy Spirit. And as I said, they are one and the same. So let’s not beat around the burning bush, this essay is a proof of God – and physics.

There is a silent axiom to Electric Universe cosmology. That is, that the cosmos, in it’s entirety, and in it’s every part, is a circuit. We say “everything is electric”, but what that intrinsically means is that “everything is a circuit”, because one is the other. And one can readily relate at any scale, such as the fact that we humans are a complex, biological network of electric circuits that act and think as independent entities; or that a thunderstorm is an electric circuit; that the actions of energy at the quantum level display the “interconnectedness” of circuitry; same thing at the scale of the Solar System, the galaxies, the cosmos – circuits nested within circuits.

These self-similar patterns go on, right into the rocks of Earth, because the sub-atomic particles that form the atoms that form the crystals in rocks, like all matter, is made of standing waves of energy. The irreducible “particle” is not a product of “duality”, but of one thing: energy, trapped in a 3-dimensional circuit we call a plasmoid. The illusion of matter is a standing wave of energy, trapped by capacitance in a circuit. E=Mc2. Stop the energy in a standing wave and you get matter. It’s a phase change. Matter emerges from energy. It’s “condensed” energy created by capacitance in the circuit. This is just physics, folks.

Capacitance generates an electric field in opposition to the circuit it’s in, and interrupts the flow of energy, making a standing wave of energy. A plasmoid is a whirling dervish of energy, but it cocoons inside it’s own magnetic field, and shelters like a snail inside shells of spherical capacitance. It’s an electric bubble with a skin of capacitance and looping, magnetic braids of hair. Like a bubble in the wind, or a snail in the sea, it is in constant feedback with it’s surroundings.

It has it’s own internal electric field encapsulated within its spherical capacitance, which resonates with the ambient electric field. It is, in electrical terms, called an electret. An electret inducts energy from it’s surroundings with it’s magnetic field, stores it and sends it back in an open circuit fashion, the spherical capacitance being the means of storage. Hence, it is both an independent circuit of standing waves (a particle) and part of an ambient, or parent circuit that is in constant feedback with it, because it’s a part of the parent waveform, like a baby in a womb, a bubble in the wind, or a snail in the sea.

A circuit is an entity whos actions remain coherent with the energy of its parent circuit. Like Escher’s picture of the hands drawing hands, the actions of one influences outcomes in the other. Every circuit is fed energy from the parent circuit, does work for the parent circuit, and what energy it loses to entropy is re-organized in the parent circuit.

It has mass due to the dielectric energy trapped in spherical capacitance, and hence cannot exceed the speed of light. But energy can. And the energy of the plasmoid always resonates with the energy that created it, because it retains that sheet music of frequencies. It always echoes it’s parent’s energy. We call that quantum entanglement; interconnectedness; spooky action at a distance; “as above, so below”; the metaphysical, or if you don’t understand it, duality.

Circuits are why we see repeating self-similar patterns everywhere in Nature. Because circuits in Nature self-organize in fractal patterns of magnetic and electric induction as the flow of energy tries to balance itself with changing electromagnetic fields. The polarizing forces of electricity and time dependent, feedback-inducing magnetism play the same games again and again, like football players with a set piece of plays. They may switch-up the order of play, advance the ball in one instance, lose the ball to the opposition in another, but the motion of the players running set plays with the same boundary conditions, regardless of order or the other team’s feedback, over time begins repeating similar patterns.

The patterns are governed by the mathematical rules of dipoles, phase angles and frequency, yielding such “mysteries” as finding the golden ratio everywhere in Nature. Granted, much feedback, noise and destructive interference confuses the signal and results in chaos, which can’t be called simple. It’s only simple if you stay focused on root cause, and you ask questions pertinent to the truth.

Fractals are not just three dimensional geometries. They unfold over time, and so, are four dimensional “space-time” topographies. That is why history seems to repeat itself. It is why we are all OCD to some degree.

Besides being fractal, circuits think. Circuits cycle, they switch current paths, change frequency, amplify, cancel, resonate, calculate – not of their own accord, but in feedback with their environment. They receive and transmit with the bigger circuit they reside in. There is always the bigger circuit. It does not control, but influences, as does any circuit feedback.

We are such bubbles of circuitry. Bundles of organic matter pulsed with plasma and electric impulses. Our complex collection of cells, gut flora, and structured fluids are, in fact, a bundled harmony in constant feedback with the environment. My daily melancholy rises with every sunset, amplifies on Sunday, and peaks in the winter. Mountains are mournful, deserts are dreamy, I am puny in the face of a storm and deep water is terrifying. Synchronicities fill my life. There are no coincidences. What are these moods? Why does this happen?

Let me give you a hint: it’s not because of gravity. We are intimately, and sensitively interconnected to all around us. Unfortunately, many people limit their senses to the ones consensus science tells them to use. We have capabilities to sense beyond those recognized by the consensus. Our entire bodies are antennas to the frequencies around us, regardless of whether we are conscious of them or not. One can acquire better awareness. Considering all the frequencies in the cosmic bandwidth, and all the possible harmonies that could result, it boggles the mind what intelligence must reside around us.

Energy is what motivates. It travels in frequencies and amplitudes. Frequency and amplitude is raw information at it’s fundamental, irreducible level. Therefore it is the irreducible Truth. Knowing the Truth is the consequence of resonating with the cosmos and comprehending. That, and only that signal is the whole truth, any other signal is disinformation. Hence, there is only one truthful signal, and that is direct from the parent circuit.

There can be only one complete circuit that includes all circuits, that encompasses all energy, time and space, and knows the conduct of every minor circuit loop within it. Call it what you want, but God works for me.

That is why one can only know God in a personal way, where you speak directly with Him. No priest, pastor or Angel, let alone scientist, politician, or media can do it for you; they can only pollute His message. God is the Cosmic waveform that we are in feedback with. He is the Alpha and Omega, beginning to end, the entire circuit and all energy that suffuses the space and time it encompasses. You are either receiving and transmitting in constructive resonance, or you’re not.

It really breaks-down the whole cosmos to a black and white contrast between good and evil. Your transmissions create either constructive, or destructive interference that amplifies the cosmic waveform, or defies it. No one ever gets it perfect. You always have the opportunity to try.

This is why Truth is Devine. Finding the truth, about anything, is to do God’s work. To relentlessly pursue truth for the sake of truth is to follow God’s path. This I know, having fallen-off path a few times.

They say God is love, but there is no true love without truth. Respect for the truth is the essence of love and empathy for your fellow man, your society and yourself. And therein you find God. It is true He is love, because love is truth.

That is the Trinity. God is Energy, Information is the Holy Spirit that informs our path through life, and Truth is Christ, the human embodiment of unflinching truthfulness in the face of constant evil – the Satan of deceit. Christ is God’s model for us to follow. Energy = Information = Truth, the Holy Trinity. I hope that clears things up.

This comes to me because of my father. I was pondering his death, which occurred many years ago, and how my Mother had concern over his salvation. Dad never shadowed the doorway of a church, except for funerals and weddings. He did not worship. In spite of my Mother’s strong Southern Baptist beliefs, my father, like myself at that time, was agnostic. So, I know it wasn’t that he was an atheist, he just didn’t feel he had enough information.

As my knowledge has grown, my mother’s wisdom has caught up to me. This caused me to wonder if my fathers doubts about cosmic provenance might impede his ascendance to the higher networks of nested circuitry. I realized that it could not, because my father had faith in truth, above all else. He may not have lived to learn the ugly truths we are learning now, but his pursuit of truth was sure. Faith in truth is faith in God. If one knows God, one recognizes the truth.

Faith isn’t a matter of convincing yourself to believe something. It’s coming to the truth, about yourself, what you’ve done, or not done, and making a commitment to follow the truth, and take responsibility for it like a human being, not a slinking alley-cat. Belief comes from knowing your energy is devoted to the path of truth. That path, and that path alone will reward the follower with eternal life. Anything else leads to eternity in a labyrinthine cul-de-sac of deceit.

Atheist’s ask why we believe, but they don’t question why they doubt. It’s because they just can’t handle the truth.


Shock Waves: Why they are important

Immanuel Velikovsky described worlds in collision, and correctly identified the physics of such interactions. They are electric. He was informed by classical physics, such as the work of Christian Berkeland, who half a century earlier discovered the polar aurora is Earth’s electrical connection to the Sun. Today, the Electric Universe community carries theories of an electric cosmos forward, it having been abandoned long ago by mainstream consensus in favor of no Aether, and a miraculous big bang.

We are at odds with consensus science beliefs. Besides the obvious, fundamental disagreements about Aether and gravity, and the plethora of differences flowing from that, we also have a fundamentally different way of addressing scientific inquiry. The examination of shock waves provides an example worth discussing.

Non-volcanic mountains all over the world were laid in place by winds and electric currents. I can’t confirm each and every hillock, but by and large, the mountains around you, wherever you are, were made by wind. They were plasma winds, charged with ions and free electrons, laden with dust and water vapor that carried the current within. Each wind-stream was a current. The dust and water was also charged. Dust was part of the plasma, and amplified it’s effects.

The ground was charged, too, as currents welled from the Earth like springs of water. In fact, much of Earth’s currents are carried by water, so springs of water and current were one and the same. Everything, or at least almost everything was charged in that environment; when the creation of Earth as we know it, with the basic shape of the continents we have now, occurred.

Now this brings up the first big difference we have with consensus science. Consensus science sees a collection of ions as a collection of charged particles that will ultimately recombine and form neutral matter. They either dissect it’s behavior into quantum probabilities, or address it as a bulk entity and ignore it’s inner workings. Either way, they miss the big picture.

We see a collection of ions as a circuit. It is a self organizing body, called plasma, that organizes through the actions of it’s frequencies, interference patterns and feedbacks. It forms membrane walls by capacitance, takes life from currents within, is motivated by electric fields, and reacts in feedback to it’s surroundings with magnetism. That organization is called circuitry. That is why geology, if looked at as part of Earth’s circuitry, totally makes sense. The patterns of circuitry between the earth and sky are evident.

This can be proven simply by looking at the result of shock waves on Earth produced by the plasma winds. The highly ionized plasma winds were supersonic and therefore made shock waves. The shock waves acted as wave guides for dust and current, piling the dust and fusing it into mountains.

To recognize this, all one need do is compare mountains of scientific results from supersonic wind tunnel tests to the tetrahedral shapes of mountains. The tetrahedral shapes, as well as numerous other geologic configurations in mountains, can be shown to be the result of shock waves. The morphologies – shape and composition of mountain features – can be shown to precisely match that of shock waves – and shock waves can be shown to produce the morphology of mountains, empirically.

It is a visual correlation. No math is needed. Of course, a thorough scientific inquiry would include forensic analysis to establish data on the energies involved, the wind speeds and the densities, chemistries and voltages. From this, mathematical models could be made to test and confirm the physics. However, that really isn’t needed to understand the basic circuitry.

Circuitry is a pattern. It is the pattern that informs us, not the math. We already have the math. It is the math of electromagnetism and magneto-hydrodynamics. The links between pattern and math are already known. With regards to shock waves and geology, the patterns are on the landscape to be analyzed. All that is lacking are people educated in the right sciences and willing to get the data and apply the math. Unfortunately, our small community doesn’t yet have such people.

It seems most people schooled in the right sciences prefer to have a career, and a prerequisite for that is accepting the consensus. There are geologists and earth scientists in the EU community (mostly retired people who don’t need a job and have the luxury to seek truth) who have some of the training to apply, but they don’t have backgrounds in aerodynamics. I have yet to hear from anyone who really understands shock waves.

We have electrical engineers who understand circuits, but only when they are contained by wiring and insulation. They don’t seem to know squat about shock waves, arc blast, stray capacitance, or fringing fields because their designs and equations are intended to eliminate these things. The plasma scientists who understand everything, can’t be bothered with geology, because the sexy stuff is outer-space. You know how important it is to know what a black hole really is. That will truly change our lives, right? It’s sexy, and interesting, but it’s not pertinent to anyone’s immediate future. Frankly, if I see an article with “Black Hole” in the title, I don’t read it, because I know whatever is said can’t be verified and I’ll forget about it the next day because it isn’t important.

Understanding the Earth, however, would lead to understanding and perhaps preventing, or mitigating catastrophic earthquakes, volcanoes and weather. It would give us an understanding, instead of a political agenda, behind climate change. It would tell us what caused past extinction catastrophes, and whether they might happen again. This is information that matters. This is information that saves lives.

So I’m giving a bit of admonishment to the scientists in our community for not taking responsibility – as scientists – and focusing on what is most important. But as Natural Philosophers we are very good. People like me, who don’t know all the physics, can still understand the cosmos, from the galaxies to the rocks beneath our feet. My own understanding of physics isn’t half bad, because I’m an engineer, but my knowledge should be described as “an inch deep and a mile wide”. My career required me to know enough about electronics and power transmission, as well as chemistry, geology and human psychology to manage a team building power plants. It’s the “mile-wide” that is important. That’s the other difference we have with the consensus.

The consensus requires specialization. The “big picture” is reserved for the few, mostly astrophysicists who, having spent their time contemplating black holes, haven’t a clue about the real world. They live in their cloistered, academic bubbles.

We have people who might not have a high school education, but they comprehend the universe more than those scientists do. That is because they “see the pattern”, and recognize it’s more important than math. If you have seen one Fibonacci sequence in Nature, you’ll always see it. You can’t un-see it, and there is no point in revisiting the math every time just to recognize it. It’s everywhere in biology, geology, chemistry, and the rest of the cosmos. Likewise the dendrites, filaments and capacitor interfaces created in the process of charge diffusion. Just look, it’s always there. So, we don’t need to beat a dead horse. The math is already evident in the pattern. We know everything is a circuit, therefore coherent, and the patterns are the result, not coincidences.

To the consensus, who look at computer screens instead of Nature, patterns can be coincidences, and therefore not reliable. It’s the same thing they say about eye-witness accounts. This is another big difference we have with the consensus.

Just take what I said about water and currents. Current welling from the ground will carry water with it, because water is it’s conductor and follows the current.

And compare with the concept of “fountains of the great deep” as described by the flood story in the Bible:

“In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened.”

Source:, New American Standard version

Consensus science ignores, and even denigrates the idea mythologies shed light on the truth. But we see mythologies as accounts, because we recognize patterns of plasma events in their telling. And this is corroborated in ancient art, petroglyphs and symbols.

Never mind the implausibility of Noah living six hundred years for the moment. The plausibility of earth gushing water while under electrical stress is something we should expect to happen, and we therefore give credence to the Bible and other ancient texts and mythologies as a record of witnesses. And we keep an open mind about Noah’s age, because we don’t know the effect of a heightened electrical environment on life. There is ample reason to expect, from fossil record data, that life exploded after extinction catastrophes at rates Darwin’s theories alone cannot explain.

Empirically, we know electricity can make plants grow faster, as well as crystals. High potential accelerates growth. Perhaps it also extends it. We don’t know, but we can see the pattern integrates electricity and life, and we can see the pattern of electric actions that created Noah’s flood. You can pick any other ancient mythology, of course, because each and every one has a flood account.

Consensus science can’t do this. They blinder themselves. They deny the possibility of the great flood, even though it’s documented by every ancient culture’s mythology. It’s the difference between smart, and wise – woke, or awake, as said in the popular lexicon.

Consensus science is reductionist. They take a clock and break it, then examine each piece to figure out what it is. We just look at a clock and say, that’s a clock, because we take a holistic embrace of data knowing there is purpose and pattern due to circuitry.

Another inescapable difference between us and the consensus is our sense of spirituality. Although, in the EU community ones spiritual belief is a personal thing, it can be said of the consensus that they proselytize for atheism. Their cosmos is a big cloud of particles from which intelligent life emerges as a consequence of those particles bouncing around. Energy always disassociates to entropy, and it’s all rather pointless. And they want us to know how pointless we are.

For us, circuits form life. We are individual bodies of highly evolved circuitry and free will. Perhaps the pinnacle of life in the universe, perhaps not. But we only experience a narrow portion of the cosmic bandwidth. We know there is circuitry beyond our ability to experience, for the same reason we don’t hear a dog whistle, or feel a radio wave.

We know circuitry is intelligence. That is what thinking is: circuits firing in your body, sending, receiving and processing signals. We also know that our internal circuits receive signals from the environment we incorporate in our processes. Feel, see, hear, smell, taste and the other one we get, but can’t detect. That is our connection to the Aether.

Earth is no different. My calculator thinks much faster than I do, because it has circuits designed to calculate. It’s not “alive”, of course, but it thinks. Earth’s circuits think. Every circuit thinks. The cosmos is a circuit. The cosmos has to think. By my definition, that’s God; the Alpha and Omega, from beginning to end, the morphology of a circuit. For me, this is an inescapable conclusion in the Electric Universe. And it came from recognizing shock waves.

It’s my mission to make everyone realize that shock wave patterns on mountains are as obvious, identifiable, laboratory verifiable and mathematically modellable as the Fibonacci sequence is in a pinecone. I have little interest in convincing scientists. I have tried and their eyes look past me. They adopt the blank look of a zombie, because they are programmed only to think in certain channels. My goal is to expand the bandwidth, and provide every person with knowledge you can see in Nature for yourself.

With that appreciation of Nature comes wisdom. When we can all see the pattern, we’ll stop funding consensus science and it will die on the ash heap of history. There is a century of bad science that needs to be thrown away, and a new frontier of science to be explored. One that will actually give us answers.

Cracks in Theory

Every butte has a crack, but not all cracks are beautiful. Though some are magnificent, ruler straight and parallel, some can be ugly, chaotic mangles. But there is a quixotic pattern to ugly cracks, so we must not discriminate. Whether they make lovely geometric shapes, or chaotic mangles, a study of cracks is essential Electric Universe science.

The reason is cracks are interfaces – boundary layers – and electrically, that’s where the action is. To understand any geology, the first thing to look for is boundary layers. Charge collects at boundary layers where it displays the effects of inductance and capacitance most prominently.

To begin with, the outside of Earth’s crust is a boundary layer. Sonic shock waves made the geometry, and electricity made the chemistry. Wind, also motivated by electric currents, made things move – kinetics. Energy came from within the Earth as a release of stored capacitance. That, in a nutshell, explains the face of the Earth. The creation of virtually every mountain, hill and dale on the planet is summarized in those sentences. The devil’s in the details however, so that’s why we are looking at cracks.

Cracks are the remnant of capacitor interfaces in Nature’s circuitry. They are boundary layers between different materials. The boundary layer separates two dielectrics with a double layer of charge – a capacitor. The dielectric difference was due to difference in dielectric property of the material at the time it was laid down by plasma winds. The dielectric properties differed due to the elemental and molecular makeup of the material, and the state it was in at the time. The material’s temperature, density and pressure influenced the material’s dielectric, and shock waves produced sharp discontinuities in pressure, density, temperature, as well as, charge density.

First, let’s dismiss cracks that aren’t part of the electrical circuit we want to examine. Some cracks are from thermal stresses as matter cooled and contracted, or structural as matter shook and settled from seismic forces. These cracks are generally vertically aligned due to gravity. Gravity makes the fracture plane vertical because it’s the path of least resistance, where gravity’s force vector has no influence holding the rock together.

Figure 1. Thermal cracking(?) in massive sediments.

A good example is how hydraulic fracturing is done in oil and gas production. A fluid is pumped into the well bore to the bottom of the hydrocarbon formation and pressurized until the well bore pressure exceeds the overburden pressure. Fluid pressure separates the rock vertically, creating a fissure that extends the contact of the well bore upwards into the hydrocarbon bearing formation. The practice allows access to hydrocarbons otherwise locked away in dead zones far from the well.

That’s just to illustrate that vertical fracturing is predictable, applied science. A cooling, contracting rock will fracture vertically for the same reason that swelling the rock under pressure fractures vertically – Newton’s Laws.

Some cracks are due to lightning. These are certainly electrical, but lightning finds it’s own path. It’s not wave-guided by interfaces other than the surface it contacts, which still leaves much freedom of motion. Therefore, lightning wanders, following conductive paths on the surface it strikes. It may be vertically oriented, vectored by the electric field, but it will generally not display a pure geometry, such as straight lines and polygonal forms. It’s form is chaotic.

Lightning blasted rock often displays shearing, where the blast fractured rock; or melting, burning, or chemical reaction from the heat and charge. A dipolar magnetic signature should be detectable across the current path. But lightning scars are not the type of cracks we want today.

Figure 2. Black, burnt, chipped and chemically altered rock where lightning struck sandstone. Note the lightning streak angle is at odds with the vertical water streaks.

We want to discuss cracks generated by shock waves and electricity at the shear zone between the land and plasma winds, at a time when Earth was embroiled in the epic maelstrom of creation. In other words, we want cracks made where the filthy underbelly of the Ouroboros scraped the land.

The Ouroboros, or the penultimate representation of the concept, anyway, is the plasma wind that wrapped the Earth during key stages of its evolution. Sharp discontinuities in plasma winds caused by supersonic shock waves left imprints in deposits of ionized dust, which manifested as cracks as the dust recombined to form rock. The discontinuity in a shock wave includes density, pressure, charge density and dielectric property, which electrically makes it act like a capacitor. Therefore cracks in rocks are the all important proof of wind formation and the circuitry in the plasma winds.

To define a crack, first of all, means an intrusion, or separation between rock matrices, or the boundary between stratified layers, whether the space between is a void, or filled with material. Therefore, we include rock veins, dykes, shelves, faults, and similar geologic structures along with empty cracks. The difference is whether material was pulled into the crack, or expelled from the crack by electric fields. Either way, the crack was made by shock waves.

That is why there are a lot of diagonal cracks. Also polygonal cracks. There are triangles, rectangles, squares and diamonds everywhere in the rocks, the mountain flanks and the outline of mountain peaks. The mountains are composed of triangles at virtually every scale. These were caused by shock waves.

Figure 3. Diagonal seam in sandstone tetrahedron due to a shock wave
Figure 4. The windward face of a tetrahedron displays the effects of multiple shock wave reflections. San Rafael, Utah.
Figure 5. Frozen in time, off-gassing from a shock wave.
Figure 6. Cross current shock wave interference.

It’s also why they form at particular angles. Mainstream theory assumes rock strata always forms horizontally, and then “uplift” shifts strata into various angles. Uplift is assumed to be caused by the stretching and compression of the crust due to tectonic movements. It is then assumed, erosion from wind, ice, vegetation and rain over millions, or billions of years then polishes the crustal surface into the forms we see today.

The assumptions they make are actually ridiculous. Most rock is very brittle. Limestones and sandstones can break in your hands. Igneous rocks like granite break with a whack of a hammer. If the planet’s crust churned the way they say, under the forces of compression and expansion, lifting and falling, all the while scraping and jostling for billions of years, the mountains would be piles of rubble, not sharply defined tetrahedrons.

Figure 7. Sharply defined tetrahedrons.

Erosion would further break rocks apart, smoothing their edges, rounding their corners and dissolving any geometry they might have had. The mainstream model of tectonics would leave piles of sand and rubble. Yet what we see are sharply defined geometries that accurately and predictably follow the form of sonic shock waves and the separation bubbles they form at the wind-ground interface.

When a shock wave forms, it forms at an angle to the wind’s direction determined by the ratio of the wind’s speed to the speed of sound, called the Mach number. A Mach number of 1 or more means the wind is supersonic. A Mach number of 2 means the wind is twice the speed of sound, and so on. The incident angle the shock wave makes with the ground varies with the Mach number, so it can be used to determine if winds were consistent, forming a consistent angle, or variable in either speed, or direction. If you know the density of the atmosphere, you can determine the velocity of the wind from the Mach Angle.

Figure 8. Shock waves form at angles related to the wind’s Mach number in a standing wave, or the Mach speed of the object in a moving wave.

Shock waves reflect from an interface (like the ground) just like a beam of light reflects from a mirror. The angle of reflection compliments the incident angle. The ground forms a plane shock waves reflect from. Wherever supersonic winds blew, and evidence suggests that was nearly the entire face of the Earth, standing waves formed and reflected from the ground from every channel of jet-stream wind. In fact, shock waves formed whenever a jet-stream wind changed direction, or expanded, or sheared against the earth, or another wind. Therefore, shock waves patterned the winds – the wind rippled with shock waves as they deposited dust and sand – and the deposits retain the patterns.

See The Damn Pattern

Figure 9 compares images of a diagram of a standing shock wave reflecting from a surface (from wind tunnel tests) with an impression of a shock wave reflection in a mountain exposed by a road cut. Every feature of the laboratory produced shock wave is evident in the road cut. The angle between the incident shock wave and the reflected shock wave forms a “Y”. Inside the “Y”, there is a step in the stratigraphy. The “Y” forms a discontinuity where the layers take a step down, as if this wedge sank. They also angle, or dip differently, just as the pressure regimes inside the “Y” of the diagram do. The stratigraphy inside and out of the discontinuity closely matches the “stratigraphy” of pressure regimes in the boundary layer of supersonic winds – because this hill was formed in the boundary layer of a supersonic wind.

Look people, this ain’t no damn coincidence. How could this happen by conventional theory? How could this wedge drop a few feet and neatly fit the “Y” without it’s edges even getting ruffled? The “Y’ isn’t straight, it has a hyperbolic compound curve. How could the wedge sink and still match this curve perfectly, without pinching or leaving gaps, and without disturbing the geometry of the curves, or strata inside, or on either side of the discontinuity? Why does the angle of the wedge strata shift with respect to surroundings on the left discontinuity, and the lower right, but not at the upper right, where the strata remain consistent across the discontinuity? How come, while falling into the crack, the wedge became thicker in the big white band of strata at the top, but only on one side.

None of this makes sense, unless you consider wind deposition at the boundary layer of a standing shock wave reflection. The discontinuities are the impressions left by the incident and reflected shock waves. They form a sharp, geometric boundary with no evidence of friction between. As dust deposited, it met this shock wave and followed the pressure and charge density profile of the shock wave. Dust was sucked down into this hole by pressure differentials across the boundary layer, but layered in proportionate thickness to the step voltages that segregated each pressure regime, and the type of dust being delivered by the plasma wind.

The wind had to pile this dust and gravel pretty fast because the layers filled concurrently. That is, the layers didn’t stack up one after the other. They fire-hosed in, each layer at the same time, segregated by the dielectric property of the dust. Amazing when you think about it, but it was all one flow segregated like a rainbow that suddenly came to a stop and compacted itself into a mountain, freezing in that moment this shock reflection and the effect of it’s sudden pressure anomaly in the air-flow.

Ask anyone to look at this picture and say how the layers deposited, and I guarantee they will respond: “one on top of the other, sequentially over time, with the lowest being the oldest.” Whod’a thunk it all blew in together one one big rainbow of horizontal winds, and then stuck due to static electricity? It’s not easy to wrap your head around because we have been taught not to think outside “The Box”.

One thing you’ll notice: the reflected shock in the diagram is concave with respect to the incident shock, whereas the road cut shows a convex relationship. Take note, this is a particular feature of shock waves. The concave/convex relationship is a function of how the wind is vectored with respect to the ground interface – whether it’s parallel to the ground, lifting from the ground, or driving into it. The diagram depicts a wind moving left to right parallel to the floor of the wind tunnel. The road cut is in a hill the wind was impinging on as it built, and lifting over, changing the Mach angle with respect to level ground, and the reflection geometry from concave to convex.

This also explains why the white band gets thicker on the right of the road cut, but the diagram shows the “edge of the boundary layer” (also marked BL in the diagram) turns down and narrows this top band in the “Y”. The road cut white band widens because it intersects a convex shock wave reflection, whereas in the diagram this top band narrows because it intersects a concave wave. It is a trivial matter to change the concave/convex relationship by simply changing the incident angle of impinging winds. There is also a lambda foot structure at the very bottom tip of the “Y” in both cases. These little details are proof of shock wave formation.

See the damn pattern. These images are scientific proof – a direct link between repeatable empirical tests and nature. This is far more evidence than anything geologists have presented for any of their “tectonic” theories. Any. Ever. Their theories are built on the big ideas of arrogant, goateed, bow-tied phonies without a shred of empirical evidence. Their “evidence” it’s conveniently shrouded in the depths of time – millions and billions of years of imperceptible, sand grain-by-sand grain movement which they are still working to explain how CO2 made happen. Who are we to question them? Actually there is no need to question them – just stop listening to them, and for Christ’s sake, stop giving them money.

Bubbles in the Wind

The shock feature exhibited in the road cut is only a small part in the full picture of a supersonic wind-generated shock wave. It’s best to think of shock waves as the membrane of a bubble. On one side of the membrane is a gas of higher pressure than on the other. The entire bubble structure is very complex, however, with regions of expansion and compression, recirculation, laminar flow and turbulence in a supersonic wind that is passing through the bubble. In a dusty plasma it gets even more complex, with electric fields, sheets of current and step voltages across the membranes, which is no longer the physics of fluid dynamics, but of magneto-hydrodynamics.

The following image shows where I think the road cut feature came from. This part of the shock wave structure dips into the separation bubble, which is the turbulent region at the base of the bubble. The separation bubble is where dust collects, which ultimately buried the tip of the shock wave. This shock wave is not the primary incident wave, but a harmonic reflection of it that does not always form, depending on conditions.

Figure 10. Circled is region of the shock wave that made the feature in the road cut.

Note the fine vertical lines to the right of the primary shock wave in the image. These are step-wise gradations of pressure in the airflow throughout the shock wave structure. In a plasma these gradations are also steps in potential. These vertical gradations can be seen in rocks, criss-crossing the diagonal shock waves produced by the Mach angle.

Sometimes dust can fill the entire “lambda foot structure” where the incident and reflected shock meet at a triple point. In which case you get mountains like this.

To be clear, some mountains are formed inside the separation bubble, or “separated flow zone” in the image, and some mountains fill the entire “Lambda shock structure”. The Lambda foot manifests at the base of every shock reflection, so it is a repeating fractal element of the shock wave and appears at different scales. The stratigraphy in the separation bubble “dips” (meaning angled with respect to horizontal) consistent with the wind’s vector inside the shock bubble, because that is how the wind layers its dust load. Mountains that fill the entire Lambda structure may have stratigraphy that dips at a shallower angle than the dip of Mach angle displayed by its flat triangular face, because the wind was vectored upward and dust fell, filling the lambda foot from the bottom.

Although this should not be taken as a hard and fast rule, because there are always variables; generally speaking of wind generated mountains, it can be said that is why shallow dipping hills, foothills and mountains have layered stratigraphy that dips with the contour of the mountain, while large triangular peaks are more like layered bricks – not necessarily horizontal, but a relatively shallow angle at odds with it’s outline.

Mt. Everest is a good example of a big lambda foot mountain. In fact, at 29,029 feet, I’m pretty confident it’s the biggest, baddest lambda foot ever. Follow it’s stratigraphy, such as its famous “yellow band” and you can see the dip in relation to the facets of it’s outline.

Figure 12. Mount Everest, made by wind moving left-to-right, and up in this image.

That’s how mountains are formed. The evidence is everywhere, and looking at cracks yields, well, mountains of information about their genesis. The interface between stratigraphic layers are cracks by my definition, in case you think I’m loosing the thread; talking about the shape of mountains instead of cracks. Cracks are the remnant signature of shock waves and electric currents produced in the storm that built the mountain, just as the outline of a mountain is. The contour of the mountain, the cracks in it and the dip of it’s sediments are all related to shock waves. The angles in their layers and contours is pure information about their creation, because information is always a waveform, and the mountains store the waveform.

Electricity in a shock wave is especially shocking

The shock wave, and shock wave reflections, form an electric field across the walls of the wave in the manner of a capacitor. A double layer forms on the interfaces with a dielectric field between. The charged layers can be the same or opposite polarity to the charge of the dust being deposited, leaving ether a void, or hardened rock. A hardened seam will have more conductive material, like the quartz in rock veins, than the surrounding country rock-matrix.

Mineral bearing veins, for instance, bear conductive minerals like gold, silver and copper because these conductive materials were attracted by the electric field of the shock wave either as a vapor from the atmosphere, or by diffusion through the ground (or by transmutation, but that is over my head. I don’t have my alchemy license yet.). Diffusion through the ground is how consensus theory works, with the attractor being hydrothermal venting. Why hydrothermal venting should attract metals from far and wide isn’t clear. An electric field does that though, without question, so our theory is already better if Occam’s razor means anything.

The quartz veins in the images of granite were created by an emergent effect of shock waves, called traveling waves. Note there are four wide quartz veins (see large image) in two pairs that parallel each other diagonally across this granite face. Traveling waves are semi-stable reflected waves that migrate through a shock wave structure due to instabilities in the bubble. The even vertical lines that appear in Figure 10 are examples in a steady wind. But shock wave bubbles can wobble just like soap bubbles, producing instabilities as wind speed and direction varies. They move in harmony to the shock wave frequency in repeating patterns. That is why there is a pair-of-a-pair of similarly structured, yet highly complex repeating forms in these rock veins.

The next image shows clastic dikes in Washington State. These dikes are vertical-to-diagonal intrusions in a sedimentary hill exposed by road cut. Each dike is layered, vertically, with different fineness of sediment graded from silt to gravel, in each separate layer. The sediments inside the dikes are completely different material than the hill they intrude in. It’s as if each vertical layer of the dike sucked a different dust down into it from somewhere other than the mountain it’s in.

And that is exactly right. Each layer in this dike was a separate funnel of air pulling dust down from different regions of the shock wave bubble, where different grades and types of rock were flowing in segregated jet stream winds. The “funnels” were traveling waves that deposited these dikes in little, downward pointing pressure regime spikes, while the separation bubble filled around them.

It’s hard to think on this scale. The cracks, dikes and veins just shown were produced in the very bottom of a shock wave structure like the one shown in this image. They formed in the turbulent back-end of the separation bubble, a result of friction where the wind literally scraped the ground. Mountains like Everest, the Matterhorn and thousands of lesser peaks were formed by dust filling the entire lambda foot structure, forged by winds and electric potentials that are nearly incomprehensible.

Supersonic winds had to wrap the entire planet. Earth looked like Jupiter, only a lot worse. The fastest winds rolled up and down, and swept against the ground because they were driven by electric currents coupled to the Earth’s. Higher winds moved slower, circulating positive charge in a halo over the concomitant destruction and creation below. Hence the Ouroboros. It did circle the Earth, winding and coiling like a serpent eating it’s tail.

It’s all circuitry. Every feature points to the actions upstream in the current path. That is why the true creation story is knowable. The patterns remain that tell the story. Frequencies, harmonies, wavelengths and wave-guides. Shock waves are wave-guides. Everything is electric. Everyone needs to know this, the sooner the better.

Thank you.

How To Control The Weather

Can it be done? Lot’s of people say no. They say Nature is too vast for us feeble humans to influence, too complex to ever understand. This is hogwash, of course. All it takes is energy. Enough energy introduced in the right way will change the climate.

CO2 doesn’t do that, by the way. CO2 theoretically captures a minor fraction more energy from the Sun than Earth would otherwise reflect, but it doesn’t amount to a hill of beans. Let’s talk about what really drives weather, and how to manipulate it. In order to do that, we have to look at the planet for what it fundamentally is.

The “planet” is more than the blue marble we stand on. Earth is an electromagnetic bubble with a blue marble held inside. At the very edge of our bubble is another tiny little bubble called the Moon.

Fundamentally, Earth is an electric circuit that matter is bound to in a geometry of spherical layers. The outermost layers are the electromagnetic fields that extend far into space surrounding the planet. The innermost layer is at the core. Earth’s crust is one layer in the stack.

Electrically, that makes Earth a spherical capacitor that stores energy, primarily in it’s crustal shell and atmosphere. It absorbs radiant energy from the sun, and emf that enters at the poles by induction along geomagnetic field lines. Consensus science only recognizes the radiant energy. They pretend the auroras aren’t a consequence of significant polar energy flow into the planet, however obvious that may be.

The consensus measures “cosmic rays” at the poles, but that is only part of the physics. There is magnetic induction within Earth’s layers generated by the polar currents. These aren’t being measured, or even recognized by consensus science. It’s these currents that are the primary drivers of weather in the atmosphere of the blue marble.

They are much more than that, of course. The fact of Earth’s crustal currents has been recognized since prehistory. For instance, crustal current patterns relate to “Ley lines”, also considered by some to be the geometry of Earth’s ‘subtle electromagnetic energies’. They ain’t that subtle, and the relation to Earth’s subsurface electric currents is profound, but we can’t boil the whole ocean in one article, so let’s stick to controlling weather. I want to be as quick and blunt as a solar flare, because something tells me this might be pertinent right now.

The planet’s circuit configuration is that of a plasmoid. A plasmoid’s geometry is a hyperboloid wrapped by a toroid. From the standpoint of thermodynamics, it is a standing wave of energy. When energy stands still, it becomes dielectric; that is, matter with mass.

Solar and cosmic energy feed the system (Energy In), while high energy discharge from thunderstorms dissipates it (Energy Out) and the crustal layers of the planet are the buffer (Energy Stored). Electrically, the planet acts as an electret, with an internal electric field and circuitry wrapped in it’s own magnetic cocoon, floating in the electric field of the Sun. The Solar field feeds and sustains the Earth’s internal field. A plasmoid’s internal field dies without an external electric field to sustain it.

Plasmoid geometry

The outer shells seen in the figure above relate to Earth’s geomagnetic field and Van Allen belts. The blue marble is buried in the core of this entity, formed of layers of matter crunched into a sphere with electric currents coursing through it. It’s like a drop of condensate in a whirling, electric ‘vapor’ cloud.

The surface of the Earth, as on other planets is the neutral boundary layer. It’s almost the only place in the Universe where matter is considered “normal” – gas, water, or solid. Everywhere else there is plasma, the so-called fourth state of matter. If science were truly scientific, plasma should be called the first state of matter, and neutral matter a “special condition”.

The atmosphere around Earth also divides into layers – the tropical air layer, the high thin stratosphere and the ionosphere. There is a step voltage and change in plasma strength at each layer interface. There is also thermodynamic change. There is mechanical shearing at the boundaries, changes in momentum, temperature and pressure. All of these macro effects are due to electrical effects at the atomic level.

Earth’s atmosphere is composed of dielectric layers.

This creates a local electric field within each layer, which accumulates additive to an overall electric field across the atmosphere. Electrically speaking, this layering is called spherical capacitance. The degree of ionization, or “strength” of the plasma, increases with altitude until it accumulates to a fully charged sheath. And then there is space.

The same thing – layering, charge separation, step voltage, electric fields, changes in state – occur inside the Earth. The layers of hard crust, spongy athenosphere, outer core and inner core (assuming the conventional model) are the layers of the blue marble. The actions of capacitance and induced currents differ inside Earth in that they involve solid state circuitry in a complex, non-homogeneous matrix, but they still obey basic circuit behaviors.

But the structure of the bubble isn’t finished with the blue marble and it’s atmosphere. It is self contained in currents of magnetic induction along the geomagnetic field that loops far into “Space” (Space with a capital “S” is where astronauts hang), making this also part of Earth’s “space” (small “s”, meaning it’s volume).

The planetary circuit defines the true “volume” of the planet.

When the planetary bubble is exposed to a change in it’s environment, meaning the Solar environment, it has a feedback response. If the potential between the Solar environment and the planetary bubble increases, as in Solar Maximums, more energy is forced into the bubble by induction and it stores some of this energy in it’s capacitor shells.

If the potential decreases, as in a Solar Minimum, the bubble releases stored energy from it’s capacitor shells. Whether it is releasing energy, or storing energy, the change in state of the planet’s energy system induces current flow in the crust and atmosphere. Hence, it causes bad weather, volcanoes and earthquakes.

What stimulates the actions of severe weather, volcanism and earthquakes are the crustal currents – electric currents that flow within Earth’s crust. There are other currents in the system – the currents at the poles, currents inside the crust and currents outside the crust extending into space. But it is the crustal currents that directly affect the weather. Therefore, control of the weather can be achieved by influencing crustal currents.

Crustal currents flow where the plate boundaries are. They form rows of volcanoes, coastal boundaries and fault lines in Earth’s crust. In other words, they are easy to find if you just look. They are the result of induction from polar, Berkeland currents and charge accumulation at the continental plate-fringing fields due to capacitance.

It’s the fringing effect at the edge of a capacitor plate that accumulates charge, and the Earth’s magnetic field that moves it, generating currents. A change in the system state caused by a change in input energy from the Sun generates a change in the charge accumulated by the capacitor plates, and therefore a change in the crustal currents. To artificially affect the weather, all one needs to do is introduce some extra energy into the system where it amps-up the crustal currents.

It wouldn’t take much energy, either. Just the right amount of energy, probably in the microwave frequency, so it is easily absorbed by water that saturates the crust. It just needs to be delivered at the right frequency and amplitude to resonate with the circuit’s natural frequency and amplify the signal. Volcanoes, earthquakes and severe weather should result.

Here’s why. Capacitance couples the action of the crustal currents to the atmosphere. If a crustal current amps-up, storms will brew overhead, or at some node on the system where charge accumulates. It is just capacitance and induction. A moving charge (current) in the ground will induce a current in the atmosphere. A charge accumulation in the ground will be mirrored by a charge accumulation on the opposite plate – the atmosphere – by capacitance.

The consensus will claim there is no such coupling, but that is physically impossible because there is a known electric field at all times between Earth and sky, and a continuous drift current. So it physically has to respond to the laws of induction and capacitance. The consensus is either lying, or stupid.

It’s the same thing that a solar flare does to Earth’s atmosphere because it amps-up the ground currents. If some diabolical scientists wanted to effect severe weather, they would wait for a natural solar storm to activate the crustal currents, and then push those currents at resonant frequency to amplify them. Nicolai Tesla figured this out many years ago.

The goal is to introduce a signal-to-noise ratio greater than 1, which forces runaway feedback. It is the same thing as when you place a microphone near a speaker and feedback squeal drowns out the intended signal. By waiting for a solar storm to introduce a major spike in the noise, all the diabolical one needs to do is add a little push to the solar impulse to get the system out of balance and generate exceptional weather conditions.

I would guess a few thousand, or perhaps only hundreds of MW generated by secret nuclear plants, pulsed into the ground at strategic locations at the right frequency, would produce severe tropical weather in parts of the world, and heat waves and drought in others. Nuclear submarines might be used for this. Volcanoes would spew along the affected circuits accompanied by earthquakes, fires and probably an increase in UFO sightings because of strange lights in the sky.

As we dip into the Solar Minimum, the Earth is experiencing amped-up ground currents. There has been a dramatic increase in volcanic eruption, drought, severe weather, earthquake and fire in the last couple of years as a result. But could it be getting a little help from DARPA, or some other malevolence? It’s not like the Deep State has an agenda, is it? They wouldn’t screw with the weather without telling us … would they?

The Shocking Truth

Sonic boom

Ears ring, windows rattle, the dog hides under the bed. You’ve heard it before. Thunder from an arc of electric discharge, or from a passing, supersonic jet.

One doesn’t hear jets much anymore, but in the good old days I used to, when F-100 afterburners lit over the desert. Booms from twenty miles away.

When you rub feet on the carpet and touch a doorknob, you get a spark and hear a snap. That’s the same thing on a tiny scale. Think about the power it takes to make a boom that travels miles with the energy to rattle windows.

If you’re really close, in the mountains on some high, windswept ridge, lightning is terrifying. Lightning’s shock wave will blow trees and rocks apart like dynamite. On rocky peaks, especially granite boulders, you can find the scars. If you know what you’re looking for they’re easy to spot, but if not, a magnetometer betrays their signature. Where I live, I find rocks the size of buildings split apart, chunks the size of houses tossed away. It’s quite obvious past lightning was more powerful than we see today.

Figure 1. Twelve ft. tall boulder neatly quartered by lightning. White streaks on right hand rocks mark the arc’s path.

It’s the explosive blast – the Arc Blast – a sonic wave that blasts outward in all directions at the speed of sound like a wall of heavy air. It doesn’t move the air with it, but rolls through it just the way an ocean swell rolls through water. It compresses and decompresses the air it moves through, instantly raising it’s temperature and pressure, then dropping it in the next instant.

There is another effect in the shock wave, called ionization. It’s the inevitable result of higher temperature and pressure, because, to put it in conventional terms, it means more atoms colliding, knocking electrons free.

Figure 2. F-18 screams at Mach 1+ speed.

It’s really more than that, though. A shock wave generates current. The condensate in a cloud is an electric conductor. The dipolar molecule of water aligns with electric fields. Dipoles attract and drops form. Charge moves when this happens, meaning current. Current in a cloud is called “bound” current.

If you don’t believe me, question this: why do governments use electricity to modify weather? And how could they unless there is something in the cloud to carry current?

Fox 13 Tampa Bay

In other words, a shock wave is a plasma. It may be a weak plasma, like the sonic wave produced by a fighter jet that condenses water vapor, or it may be a sheet of electric current that spits lightning of its own, like the shock wave of a hydrogen bomb.

Figure 3. Nuclear Shock Wave.

If you are fortunate enough to see a rocket launch, or re-entry you may witness shock waves that are sufficiently ionized to glow in the upper atmosphere. For perspective, realize there are no shining ions traveling with the shock wave bubble. The bubble is moving through the air, ionizing and exciting atoms as it goes, generating a current in the shock wave. Shock waves are electric. The sight of glowing shock waves in the black of space is surreal. It gives you an idea of what the ancients saw in the sky.

Figure 4. Glowing shock wave from something entering the atmosphere.

Meteors also generate shock waves. The Chelyabinsk event produced a shock wave that injured many people. The Tunguska blast reportedly knocked people off their feet several miles away.

Figure 5. Tunguska shock wave effects at the blast zone.

Now imagine a world in chaos, where winds shrieked at supersonic speeds. One need not ascribe to Velikovsky to imagine such a thing, because every mainstream theory of impact and accretion, or whatever is in favor today, would necessitate periods of chaotic atmosphere. Supersonic winds would have happened at times regardless of what science-based creation theory you ascribe to. Any big meteor impact would do it. Even the creationist’s seven days must have entailed some wind.

Besides that, we have planets in our Solar System with supersonic winds right now: Jupiter is one. To assume supersonic winds and shock waves occurred, and should therefore have left their mark on Earth, is perfectly sound logic in any cosmology.

Yet you don’t hear shock waves mentioned much by geologists. They make theories and wave their hands about tectonic forces without finding what does the pushing, but they don’t say much about sonic shock waves. They use sonic waves as a tool, and they recognize micro fractures in quartz, and shock cones in rocks due to meteor impacts, but virtually nothing about the winds that would result, or the effect of sonic shock waves.

Previous articles have shown that shock waves produced by supersonic winds left tetrahedral shaped mountains with flat, triangular-faced mountain flanks. The evidence shows that Earth was embroiled, at times, in a maelstrom of winds that actually shaped the surface of the planet. The primary mechanism for the triangles you see so ubiquitously is a region of the shock wave called the Separation Bubble.

Figure 7. Pusch Ridge in the Catalina Mountains, Arizona – leeward side of a near perfect tetrahedron.

When a supersonic wind shears across a surface and meets an obstruction, it lifts to ride over the obstruction like a wing, because a high pressure zone forms in front of the obstruction. This high pressure zone is called the separation bubble, because it separates the supersonic flow from the ground, forcing it to change direction. Wind flow in the following diagrams is left to right, unless noted otherwise.

Figure 8. Shock wave, reflected shock wave and separation bubble.

It’s called a bubble because, in ideal conditions it forms an actual tetrahedron shaped bubble of high pressure, low velocity air surrounded by low pressure, high velocity air. The bubble walls, or “membrane” is made of shearing and reflected shock waves. They are a predictable, inevitable, measurable boundary layer effect caused by the drag of supersonic wind over a surface.

If you read my past articles on the subject, you’ll note I called the separation bubble a low pressure, low velocity zone. That was a mistake. So this is meant to correct the record and give some more detail on them, because they are the most tangible, accessible, reproducible and compelling evidence for Velikovsky’s theories in existence.

I don’t say that lightly, but it’s absolutely true. Shock wave tetrahedrons are more abundant than rock art that can be compared to plasma instabilities. Comparisons of petroglyphs to simulated instabilities are simply shrugged off as pareidolia, anyway. They also don’t depend on interpretation of tiny points of light from a zillion miles away, or guessing about the nuclear processes inside stars, or atoms. They don’t depend on reinterpreting mythology, equations, or the validity of anyone’s physics. Shock waves are well known by classical physics and applied science. Shock wave tetrahedrons cover our planet.

In fact, some aspects of plasma instabilities and astronomical “Z-pinch” nebula are due to shock waves. Some petroglyph’s depict atmospheric shock waves, too. Sonic shock is essential science in the Electric Universe, and I’m confident Hannes Alfven would agree. In a plasma, shock waves and currents are coherent.

Shock waves generated during past cosmic upheaval on Earth interacted with solid ground and whatever matter they touched. They echoed from solid surfaces and shear zones. They vibrated and wobbled and crawled across the earth making piles of debris we call mountains. They interacted in patterns of constructive and destructive interference and resonated in harmonic frequencies. They left those patterns in the mountains for us to see. Shock waves are, after all, plasma sound waves. They are tangible, falsifiable and accessible. They can be reproduced.

I’ve been noodling how to make a solid tetrahedron in a wind tunnel. The problem is getting adherence. If dry powders, or sands are used, they won’t stick. If wet anything is used it will make a mess. Nature doesn’t care about messes, and splatters stuff everywhere. But a wind tunnel is an expensive piece of equipment that doesn’t stand well to supersonic sandblasting.

A magnetic dust and magnet won’t work to adhere a tetrahedron, because the dust would take the shape of the magnet. I can’t get an ionized supersonic wind generator without a Chinese Electric Turbine, and so far the Chinese aren’t answering my calls. Neither is NASA. Funny, it’s the same phone number.

I think, maybe a big drop of glue, or epoxy could be used as the obstruction in a wind tunnel if it were performed while tacky. It should mold to the shock wave separation bubble without flying away. Anyway, it’s not an easy problem.

But wait, Nature provides proof. We don’t need a wind tunnel, the atmosphere itself is our laboratory. Iron meteors enter Earth’s atmosphere at supersonic speeds. Friction with the atmosphere melts and ablates the iron. Ablation patterns provide the proof of shock-wave tetrahedrons.

Proof is in the Pudding

Figure 10, and several to follow, have molded iron shock tetrahedrons at the tips of flow patterns made by separation bubbles. This is tangible proof, made in conditions similar to theory. This piece of data is a start to prove science as we know it is mostly wrong. Well, okay, hugely wrong. Massively wrong. These meteorites should be prima facie evidence of Electric Earth Theory.

Figure 10. Ablated face of an Iron Meteorite.

This is a meteor of iron with an ablated face caused by it’s supersonic entry into the atmosphere. Heat, pressure and supersonic shock waves molded this face. The supersonic wind, impacting the meteor head-on, segregated into bubble-like pressure regimes. Low pressure zones where wind velocity was greatest created scoops and divots. High pressure zones segregated these air flows, leaving sharp dividing ridges, and triangular separation bubbles where the air-flow separated from the meteor.

Figure 11. Separation bubble-formed tetrahedrons.

The smooth divots are impressions of flow streams, and the triangles appear at their tips. The change in direction as air-flow separated from the object created separation bubbles, which molded the fluid iron. Molten iron was pushed from the divot like pudding, and held in the high pressure separation bubble, molding it to the form of the bubble. Look closely and you will find where some tips broke-off.

Figure 12. Supersonic flow patterns in bubbles.

The entire divot is, in effect, the separation bubble. It is literally bubbles, formed with skin effect from shock waves that hold tension like a bubble’s film. It creates “Y” shaped structures around a “triple point” where shock waves and bubbles meet, sometimes called the “Lambda Structure”.

In the case of mountain building, winds laden with dust passed into the bubble, and were heated, compressed and slowed to a stop passing through the shock wave. The ground was statically charged and adhered the dust, mud, sand, stuff falling from outer space, or whatever the wind carried. Hence the dust piled in the shape of the bubble – a tetrahedron.

Take a look at the similarity in these tetrahedrons formed by a hot blast of air in South America to the ones along the edge of the meteorite.

Figure 14. A spray of tetrahedrons from a down-burst wind.

Really, it can’t be more obvious. In Figure 14, it’s visually apparent how a non-rotating, down-burst wind layered the dust in a consistent pattern of tetrahedrons formed by separation bubbles where the wind impacted and deflected from the land. This was made by a blow-torch aimed at the ground – the hot exhaust of a meso-cyclone that churned in a plasma storm of Jovian proportions.

The side of the tetrahedron facing the wind will be a perfect isosceles triangle if the wind strikes normal to the object. If the wind hits obliquely, is interfered with by adjacent shock waves, is sub-sonic, or transient in it’s velocity, or if the dust load deposited doesn’t fill the entire separation bubble, it will deform the tetrahedron.

Figure 15. Isosceles triangles splay out from ablated face of a meteor.
Figure 16. Near perfect isosceles triangles in center mountain, flanked either side by irregular groupings of triangles bunched together, like musical notes.

You are not suffering from pareidolia. A triangle is a triangle, and that is what you are seeing. We could be scientific and take measurements to prove these are triangles, but I think we can use common sense. Here are more examples of tetrahedrons formed on iron meteorites.

The size of the separation bubble depends on the size of the object, because that determines the area of wind moving past the object and therefore the size of the shock wave. So, the bigger the meteor, the bigger the tetrahedrons.

The constituency of the rock also effects the roughness of the surface, whether it is chunky, or smooth, as they say. Regardless of many variables, the triangular face of separation bubbles are distinct and appear exactly where they should if one traces the wind patterns. Jeez, somebody out there must have noticed this before. I’ll bet there is some obscure, mustachioed PhD at the Upper-Siberian Institute of Aerodynamic Widgets who knows all about this. Please call me.

In a completely different circumstance, lightning generated shock waves also produce tetrahedrons. The next four figures are photos of an iron bearing rock that has been struck by lightning, partly melted and vitrified, with raised triangular layers where fluid metal was trapped by separation bubbles.

The lightning left a yellowed, chemically altered trail where it surface-conducted to a shoe-shaped pool where the rock melted. The arc likely met some discontinuity, or crack in the rock where it burrowed in, creating a hot spot. Cutting beneath the skin of the rock created an arc-flash that trapped triangular sheets of molten rock in the separation bubbles, pointed outward from the center of the blast, shown in the following images.

The final image shows a track of very small triangles marching out of the molten puddle. The amplitude of the triangle is related to the cross section of wind that created it. What this little trail of arrowheads means is that a very narrow supersonic jet stream blasted this channel in the rock, and you can see exactly the path it took.

Can you find any other tetrahedrons surrounding the track outlined? They are aimed perpendicular to the narrow track and larger amplitude. I counted six good sized ones, but there are a bunch of small ones, too. The arc channeled a narrow, focused jet, while at the same time, shock waves blasted outward in a diffuse wave that produced larger amplitudes. There is also a second lightning track from the bottom right corner. There are shock patterns that correlate with the blast from each lightning track.

For global scale winds, separation bubbles became quite large. Figure 17 gives you some idea of scale. The separation bubble that creates a mountain is just the very foot of a shock wave structure much more complex than a simple tetrahedron. There are flow paths in, around and behind the separation bubble that all leave their mark on the ground.

Figure 17. Separation bubble and back flow eddy structures.

If the wind keeps blowing dust at supersonic speed, the tetrahedron formed in the separation bubble blocks the air, forming a new obstruction to the wind, and a new separation bubble forms in front of it, trapping more dust that layers in the triangular shape of its windward face. This blankets the tetrahedron face with layer after layer of deposit with each pulse of the wind. Each pulse of the wind may carry different constituents of dust and charge, so each layer deposited has it’s own characteristic chemistry.

Figure 18. Separation bubbles layer sediments of differing chemistry on top of each other.
Figure 19.

It is exactly the same way wind makes sand dunes, except supersonic shock waves are rigid and straight and make sharp angles instead of soft curves. Sand dunes are formed in the high pressure, low speed zones beneath an undulating wind, and the troughs are low pressure, high speed zones. The high speed winds carry the sand to the low speed zones. That is why they appear in waves. Static electricity plays a role in sand dunes, too, lofting and adhering the sand, and so it does with shock waves.

Figure 20. Leeward side of a sand dune forms, in principle, just like the leeward side of a supersonic tetrahedron.

Each layer’s chemistry reacted with adjacent layers. The matter laid down still swam with free charge. Migrations and recombination focused at the layer interfaces, still hissing and vibrating with shock wave echoes, where dissimilar matter made reactions, drawing ions from surroundings. Charge built an electric field across these interfaces, in the way a capacitor makes an electric field. Seams became hardened and mineralized, and sometimes evacuated by gases evolved from reactions that channeled caverns as they expanded.

Seam in sandstone produced by shock wave and off-gassing, San Rafael, Utah

The electric field, transverse to the seam, is why most quartz veins grow transverse across rock seams. They are the electrical expressions left by shock waves and electric fields. The consensus theory of hydrolyzed silica migrating into rock seams by hydrothermal action isn’t entirely wrong, but it misses the role of electricity and how it would accelerate the pace of crystal formation. It also misses the role electricity plays in the migration of conductive metals into quartz veins and a number of other things.

Shock waves took different polarities. They generated lightning. They connected ground to cloud in a sheet of plasma current. They ionized air, water vapor and dust. They melted metals. They vibrated and electrified the ground. They segregated airborne matter by electrostatic filtration. They compressed matter in geometric shapes and charged it with current to fuse it together. They formed plasma networks of active circuitry. They patterned the wind in diamonds that glowed, with sparks shooting through. They turned biological beings to jelly.

Shock waves are a pathway for discharge, a current generator and a capacitor across the walls of shock “membranes”. They are a big piece of Earth’s circuitry and a principle action of Nature. They are the most obvious, prolific and easily defined proof that Earth was formed, and still performs as an electrical body.

And one of the most beautiful. After all, they produced these:

We’ve been looking at the triangular face of the tetrahedron. The focus will turn to the rear end, and the crack between bubbles, in the next article (tentatively titled Butte Crack).

Special thanks to Stefan Ahmala, who took the photos of the rocks in Finland. Stefan discovered Thunderbolts recently, and like most of us, arrived here because he knew the rest of the world is crazy. Stefan is very enthusiastic, and immediately recognized these rocks for what they are and contacted us. Wouldn’t you know I was writing an article on tetrahedrons when his photos arrived. Well, that is how things resonate in the Electric Universe, isn’t it? We are all of the same aether. It is what is. We can either resonate in harmony, or make destructive interference. That’s our free will.

Stefan Ahmala