Tag: mountains

The Keystone Pattern

Gareth Samuel is a science educator and frequent contributor to the Thunderbolts Project. He also produces an outstanding video series on Electric Universe theories that aims at the very heart of science. He chose the perfect title for his YouTube channel: “See The Pattern”. If a repeating pattern emerges from Nature, we should recognize it as significant. To truly understand it, we should be able to explain it’s cause and effect and reproduce it. Seeing the pattern and discovering it’s cause and effect is what science is. The “proof” is in recreating the pattern. Not by subjectively programmed and data-fixed mathematical models, but by physical demonstration of the physics involved.

This essay presents a challenge for those with a knack for playing with electricity. I’ll show you a pattern. I call it the “Keystone pattern” because it is a pattern of “key” significance. It’s effect can be found in geology, so it’s written in “stone”. It is a pattern that results from electrical discharges. I will show you this pattern and explain it in the best, plain-language detail I can. Then it will be up to you to reproduce it. It shouldn’t be hard.

In fact it’s been done before. You may know the pattern as the “crooked smile” if you’ve followed the Electric Universe for several years. Michael Steinbacher and Billy Yelverton produced the pattern in image shown. I believe it was Michael that called it the “Crooked Smile”. I’m giving it the “Keystone” name because the “smile” is only part of the pattern.

“Crooked Smile” aka “Keystone Pattern”

Michael intuitively understood this pattern was the result of a multi-phase discharge. He was trying to reproduce the shape of Valles Marinaris on Mars. He assumed, correctly, that by creating a discharge in Billy’s laboratory with the proper set-up, they could reproduce Valles Marinaris, and they did. Unfortunately, they didn’t explain their experimental set-up, so we’ll have to guess.

My guess is they laid a metal plate on a table, to form one electrode. They covered the metal plate with a dielectric plate, probably glass or plastic, to add resistance and enhance the reactive power. Then they hung another electrode a few inches above the plate and covered the plate in sand.

I believe they then took two leads from a 3-phase power source, stepped them to high voltage and connected one lead to the plate and one lead to the hanging electrode, creating a point-to-plane electric field between two out-of-phase circuits.

The pattern is caused by electrical induction currents that spread out in the horizontal plane from the vertically oriented, multi-phased discharge between the electrodes. These type of induction currents are called “reactive power” currents. You can think of it like aiming a firehose at the floor. The stream of water from the nozzle is an analogy for the vertical discharge current. In terms of electricity, we call that real power, because it’s going where we want it. The water that splashes from the floor are reactive currents, or reactive power currents in the case of electricity., that are splashing across the electrode plate.

The stream of water hitting the floor is like electrical current hitting resistance. Reactive power is the energy of currents that get re-directed by resistance. The “splash pattern” that reactive power makes is peculiar, and very specific to electro-magnetism. Unlike water that splashes away vectored by kinetic energy and gravity, an electric current generates moving electric and magnetic fields that vector its reactive energy. So, it generates a repeating fractal pattern. Reproducing it in the lab is as compelling as scientific evidence can get.

It’s also compelling when you can find it in Nature over and over again. We are going to use it to identify several electrical craters here on Earth, and doing so dispel the silly notion that Earth has been bombarded by asteroids and comets. Here is the Keystone pattern:

Keystone Pattern

The pattern occurs over the duration of the discharge, while it is in contact with the ground and making a complete circuit. Over time, the voltage vector of reactive power shooting out from the focal point, rotates around the pattern like the second hand of a clock, pointing to all points on the compass, only it sweeps around counter-clockwise instead of clock-wise. The current that follows this voltage vector lags behind it, like the minute hand of the clock chasing the second hand, but never catching up.

At the same time magnetic fields are pulsing outward in concentric waves from the focal point and inducing current to follow it. This sets-up an interference pattern of positive and negatively charged regions around the circle formed by the induced currents, where the sand grains which also carry charge are either attracted or repelled. It is much like a cymatic pattern created by a particular frequency of vibration, only this is caused by induced, out-of-phase currents. Where the charge on the plate is the same as the sand, the sand is levitated away, which is technically called sputtering, to region of opposite charge where it sticks to form a mountain.

The Red Cross – represents primary reactive currents that “splash” at particular vectors from the discharge focused at the center of the X. C is a filament of electric induction, or capacitive reactive current. L is a filament of magnetic induction reactive current.

The Green dashed circle – represents “stray capacitance” generated in concentric rings around the focus of the discharge by magnetic fields. These are rings of step-potentials expressed as hills and valleys, mountains, or crater rims in geologic formations.

The Blue Lines are the “crooked smile” and portray induction currents following the electric, or magnetic fields, or both.

On the left hand quadrant formed by the Red X, electric field induction dominates and the current flows straight to the encircling ring and makes a 90 degree turn to follow parallel to the ring, because the capacitor ring is a standing potential wave in the electric field.

The quadrant on the right is the magnetic induction dominated region, so current streams out perpendicular to magnetic field lines, induced by the magnetic field. These lines intersect the green rings at 90 degrees.

In the center, through the top quadrant are Bars of Blue. The bars are unipolar winds that drag straight across the focal point of the discharge. They are probably the easiest to identify feature of reactive power currents.

The “crooked smile” is a fractal circuit pattern of capacitive and inductive eddy currents in these particular quadrants of reactive power. The direction of current flow can go either way, depending on polarities, so I don’t usually show arrows in diagrams.

The top and bottom quadrants are where reactive currents form updrafts and downdrafts. The Yellow Star in the top quadrant is a downdraft current, and the Pale Green Swirl in the bottom quadrant is an updraft. These would be tornadoes and downbursts of plasma wind and lightning. They generally leave circular patterns of depressions, or hills. The next image shows the same features more fully annotated.

Note how the right-side magnetic induction currents (IL) meet the encircling capacitance at 90 degrees, while the on the left, capacitive induction currents (Ic) bend 90 degrees to parallel the encircling capacitance. Note also that the upper half of the right and left quadrants are more inductive, with tendrils crossing perpendicular to the encirclement, and the lower halves are more capacitive, with parallel flows. The left, or capacitive quadrant will sometimes develop “Z” shaped currents, with current alternating it’s vector between magnetic and electric fields.

The top and bottom quadrants produce up and down currents (through the page) that encircle the crux of the discharge in a ring, or toroidal current. The Yellow Star and Green Swirl are the face and footprint of this current. For those interested in math and fractals, phasors are calculated with complex numbers. The complex numbers have irrational number multipliers in the equations that apply to these top and bottom quadrants. So it can be said that weather is irrational.

The action of eddy currents is better understood with the following .gif illustration that portrays the magnetic flux generated by the discharging current. The left-hand side of this ‘compare’ image shows the field lines of magnetism created along the ground plane at 90 degrees to the discharge. The right-hand side (you can slide the divider to compare either side) has black lines indicating the path of induced, reactive eddy currents created by the magnetic flux.

Magnetic field and reactive eddy currents.

I first discovered the pattern while examining the Laramie Mountains in Wyoming. The pattern can make a crater, or a mountain, depending on polarity. I published two articles on these mountains last year. It wasn’t until this year I recognized that pattern I found was the same as Michael’s crooked smile.

Laramie Mountains, Wyoming.

The Laramie pattern was caused by a plasma meso-cyclone – with it’s central updraft representing the real power discharge – or the firehose current – a positive ion current flowing up from the ground into the storm. The ground was negatively charged, and so, positive ionic matter from the winds collected there by static attraction, adhering to form the mountains. The mountains retain the shape of the winds that deposited them, which are in the Keystone pattern.

The pattern can be quantified and mapped with something called a phasor diagram.

Phasors are 3-D graphs of vectors. For electrical circuits, they are used to determine the amplitude and direction of energy flow, or power at a given time. In alternating current, multi-phase systems, there are two or more waves out of phase with each other. Phasors are used to determine the resultant vector for the flow of power, voltage and current when there are multiple waves.

Manmade circuits work best when the energy sent ‘down the wires’ is aimed straight and doesn’t splash. Although some reactive power is needed, unwanted “splashing” is inefficient. It shows up as heat loss, signal noise and can even create plasma streamers from high voltage power connections.

We manage this with physical things like insulation, capacitors, transformers and generators to control frequency and amplitude and maximize what is called “real power”, or firehose power, as opposed to “reactive power”, or splashing.

Nature lets energy splash all over, and it results in plasma winds, storms and tornadoes. It also results in rock and mountain formation.

The next image you will recognize as the Richat Structure. The ‘compare’ image shows the basic Keystone pattern features. Wind direction is verified where possible by the triangular faces of tetrahedral hills formed in supersonic shock waves, and rock dikes (not marked on this image) caused by wind and shock wave.

The Richat Structure. Green should be labelled Stray Capacitance, not Magnetic field. Move slider to compare.

The Richat was created by a plasma tornado spinning like a buzz-saw between two opposing jet-streams. Tornadoes have a down-streaming, core wind inside the spinning updraft. A tornado is called a Marklund Current, and it has a central, core downdraft of ionic wind. That is why tornado genesis begins with a descending column of condensate meeting a rising swirl of dust. It’s a connection being made to complete a circuit of opposing positive and negative current flow.

The Keystone pattern, in the case of the Richat, was caused by induction winds that hugged the ground, being fed by the core downdraft, and blowing out beneath the up-drafting whirlwind.

The next images shows the wind pattern of the whirlwind and the shock waves that resulted from the induction winds crossing under the whirlwinds. The winds cross orthogonally and leave cross-hatched shock features.

The Shoemaker crater in Australia provides another example of the Keystone. The crater doesn’t show signs of rotation on the ground, but the Red Cross of induced ground currents formed a rock dike that is fairly pronounced, as are wind patterned mountains at the Green Encircling ring of capacitance forming the crater rim.

Shoemaker Crater, Western Australia

Induction features can be either anodic, or cathodic. If the ground is charged negative and a wind full of positive ionic matter blows over, a mountain of adhering matter will form. If the negative ground is exposed to a ground-to-ground discharge, it will sputter, or blast earth away and leave a depression. If the ground has positive matter in it, that will suck to the discharge and fuse to form a rock dike. Examples of rock dikes formed by ground currents are shown in the next images.

Anode and cathode features will appear alternately as current passes through the encircling rings of capacitance, making interference patterns in hills and crater rims.

If you are wondering, are these patterns on the Moon? They are not. Lunar craters are from Direct Current (DC) discharges, because the Moon is not alive with a geomagnetic field like Earth is. Earth is a multi-phased circuit, and these patterns result from multiphase Alternating Current (AC) interactions.

There are several craters that exhibit the fast unipolar winds crossing the crater rims caused by induction across the Blue Bar. Here are three in the next collage of images.

Blue Bar induction winds. Pingualuit Crater, Quebec

No one crater exhibits every feature perfectly. Some features are covered by sand, water, farms and cities. Some have eroded and some simply don’t develop in every condition. The patterns develop from reactive currents in both the air and ground. There is, however pattern consistency when several features are evident in the correct position with respect to the quadrants of the phasor. Here are several craters from around the Earth, most of them falsely attributed to meteors. They are the result of a discharge current flowing between Earth and sky. All exhibit aspects of the Keystone Pattern.

Note the “Q” in each ring. At roughly the five o’clock position, each crater exhibits a hooked shaped slash, or other anomaly through the ring. Of course, I’ve oriented the pictures so they are consistent, but note there is also similarity in the pattern of river channels connected to the ring to either side of the “Q” mark in most of the craters. So, there is a quick and dirty way to identify the Keystone pattern. Look for the “Q” with a lightning bolt through it.

Truth is always holistic… we’ve been trained to think our consciousness is constrained to the brain. It’s not.


Shock Waves: Why they are important

Immanuel Velikovsky described worlds in collision, and correctly identified the physics of such interactions. They are electric. He was informed by classical physics, such as the work of Christian Berkeland, who half a century earlier discovered the polar aurora is Earth’s electrical connection to the Sun. Today, the Electric Universe community carries theories of an electric cosmos forward, it having been abandoned long ago by mainstream consensus in favor of no Aether, and a miraculous big bang.

We are at odds with consensus science beliefs. Besides the obvious, fundamental disagreements about Aether and gravity, and the plethora of differences flowing from that, we also have a fundamentally different way of addressing scientific inquiry. The examination of shock waves provides an example worth discussing.

Non-volcanic mountains all over the world were laid in place by winds and electric currents. I can’t confirm each and every hillock, but by and large, the mountains around you, wherever you are, were made by wind. They were plasma winds, charged with ions and free electrons, laden with dust and water vapor that carried the current within. Each wind-stream was a current. The dust and water was also charged. Dust was part of the plasma, and amplified it’s effects.

The ground was charged, too, as currents welled from the Earth like springs of water. In fact, much of Earth’s currents are carried by water, so springs of water and current were one and the same. Everything, or at least almost everything was charged in that environment; when the creation of Earth as we know it, with the basic shape of the continents we have now, occurred.

Now this brings up the first big difference we have with consensus science. Consensus science sees a collection of ions as a collection of charged particles that will ultimately recombine and form neutral matter. They either dissect it’s behavior into quantum probabilities, or address it as a bulk entity and ignore it’s inner workings. Either way, they miss the big picture.

We see a collection of ions as a circuit. It is a self organizing body, called plasma, that organizes through the actions of it’s frequencies, interference patterns and feedbacks. It forms membrane walls by capacitance, takes life from currents within, is motivated by electric fields, and reacts in feedback to it’s surroundings with magnetism. That organization is called circuitry. That is why geology, if looked at as part of Earth’s circuitry, totally makes sense. The patterns of circuitry between the earth and sky are evident.

This can be proven simply by looking at the result of shock waves on Earth produced by the plasma winds. The highly ionized plasma winds were supersonic and therefore made shock waves. The shock waves acted as wave guides for dust and current, piling the dust and fusing it into mountains.

To recognize this, all one need do is compare mountains of scientific results from supersonic wind tunnel tests to the tetrahedral shapes of mountains. The tetrahedral shapes, as well as numerous other geologic configurations in mountains, can be shown to be the result of shock waves. The morphologies – shape and composition of mountain features – can be shown to precisely match that of shock waves – and shock waves can be shown to produce the morphology of mountains, empirically.

It is a visual correlation. No math is needed. Of course, a thorough scientific inquiry would include forensic analysis to establish data on the energies involved, the wind speeds and the densities, chemistries and voltages. From this, mathematical models could be made to test and confirm the physics. However, that really isn’t needed to understand the basic circuitry.

Circuitry is a pattern. It is the pattern that informs us, not the math. We already have the math. It is the math of electromagnetism and magneto-hydrodynamics. The links between pattern and math are already known. With regards to shock waves and geology, the patterns are on the landscape to be analyzed. All that is lacking are people educated in the right sciences and willing to get the data and apply the math. Unfortunately, our small community doesn’t yet have such people.

It seems most people schooled in the right sciences prefer to have a career, and a prerequisite for that is accepting the consensus. There are geologists and earth scientists in the EU community (mostly retired people who don’t need a job and have the luxury to seek truth) who have some of the training to apply, but they don’t have backgrounds in aerodynamics. I have yet to hear from anyone who really understands shock waves.

We have electrical engineers who understand circuits, but only when they are contained by wiring and insulation. They don’t seem to know squat about shock waves, arc blast, stray capacitance, or fringing fields because their designs and equations are intended to eliminate these things. The plasma scientists who understand everything, can’t be bothered with geology, because the sexy stuff is outer-space. You know how important it is to know what a black hole really is. That will truly change our lives, right? It’s sexy, and interesting, but it’s not pertinent to anyone’s immediate future. Frankly, if I see an article with “Black Hole” in the title, I don’t read it, because I know whatever is said can’t be verified and I’ll forget about it the next day because it isn’t important.

Understanding the Earth, however, would lead to understanding and perhaps preventing, or mitigating catastrophic earthquakes, volcanoes and weather. It would give us an understanding, instead of a political agenda, behind climate change. It would tell us what caused past extinction catastrophes, and whether they might happen again. This is information that matters. This is information that saves lives.

So I’m giving a bit of admonishment to the scientists in our community for not taking responsibility – as scientists – and focusing on what is most important. But as Natural Philosophers we are very good. People like me, who don’t know all the physics, can still understand the cosmos, from the galaxies to the rocks beneath our feet. My own understanding of physics isn’t half bad, because I’m an engineer, but my knowledge should be described as “an inch deep and a mile wide”. My career required me to know enough about electronics and power transmission, as well as chemistry, geology and human psychology to manage a team building power plants. It’s the “mile-wide” that is important. That’s the other difference we have with the consensus.

The consensus requires specialization. The “big picture” is reserved for the few, mostly astrophysicists who, having spent their time contemplating black holes, haven’t a clue about the real world. They live in their cloistered, academic bubbles.

We have people who might not have a high school education, but they comprehend the universe more than those scientists do. That is because they “see the pattern”, and recognize it’s more important than math. If you have seen one Fibonacci sequence in Nature, you’ll always see it. You can’t un-see it, and there is no point in revisiting the math every time just to recognize it. It’s everywhere in biology, geology, chemistry, and the rest of the cosmos. Likewise the dendrites, filaments and capacitor interfaces created in the process of charge diffusion. Just look, it’s always there. So, we don’t need to beat a dead horse. The math is already evident in the pattern. We know everything is a circuit, therefore coherent, and the patterns are the result, not coincidences.

To the consensus, who look at computer screens instead of Nature, patterns can be coincidences, and therefore not reliable. It’s the same thing they say about eye-witness accounts. This is another big difference we have with the consensus.

Just take what I said about water and currents. Current welling from the ground will carry water with it, because water is it’s conductor and follows the current.

And compare with the concept of “fountains of the great deep” as described by the flood story in the Bible:

“In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened.”

Source: https://bible.knowing-jesus.com/Genesis/7/11, New American Standard version

Consensus science ignores, and even denigrates the idea mythologies shed light on the truth. But we see mythologies as accounts, because we recognize patterns of plasma events in their telling. And this is corroborated in ancient art, petroglyphs and symbols.

Never mind the implausibility of Noah living six hundred years for the moment. The plausibility of earth gushing water while under electrical stress is something we should expect to happen, and we therefore give credence to the Bible and other ancient texts and mythologies as a record of witnesses. And we keep an open mind about Noah’s age, because we don’t know the effect of a heightened electrical environment on life. There is ample reason to expect, from fossil record data, that life exploded after extinction catastrophes at rates Darwin’s theories alone cannot explain.

Empirically, we know electricity can make plants grow faster, as well as crystals. High potential accelerates growth. Perhaps it also extends it. We don’t know, but we can see the pattern integrates electricity and life, and we can see the pattern of electric actions that created Noah’s flood. You can pick any other ancient mythology, of course, because each and every one has a flood account.

Consensus science can’t do this. They blinder themselves. They deny the possibility of the great flood, even though it’s documented by every ancient culture’s mythology. It’s the difference between smart, and wise – woke, or awake, as said in the popular lexicon.

Consensus science is reductionist. They take a clock and break it, then examine each piece to figure out what it is. We just look at a clock and say, that’s a clock, because we take a holistic embrace of data knowing there is purpose and pattern due to circuitry.

Another inescapable difference between us and the consensus is our sense of spirituality. Although, in the EU community ones spiritual belief is a personal thing, it can be said of the consensus that they proselytize for atheism. Their cosmos is a big cloud of particles from which intelligent life emerges as a consequence of those particles bouncing around. Energy always disassociates to entropy, and it’s all rather pointless. And they want us to know how pointless we are.

For us, circuits form life. We are individual bodies of highly evolved circuitry and free will. Perhaps the pinnacle of life in the universe, perhaps not. But we only experience a narrow portion of the cosmic bandwidth. We know there is circuitry beyond our ability to experience, for the same reason we don’t hear a dog whistle, or feel a radio wave.

We know circuitry is intelligence. That is what thinking is: circuits firing in your body, sending, receiving and processing signals. We also know that our internal circuits receive signals from the environment we incorporate in our processes. Feel, see, hear, smell, taste and the other one we get, but can’t detect. That is our connection to the Aether.

Earth is no different. My calculator thinks much faster than I do, because it has circuits designed to calculate. It’s not “alive”, of course, but it thinks. Earth’s circuits think. Every circuit thinks. The cosmos is a circuit. The cosmos has to think. By my definition, that’s God; the Alpha and Omega, from beginning to end, the morphology of a circuit. For me, this is an inescapable conclusion in the Electric Universe. And it came from recognizing shock waves.

It’s my mission to make everyone realize that shock wave patterns on mountains are as obvious, identifiable, laboratory verifiable and mathematically modellable as the Fibonacci sequence is in a pinecone. I have little interest in convincing scientists. I have tried and their eyes look past me. They adopt the blank look of a zombie, because they are programmed only to think in certain channels. My goal is to expand the bandwidth, and provide every person with knowledge you can see in Nature for yourself.

With that appreciation of Nature comes wisdom. When we can all see the pattern, we’ll stop funding consensus science and it will die on the ash heap of history. There is a century of bad science that needs to be thrown away, and a new frontier of science to be explored. One that will actually give us answers.

Cracks in Theory

Every butte has a crack, but not all cracks are beautiful. Though some are magnificent, ruler straight and parallel, some can be ugly, chaotic mangles. But there is a quixotic pattern to ugly cracks, so we must not discriminate. Whether they make lovely geometric shapes, or chaotic mangles, a study of cracks is essential Electric Universe science.

The reason is cracks are interfaces – boundary layers – and electrically, that’s where the action is. To understand any geology, the first thing to look for is boundary layers. Charge collects at boundary layers where it displays the effects of inductance and capacitance most prominently.

To begin with, the outside of Earth’s crust is a boundary layer. Sonic shock waves made the geometry, and electricity made the chemistry. Wind, also motivated by electric currents, made things move – kinetics. Energy came from within the Earth as a release of stored capacitance. That, in a nutshell, explains the face of the Earth. The creation of virtually every mountain, hill and dale on the planet is summarized in those sentences. The devil’s in the details however, so that’s why we are looking at cracks.

Cracks are the remnant of capacitor interfaces in Nature’s circuitry. They are boundary layers between different materials. The boundary layer separates two dielectrics with a double layer of charge – a capacitor. The dielectric difference was due to difference in dielectric property of the material at the time it was laid down by plasma winds. The dielectric properties differed due to the elemental and molecular makeup of the material, and the state it was in at the time. The material’s temperature, density and pressure influenced the material’s dielectric, and shock waves produced sharp discontinuities in pressure, density, temperature, as well as, charge density.

First, let’s dismiss cracks that aren’t part of the electrical circuit we want to examine. Some cracks are from thermal stresses as matter cooled and contracted, or structural as matter shook and settled from seismic forces. These cracks are generally vertically aligned due to gravity. Gravity makes the fracture plane vertical because it’s the path of least resistance, where gravity’s force vector has no influence holding the rock together.

Figure 1. Thermal cracking(?) in massive sediments.

A good example is how hydraulic fracturing is done in oil and gas production. A fluid is pumped into the well bore to the bottom of the hydrocarbon formation and pressurized until the well bore pressure exceeds the overburden pressure. Fluid pressure separates the rock vertically, creating a fissure that extends the contact of the well bore upwards into the hydrocarbon bearing formation. The practice allows access to hydrocarbons otherwise locked away in dead zones far from the well.

That’s just to illustrate that vertical fracturing is predictable, applied science. A cooling, contracting rock will fracture vertically for the same reason that swelling the rock under pressure fractures vertically – Newton’s Laws.

Some cracks are due to lightning. These are certainly electrical, but lightning finds it’s own path. It’s not wave-guided by interfaces other than the surface it contacts, which still leaves much freedom of motion. Therefore, lightning wanders, following conductive paths on the surface it strikes. It may be vertically oriented, vectored by the electric field, but it will generally not display a pure geometry, such as straight lines and polygonal forms. It’s form is chaotic.

Lightning blasted rock often displays shearing, where the blast fractured rock; or melting, burning, or chemical reaction from the heat and charge. A dipolar magnetic signature should be detectable across the current path. But lightning scars are not the type of cracks we want today.

Figure 2. Black, burnt, chipped and chemically altered rock where lightning struck sandstone. Note the lightning streak angle is at odds with the vertical water streaks.

We want to discuss cracks generated by shock waves and electricity at the shear zone between the land and plasma winds, at a time when Earth was embroiled in the epic maelstrom of creation. In other words, we want cracks made where the filthy underbelly of the Ouroboros scraped the land.

The Ouroboros, or the penultimate representation of the concept, anyway, is the plasma wind that wrapped the Earth during key stages of its evolution. Sharp discontinuities in plasma winds caused by supersonic shock waves left imprints in deposits of ionized dust, which manifested as cracks as the dust recombined to form rock. The discontinuity in a shock wave includes density, pressure, charge density and dielectric property, which electrically makes it act like a capacitor. Therefore cracks in rocks are the all important proof of wind formation and the circuitry in the plasma winds.

To define a crack, first of all, means an intrusion, or separation between rock matrices, or the boundary between stratified layers, whether the space between is a void, or filled with material. Therefore, we include rock veins, dykes, shelves, faults, and similar geologic structures along with empty cracks. The difference is whether material was pulled into the crack, or expelled from the crack by electric fields. Either way, the crack was made by shock waves.

That is why there are a lot of diagonal cracks. Also polygonal cracks. There are triangles, rectangles, squares and diamonds everywhere in the rocks, the mountain flanks and the outline of mountain peaks. The mountains are composed of triangles at virtually every scale. These were caused by shock waves.

Figure 3. Diagonal seam in sandstone tetrahedron due to a shock wave
Figure 4. The windward face of a tetrahedron displays the effects of multiple shock wave reflections. San Rafael, Utah.
Figure 5. Frozen in time, off-gassing from a shock wave.
Figure 6. Cross current shock wave interference.

It’s also why they form at particular angles. Mainstream theory assumes rock strata always forms horizontally, and then “uplift” shifts strata into various angles. Uplift is assumed to be caused by the stretching and compression of the crust due to tectonic movements. It is then assumed, erosion from wind, ice, vegetation and rain over millions, or billions of years then polishes the crustal surface into the forms we see today.

The assumptions they make are actually ridiculous. Most rock is very brittle. Limestones and sandstones can break in your hands. Igneous rocks like granite break with a whack of a hammer. If the planet’s crust churned the way they say, under the forces of compression and expansion, lifting and falling, all the while scraping and jostling for billions of years, the mountains would be piles of rubble, not sharply defined tetrahedrons.

Figure 7. Sharply defined tetrahedrons.

Erosion would further break rocks apart, smoothing their edges, rounding their corners and dissolving any geometry they might have had. The mainstream model of tectonics would leave piles of sand and rubble. Yet what we see are sharply defined geometries that accurately and predictably follow the form of sonic shock waves and the separation bubbles they form at the wind-ground interface.

When a shock wave forms, it forms at an angle to the wind’s direction determined by the ratio of the wind’s speed to the speed of sound, called the Mach number. A Mach number of 1 or more means the wind is supersonic. A Mach number of 2 means the wind is twice the speed of sound, and so on. The incident angle the shock wave makes with the ground varies with the Mach number, so it can be used to determine if winds were consistent, forming a consistent angle, or variable in either speed, or direction. If you know the density of the atmosphere, you can determine the velocity of the wind from the Mach Angle.

Figure 8. Shock waves form at angles related to the wind’s Mach number in a standing wave, or the Mach speed of the object in a moving wave.

Shock waves reflect from an interface (like the ground) just like a beam of light reflects from a mirror. The angle of reflection compliments the incident angle. The ground forms a plane shock waves reflect from. Wherever supersonic winds blew, and evidence suggests that was nearly the entire face of the Earth, standing waves formed and reflected from the ground from every channel of jet-stream wind. In fact, shock waves formed whenever a jet-stream wind changed direction, or expanded, or sheared against the earth, or another wind. Therefore, shock waves patterned the winds – the wind rippled with shock waves as they deposited dust and sand – and the deposits retain the patterns.

See The Damn Pattern

Figure 9 compares images of a diagram of a standing shock wave reflecting from a surface (from wind tunnel tests) with an impression of a shock wave reflection in a mountain exposed by a road cut. Every feature of the laboratory produced shock wave is evident in the road cut. The angle between the incident shock wave and the reflected shock wave forms a “Y”. Inside the “Y”, there is a step in the stratigraphy. The “Y” forms a discontinuity where the layers take a step down, as if this wedge sank. They also angle, or dip differently, just as the pressure regimes inside the “Y” of the diagram do. The stratigraphy inside and out of the discontinuity closely matches the “stratigraphy” of pressure regimes in the boundary layer of supersonic winds – because this hill was formed in the boundary layer of a supersonic wind.

Look people, this ain’t no damn coincidence. How could this happen by conventional theory? How could this wedge drop a few feet and neatly fit the “Y” without it’s edges even getting ruffled? The “Y’ isn’t straight, it has a hyperbolic compound curve. How could the wedge sink and still match this curve perfectly, without pinching or leaving gaps, and without disturbing the geometry of the curves, or strata inside, or on either side of the discontinuity? Why does the angle of the wedge strata shift with respect to surroundings on the left discontinuity, and the lower right, but not at the upper right, where the strata remain consistent across the discontinuity? How come, while falling into the crack, the wedge became thicker in the big white band of strata at the top, but only on one side.

None of this makes sense, unless you consider wind deposition at the boundary layer of a standing shock wave reflection. The discontinuities are the impressions left by the incident and reflected shock waves. They form a sharp, geometric boundary with no evidence of friction between. As dust deposited, it met this shock wave and followed the pressure and charge density profile of the shock wave. Dust was sucked down into this hole by pressure differentials across the boundary layer, but layered in proportionate thickness to the step voltages that segregated each pressure regime, and the type of dust being delivered by the plasma wind.

The wind had to pile this dust and gravel pretty fast because the layers filled concurrently. That is, the layers didn’t stack up one after the other. They fire-hosed in, each layer at the same time, segregated by the dielectric property of the dust. Amazing when you think about it, but it was all one flow segregated like a rainbow that suddenly came to a stop and compacted itself into a mountain, freezing in that moment this shock reflection and the effect of it’s sudden pressure anomaly in the air-flow.

Ask anyone to look at this picture and say how the layers deposited, and I guarantee they will respond: “one on top of the other, sequentially over time, with the lowest being the oldest.” Whod’a thunk it all blew in together one one big rainbow of horizontal winds, and then stuck due to static electricity? It’s not easy to wrap your head around because we have been taught not to think outside “The Box”.

One thing you’ll notice: the reflected shock in the diagram is concave with respect to the incident shock, whereas the road cut shows a convex relationship. Take note, this is a particular feature of shock waves. The concave/convex relationship is a function of how the wind is vectored with respect to the ground interface – whether it’s parallel to the ground, lifting from the ground, or driving into it. The diagram depicts a wind moving left to right parallel to the floor of the wind tunnel. The road cut is in a hill the wind was impinging on as it built, and lifting over, changing the Mach angle with respect to level ground, and the reflection geometry from concave to convex.

This also explains why the white band gets thicker on the right of the road cut, but the diagram shows the “edge of the boundary layer” (also marked BL in the diagram) turns down and narrows this top band in the “Y”. The road cut white band widens because it intersects a convex shock wave reflection, whereas in the diagram this top band narrows because it intersects a concave wave. It is a trivial matter to change the concave/convex relationship by simply changing the incident angle of impinging winds. There is also a lambda foot structure at the very bottom tip of the “Y” in both cases. These little details are proof of shock wave formation.

See the damn pattern. These images are scientific proof – a direct link between repeatable empirical tests and nature. This is far more evidence than anything geologists have presented for any of their “tectonic” theories. Any. Ever. Their theories are built on the big ideas of arrogant, goateed, bow-tied phonies without a shred of empirical evidence. Their “evidence” it’s conveniently shrouded in the depths of time – millions and billions of years of imperceptible, sand grain-by-sand grain movement which they are still working to explain how CO2 made happen. Who are we to question them? Actually there is no need to question them – just stop listening to them, and for Christ’s sake, stop giving them money.

Bubbles in the Wind

The shock feature exhibited in the road cut is only a small part in the full picture of a supersonic wind-generated shock wave. It’s best to think of shock waves as the membrane of a bubble. On one side of the membrane is a gas of higher pressure than on the other. The entire bubble structure is very complex, however, with regions of expansion and compression, recirculation, laminar flow and turbulence in a supersonic wind that is passing through the bubble. In a dusty plasma it gets even more complex, with electric fields, sheets of current and step voltages across the membranes, which is no longer the physics of fluid dynamics, but of magneto-hydrodynamics.

The following image shows where I think the road cut feature came from. This part of the shock wave structure dips into the separation bubble, which is the turbulent region at the base of the bubble. The separation bubble is where dust collects, which ultimately buried the tip of the shock wave. This shock wave is not the primary incident wave, but a harmonic reflection of it that does not always form, depending on conditions.

Figure 10. Circled is region of the shock wave that made the feature in the road cut.

Note the fine vertical lines to the right of the primary shock wave in the image. These are step-wise gradations of pressure in the airflow throughout the shock wave structure. In a plasma these gradations are also steps in potential. These vertical gradations can be seen in rocks, criss-crossing the diagonal shock waves produced by the Mach angle.

Sometimes dust can fill the entire “lambda foot structure” where the incident and reflected shock meet at a triple point. In which case you get mountains like this.

To be clear, some mountains are formed inside the separation bubble, or “separated flow zone” in the image, and some mountains fill the entire “Lambda shock structure”. The Lambda foot manifests at the base of every shock reflection, so it is a repeating fractal element of the shock wave and appears at different scales. The stratigraphy in the separation bubble “dips” (meaning angled with respect to horizontal) consistent with the wind’s vector inside the shock bubble, because that is how the wind layers its dust load. Mountains that fill the entire Lambda structure may have stratigraphy that dips at a shallower angle than the dip of Mach angle displayed by its flat triangular face, because the wind was vectored upward and dust fell, filling the lambda foot from the bottom.

Although this should not be taken as a hard and fast rule, because there are always variables; generally speaking of wind generated mountains, it can be said that is why shallow dipping hills, foothills and mountains have layered stratigraphy that dips with the contour of the mountain, while large triangular peaks are more like layered bricks – not necessarily horizontal, but a relatively shallow angle at odds with it’s outline.

Mt. Everest is a good example of a big lambda foot mountain. In fact, at 29,029 feet, I’m pretty confident it’s the biggest, baddest lambda foot ever. Follow it’s stratigraphy, such as its famous “yellow band” and you can see the dip in relation to the facets of it’s outline.

Figure 12. Mount Everest, made by wind moving left-to-right, and up in this image.

That’s how mountains are formed. The evidence is everywhere, and looking at cracks yields, well, mountains of information about their genesis. The interface between stratigraphic layers are cracks by my definition, in case you think I’m loosing the thread; talking about the shape of mountains instead of cracks. Cracks are the remnant signature of shock waves and electric currents produced in the storm that built the mountain, just as the outline of a mountain is. The contour of the mountain, the cracks in it and the dip of it’s sediments are all related to shock waves. The angles in their layers and contours is pure information about their creation, because information is always a waveform, and the mountains store the waveform.

Electricity in a shock wave is especially shocking

The shock wave, and shock wave reflections, form an electric field across the walls of the wave in the manner of a capacitor. A double layer forms on the interfaces with a dielectric field between. The charged layers can be the same or opposite polarity to the charge of the dust being deposited, leaving ether a void, or hardened rock. A hardened seam will have more conductive material, like the quartz in rock veins, than the surrounding country rock-matrix.

Mineral bearing veins, for instance, bear conductive minerals like gold, silver and copper because these conductive materials were attracted by the electric field of the shock wave either as a vapor from the atmosphere, or by diffusion through the ground (or by transmutation, but that is over my head. I don’t have my alchemy license yet.). Diffusion through the ground is how consensus theory works, with the attractor being hydrothermal venting. Why hydrothermal venting should attract metals from far and wide isn’t clear. An electric field does that though, without question, so our theory is already better if Occam’s razor means anything.

The quartz veins in the images of granite were created by an emergent effect of shock waves, called traveling waves. Note there are four wide quartz veins (see large image) in two pairs that parallel each other diagonally across this granite face. Traveling waves are semi-stable reflected waves that migrate through a shock wave structure due to instabilities in the bubble. The even vertical lines that appear in Figure 10 are examples in a steady wind. But shock wave bubbles can wobble just like soap bubbles, producing instabilities as wind speed and direction varies. They move in harmony to the shock wave frequency in repeating patterns. That is why there is a pair-of-a-pair of similarly structured, yet highly complex repeating forms in these rock veins.

The next image shows clastic dikes in Washington State. These dikes are vertical-to-diagonal intrusions in a sedimentary hill exposed by road cut. Each dike is layered, vertically, with different fineness of sediment graded from silt to gravel, in each separate layer. The sediments inside the dikes are completely different material than the hill they intrude in. It’s as if each vertical layer of the dike sucked a different dust down into it from somewhere other than the mountain it’s in.

And that is exactly right. Each layer in this dike was a separate funnel of air pulling dust down from different regions of the shock wave bubble, where different grades and types of rock were flowing in segregated jet stream winds. The “funnels” were traveling waves that deposited these dikes in little, downward pointing pressure regime spikes, while the separation bubble filled around them.

It’s hard to think on this scale. The cracks, dikes and veins just shown were produced in the very bottom of a shock wave structure like the one shown in this image. They formed in the turbulent back-end of the separation bubble, a result of friction where the wind literally scraped the ground. Mountains like Everest, the Matterhorn and thousands of lesser peaks were formed by dust filling the entire lambda foot structure, forged by winds and electric potentials that are nearly incomprehensible.

Supersonic winds had to wrap the entire planet. Earth looked like Jupiter, only a lot worse. The fastest winds rolled up and down, and swept against the ground because they were driven by electric currents coupled to the Earth’s. Higher winds moved slower, circulating positive charge in a halo over the concomitant destruction and creation below. Hence the Ouroboros. It did circle the Earth, winding and coiling like a serpent eating it’s tail.

It’s all circuitry. Every feature points to the actions upstream in the current path. That is why the true creation story is knowable. The patterns remain that tell the story. Frequencies, harmonies, wavelengths and wave-guides. Shock waves are wave-guides. Everything is electric. Everyone needs to know this, the sooner the better.

Thank you.

Eye of the Storm – Part 6

Large Scale Ground Features

Telluric currents, or  simply ground currents, are electric currents that diffuse through the Earth’s crust, influencing what happens on the surface and in the atmosphere. They control where storms brew, the direction of jet streams and flood waters, even where mountains form.

It’s cause is capacitance, and the resultant effect of charge and magnetic fields in motion: inductance. Where current flows in conductive paths beneath Earth’s crust, the atmosphere ‘mirrors’ the pathways with currents of ionized wind – although, because of electromagnetic influence, it is a ‘fun house’ mirror effect. Just as we’ve traced the effects of winds on the landscape and mapped their turbulent route, we can also map major ground currents.

We can only speculate on the nature of subsurface currents, because we can’t see them, other than to say they are hot and electric. We don’t know the conductor they travel in, but we can say they are “surface conductive”, meaning the currents flow in a particular layer, or regime of layers under the crust.

Current flows in surface conductive layers where ionization occurs most readily. Capacitance induces charge to collect at the boundary between layers of different material, because each material has different properties. Surface tension has to form at the interface of layers, which places higher charge density at the interfaces to form a double layer of capacitance induced, opposing charge, and a voltage drop.

The troposphere is example of such a regime above our heads, where atmosphere ionizes, brewing thunderstorms and cyclones. Ground currents flow under the crust, deep in strata we can only imagine and decipher through sonic echo. But we can also infer their paths from surface expressions.

They express themselves where magnetic fields pierce the crustal layer, creating a path for current to discharge. These are volcanoes. So, briefly let’s look at how volcanoes form as a result of ground currents.

Static field of a magnet.

To understand the Electric Earth, one must understand that everything is in constant flux. Nothing in the electrical circuit is static.

Moving current in Nature generates magnetic fields that are dynamic, pulsing and undulating; contracting and expanding in feedback to charge density and momentum in the current that creates it.

Nature’s invisible magnetic fields are mobile, responding to waves of current.

The magnetic flux of a moving current rings around the current according to the “right hand rule”. It also filaments, like electric current, forming tubes of magnetic flux.

Eddy current is induced to flow in a helical path along these tubes. Where these filaments penetrate the crust, a channel forms as heat builds from resistance to the induced current, melting and drawing up magma. A blister forms on Earth’s surface where current, heat and trapped gases push through and escape.

Study volcanic cinder cones, and you’ll find they often – not always – display a perceptible counter-clockwise twist to their form which is a result of the upward spiraling current induced along the magnetic line of flux.

Santa ana el salvador

So let’s define two types of ground currents:

Primary Ground Currents – primary currents are large snaking veins of subsurface current flowing pole-to-pole, creating what is perceived as plate boundaries. Indeed, they form the continental plate boundaries, mid-ocean ridges and deep rift zones. But it’s not because the plates are broken and rolling over each other in the consensus theory of “subduction”. Ridges and rift zones, volcanic chains and islands are the magnetic signature of the primary subsurface currents, where the crust is broken, softened and hot.


Then there are secondary current filaments that form ring currents that loop away, perpendicular from the primary current. One obvious secondary ring is on display in the deep ocean trenches and island chains in the Caribbean. This image shows the ring current that loops through the Caribbean from the Eastern Pacific Rise portion of the Ring of Fire.

Surface evidence of a ring current beneath the Caribbean Sea.


Where the secondary current connects to primary, the juncture is called a “triple junction”. Triple junctions occur at the plate boundaries. For instance, the Rivera Triple Junction is where the Rivera Plate meets the Eastern Pacific Rise (EPR). The Rivera Triple Junction is also where the Caribbean secondary loop connects to the primary. Triple junctions are known hot spots for volcanic and seismic activity, and magnetic anomalies.

The point is that there is correlation between secondary loops and fractures in the crust. Fractures are electro-mechanical signatures of the ground currents, and triple junctions indicate the juncture of secondary loops.

Another reason we can infer this ground current loop is the string of volcanoes along it. From Jamaica to where it hooks south to the coast of Venezuela, volcanic island chains are magnetic expressions of the Caribbean current loop. Islands appear to the inside of the loop, and deep trenches appear to the outside. The “right hand rule” tells us current direction is north in this loop, inducing hot current to well-up left of it’s path, and pulling down the sea-floor to it’s right.


There is also evidence the current moved, snaking south to form the Cuban island chain before locking it’s position in a straight line. Where the current dives beneath Central America to the Rivera Plate in the Pacific, a volcanic lineament shows its path.

Volcanic Lineament in Southern Mexico displays current loop.

Lateral current movements of this type can be found all over the world, making ground current mapping fun. The momentum change in the current produces distinctive arcs of deep depressions, lakes, mountains and volcanic island chains, as the current first bends into sinuous paths before snapping straight. The sinuous curves show the resistance to compression, like a steel spring being squeezed.


The arrows in these images point the apparent direction of the lateral movement. Note there are a few arrows pointing both ways, meaning I’m not sure which way it went.


One of the reasons currents make these lateral moves is because each side of the loop flows in opposite directions, creating dipolar attraction that narrows the loop. Volcanic activity and faulting is greatest at the curvatures in the loop, because it is where charge density and change in momentum is greatest, producing the strongest electric fields.

If we apply this same basic morphology – that triple junctions are connections between primary and secondary currents, that secondary currents raise volcanoes and create depressions, and that lateral current movement occurs where these features are most prevalent, we can use this to infer a secondary current beneath North America.

The Great Attractors

Now let’s examine North America, and the epicenter of the storm over the Colorado Plateau. Thanks to Jupiter, we understand it’s wind patterns, how they correlate to the plateau, and we can now correlate those with the significant volcanic lineaments in North America, adding another layer of information to analyze.


The Ring of Fire is the most obvious path of a primary polar current. Along North America, this portion of the ‘Ring” defines the plate boundary and a lineament of strato-volcanoes from Alaska to Central America.

If you connect the volcanoes like dots, this portion of the Ring of Fire forms two lineaments, or straight line features down the west coast of North America.

The volcanic chains are the expression of induced current rising through the crust, and faulting is from electro-mechanical down force. The volcano lineaments are east of the faulting, implying a south directed current according to the “right hand rule”.

There are three other major lineaments in central North America’s interior. Yellowstone super-volcano is one end of a curving lineament of volcanoes in a trend that forms a part of the Snake River Valley across southern Idaho.


To the south, is a string of volcanic fields called the Jemez Lineament. The Jemez Lineament extends diagonally from the Pinacate Volcanic field in Sonora, Mexico, northeast across Arizona, to the border between Colorado and New Mexico.


It’s bisected by a northwest-to-southeast lineament of volcanoes that include the San Francisco Peaks and the Uinkaret volcanoes on the North Rim of Grand Canyon.

SFField Quaternary fields_LI

With all of these plotted together on one map, a pattern begins to emerge that implies a secondary current loop beneath North America.

Consider volcanoes an electrode poking through the surface of the crust. Plotted, the Jemez and San Francisco Peak volcanic lineaments produce an almost perpendicular cross pattern, juxtaposed symmetrically across the Colorado Plateau from the volcanoes of the Yellowstone complex, and aligned with the Ring of Fire.

volcano_lines2_LI (4)


The Jemez lineament aims directly to the Guadalupe micro-plate to the southwest, and to the arc of the Great Lakes to the Northeast

The loop appears to circle the Great Lakes and points back to the Black Hills in South Dakota, which appears to be an inflection point. From there it points to the Juan de Fuca plate in a direct line through Yellowstone.

It has a similar shape and size to the Caribbean current loop, with the base of the loop wider than the tip.

Similar to the Caribbean Loop, there is a significant depression at the tip. In this case the Great Lakes, but they reside on the inside of the loop, whereas ocean trenches are outside the Caribbean Loop.


And where the Caribbean Loop has volcanic islands inside the curve of the loop, the North American Loop has maar craters (see “The Maars of Pinacate“), forming a series of circular lakes surrounding the arc of the Great Lakes. Only a few circular, or circular lake formations are highlighted here to show the trend.



Maars are volcanoes created by steam and other gases exploding from heat instead of spewing ash and lava. Smaller such expressions are known as karsts and breccia pipes. They are all forms of diatremes, and are often mined for uranium and precious metals, which the eruption leaves behind in the throat of the tube. The surface result is a crater instead of a cinder cone.

Further east there are long linear lakes, forming striations in the land normally attributed to glaciation. They may well be from glaciation, but the direction and orientation also suggest they could be from a contracting current loop passing below.

There is a large body of evidence for glaciation, and Electric Earth theories do not dispute, or conflict with the evidence. However several landscape features attributed to glaciation may be misinterpreted. These cuts are a possibility.


The implication is that the loop current lies below aquifers that erupted in steam, creating the maars. And that the volcanic expression is to the outside of the loop, depressions to the inside, so current circulates north-to-south in this loop – opposite to the Caribbean Loop.


The shape of the Great Lakes, especially Lake Superior, show the sinuous shape of ground current movement. It appears the loop narrowed, or swung to the south, until the southern leg aligned to the Jemez Lineament.


The Yellowstone volcano lineament is a half circle, and also appears to be from ground current movement. In this case, the movement is north from the Monterrey Micro-plate, to the Juan de Fuca triple junction. This widened the base of the loop, with the pivot point of the shift at the Black Hills of South Dakota.


Tertiary Ground Currents and Surface Dipoles

Two like charge electrodes – either cathode or anode, have electric fields in opposition.

Since we regard volcanoes as electrodes poking through the crust, they should also be considered anodic, as they expel ionic matter. This charged matter is current in a circuit, and electric field lines between two anodes don’t connect – they repel each other. A circuit has to go somewhere, so there also must be cathodes to provide a sink for the currents.

The volcanic anodes spit ions into the atmosphere, so the circuit has to complete through the atmosphere, back to ground. We know how this happens. It’s called lightning. Specifically, “negative lightning”, which you may wish to review in “Nature’s Electrode“.

Where negative lightning strikes, it burns and blasts the land, initially causing a crater. But the return stroke draws positive ionic matter to it, leaving a mound. So a volcano is an anode spitting matter into the atmosphere, necessarily connected to a cathode, which is a lightning spitting thunderstorm drawing in-flow winds and matter to it.


Negative lightning gathers positive surface ions to it, piling-up a mountain. It often produces winds in excess of Mach speed, producing tetrahedral shock features on the flanks. They come in a variety of forms, depending on the severity of the discharge and the material on the ground it affects.

Two prominent lightning fulgamites are juxtaposed, either side of Yellowstone, creating dipolar alignments. The Black Hills to the east, and Sacajawea Peak, in Eastern Oregon. The ground current runs straight through this alignment to the Juan de Fuca plate.

lyellowstoone dipoles1

Black Hills, S. Dakota

Sacajawea Mountain Complex, Oregon

Note that both are very large mountain complexes, with multiple peaks. They form roughly circular mountain lobes surrounded by river valleys, like a moat around a castle.

Two opposite charge electrodes form a dipole, and the electric field is strongest in a straight line between them.

There are several more of these large fulgamites throughout the Colorado Plateau. Actually, there are millions of them, but most are small and are in proximity to the largest. Mapping the most prominent, along with the most prominent volcanoes, yields a picture of where tertiary ground currents flow.

Remember we have Primary and Secondary ground currents. Now there is a Tertiary current flowing close beneath the ground between anode and cathode spots.

Since we know an electric field between an anode and a cathode – a dipole – produces a field pattern with the maximum voltage gradient directly between them, we can connect volcanoes and their most proximate fulgamites with straight lines and get an approximation of the electric field at ground level.

Plateau complex6
Volcanoes (red), Fulgamites (blue), Dipolar Alignments (violet).

Major dipole alignments (violet), primary and secondary ground currents (green).

If you’re having trouble picturing this, think of the electric field as a blanket held in the hands of firemen. The anodes and cathodes are where their hands hold the blanket. Presumably, they are going to catch a victim of a fire jumping from a high window, so they hold the blanket very tight. All the tension in the blanket is between their hands – single lines of tension, like ropes. The rest of the blanket is slack. So, just by knowing where the “hands are” – the anodes and cathodes – you know the basic topology of the blanket.

Now, consider that each of these lines of tension in the ground is just the bottom half of a loop that arches through the atmosphere. One leg of the loop is a volcano spewing, and the other is a raging thunderstorm of biblical proportion, it’s lightning and inflow winds building a mountain beneath.

Through the center of the loops flow jet-streams of induced current plasma. It is simple electromagnetic induction for a current loop to draw a plasma wind through it. So ground-level, horizontal jet streams pour through at ninety degrees to the loop. Consequently, we can draw ground winds perpendicular to the violet lines denoting major dipoles and create a wind map.

Plateau complex8_LI (2)
Wind map from electric field lines on the ground inducing current paths in the atmosphere.

And this wind map is eerily similar to the wind map generated from the pattern of tetrahedrons on wind-blown mountains and up-draft dome/down-draft crater pairs mapped in “Eye of the Storm – Part 4“.

updraftdowndraftrain_li (6)
Wind map from physical features on landscape indicating wind direction.

In fact, they produce virtually identical wind maps, except for the fact the electric field model cannot show high level winds. It only shows ground hugging jet-streams.

Mapping up-draft domes and down-draft craters with a true understanding of thunderstorms and cyclones is the only way to find vertical winds and understand the full, three dimensional current path.

So what does this mean? It means the firmament was formed by volcano, wind, lightning and electric fields due to Earth’s capacitance.

The wind is displayed by physical features, such as shock wave patterns that cannot have been formed seismically, or by erosion.

The Laboratory

The wind is displayed by ground current paths that produce dipolar nodes of volcanoes and fulgamites.

The wind is displayed by the footprints of up-draft domes and down-draft craters that portray the vertical dimension.

And we have an ongoing, observable laboratory experiment to compare with right here in this Solar system.


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Eye of the Storm – Part 3

Some storms suck and others blow…

On Earth, hurricanes and typhoons are called cyclones and occur over the oceans.  The cyclonic storm develops an eye in the center of rotation, where high altitude, dry air is drawn down the center. The thing to know is that the eye of a cyclone is a downdraft wind.

The center of a cyclone is a downdraft

Over land, we see a different effect. Super-cell thunderstorms develop a rotating meso-cyclone that rises in a tower that spreads an anvil cloud. The thing to know is that the center of a thunderstorm is an updraft wind.

Thunderstorms’ central meso-cyclone is a rotating updraft.

If you look at these different storms from above, the cyclone blows at the ground, and the thunderstorm sucks at the ground. The pattern of wind in each type of storm is due to capacitance in the electrical circuitry of the Earth.

The thunderstorm as a circuit…

The electric winds of a thunderstorm can be likened to a rope. Generally,  the rope winds up the towering meso-cyclone to a cap, the anvil cloud, and unwinds from there to non-rotating channels of rain flanked by downdraft winds.

The mature storm forms a circuit – a current loop from ground through the meso-cyclone and back to ground – as rain.

The very pattern of a super-cell betrays it’s identity: It is a stack of dielectric layers through which a current flows. Condensing, and then freezing moisture in the updraft sheds ionized matter into cold plasma currents that produce rain, lightning and tornadoes.

A massive, cold plasma halo in the sky acts like a live electrode hanging over the ground, with an air gap between. The updraft current is from ions swept from ground level. It loops through a negative plasma low in the cloud where condensation occurs, and continues to a positive plasma in the anvil, where ice forms. At each level, the recombined matter – the rain and ice – are shed and return to ground. Flanking down-draft winds are excess currents of uni-polar wind that complete the storm’s looping circuit to ground.

Three Dimensional Jet Streams

Charge densities are responsible for the geometry of storms. As negative charge builds in the bottom wet layers of cloud it strengthens the local electric field and draws winds to it. Above, in the cold icy layers at high altitude, a positive layer of charge accumulates to balance the charge below, and it spreads out in a huge disc.

Thunderstorms central core sucks wind up and diffuses laterally in an anvil cloud.

Likewise, on the ground below the cloud, positive charge accumulates to balance the cloud charge and feed the central updraft. Lightning arcs contribute to balancing the charged layers, dissipating charge at points of highest potential.

But the build-up of charge density around the core of the storm also means there is a secondary vector in the electric field running horizontally through the cloud layers. As ionic matter is drawn to the storm by updraft and concentrated, it depletes charge from the far field region of atmospheric layers, creating local electric fields which draw current horizontally, transverse to the electric field at the core of the storm.

Charge diffuses horizontally, as well as vertically, and the visual evidence is in the symmetry and coherence of the tightly wound meso-cyclone. The base of the storm which draws charge to it – and the spreading anvil cloud which disperses charge away.

Consensus science says the green glow of a meso-cyclone is light reflecting from water in the clouds. Yet the rain curtain, which is water, doesn’t glow green at all. In fact rain clouds that aren’t in a meso-cyclone don’t glow green either, though they are saturated with water too. The green glow is coronal discharge.

Everything about thunderstorm morphology speaks to layers of capacitance in a point-to-plane circuit that loops through an air gap to ground.

Consensus science has attributed the electrical charge build-up in thunderstorms to “static” charge from colliding rain and ice. One flaw in this idea is: there is nothing static anywhere, at anytime, in any place in a thunderstorm. Everything moves – and that means charge, too. And that means one undeniable thing: electric current. To not model a thunderstorm as such flies in the face of reason.

Fractal Progression

In a hurricane the airflow is very different from a thunderstorm. Consider the wind-flow again as a piece of rope: the rope enters whole down the central vortex, and unwinds into several threads of vertical up-and-down drafts flowing radially away from the storm’s eye in rotating currents.


It’s almost the inverse of a thunderstorm, which has a rotating updraft that unwinds into threads of non-rotating downdrafts and rain.

The cyclone’s rotating updraft bands are made of thunderstorms, which electrically, suggests the entire cyclone is a next-level fractal expression of the thunderstorm, in which the independent loops of thunderstorms’ maintain their form, but have organized together creating loops within loops, and vortexes within vortexes – fractal repetition of form.

In fact, thunderstorm cells interact as looped currents all the time, even when not part of a larger cyclonic system. One storm cell can arch it’s anvil cloud over another, and suck the life out of it by absorbing its energy. One can witness this as squall lines of thunderstorms develop.

Comparing the characteristics of thunderstorms and hurricanes (northern hemisphere) shows the similarities and polar opposite characteristics that naturally develop in this fractal progression:

Attribute Thunderstorm Hurricane
Surface Condition Over land Over ocean
Central Core Wind Wet, hot, rotating updraft of condensation Dry, cold, non-condensing, non-rotating downdraft
Outer Winds Non-rotating, dry downdraft winds flanking a rain curtain Circumferential rotating wet updraft winds and rain bands
Rotation Counter-clockwise central updraft meso-cyclone, wall clouds and tornadoes rotate in the core of the storm Counter-clockwise, outer winds and rain bands rotate around the central downdraft core of the storm
Discharge modes Vertical winds, lightning and tornadoes Rotating wind. Cyclones produce very little lightning and comparatively weak tornadoes.

In a hurricane, thunderstorms organize like synchronized swimmers swimming in a circle, creating a whirlpool down-draft in the center. The organized entity has more power than a meso-cyclone, but it’s diffused over a greater area and creates less tension in the electric field.

Vertical winds of thunderstorms in the rotating bands dominate the structure of a cyclone.

Super-cell thunderstorms are small in comparison to cyclones, but create a higher electrical tension that produces far more lightning and powerful tornadoes.

One reason a cyclone is different from a meso-cyclone is that cyclones form over water. The electrode spot on a featureless, homogeneous surface of ocean diffuses charge broadly and evenly. On land, there are mountains, mineral and water deposits that ‘focus’ the electric field, by providing greater conductivity, or increasing charge density at elevations.


A similar relationship exists between thunderstorms in mountain regions and the super-cells on the plains that produce horrendous tornadoes. Mountainous regions rarely produce tornadoes because high points and mineral deposits collect charge, increasing the electric field tension to draw arcs of lightning. The diffusion of ground charge on flat plains allows discharge between ground and cloud to spread out, which favors spinning Marklund plasma currents instead of intense bolts of lightning. The tornado is a more diffused, slower, less intense discharge than a lightning bolt, but still a fractal element of discharge within the thunderstorm.

The cyclone is a fractal step-up in scale from the meso-cyclone. It isn’t just a bigger thunderstorm, it’s a whole new entity composed of the old entities, re-organized into a higher level of complexity. It’s like striking one octave above a note and finding harmony – two notes in resonance that create a new sound, more complex than the sum of each note.

The cyclone is the next level of storm complexity, where the thunderstorm cells act in harmony and begin to share lanes of updraft and downdraft winds, manifolding together and developing a coherent rotation. Ultimately this forms an eye with a downdraft in the center, and a cyclone is born.

But a cyclone is not the most powerful level of fractal progression for storms on Earth. The next fractal level of plasma form is when a cyclone and meso-cyclone organize. This creates the most destructive storms of all, at least that we see today.

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A “Perfect Storm”

In our historic period we don’t see storms that exceed the level of the so called, “Perfect Storm”. Like the famous book of that name, which described the last voyage of a fishing boat caught between such storms, where a hurricane and nor’easter met.

When meso-cyclone and cyclone come together, they produce a loop current. It’s fractal progression of the thunderstorm current — updraft to downdraft and rain. Only one big meso-cyclone connected to a cyclone makes one big current. Outflow at ground level from the cyclone feeds the meso-cyclone, and discharge from the high level anvil feeds the cyclone’s eye. Coherency emerges from plasma actions expressed at every level of the storm in greater and greater complexity.

In our present climate on Earth, “The Perfect Storm” is as bad as it gets. But we are only seeing an echo of the drama of primordial storms. Even though we see lightning and devastating three hundred mile-per-hour winds – violent enough to destroy our matchstick homes – it does not scour us with supersonic winds, hot plasma tornadoes and electric arcs that shape mountain ranges.

But it did, at some point long ago. Updraft winds of meso-cyclones and downdraft eyes of cyclones became supersonic jet-streams. An energized geomagnetic field amplified the magnetic flux in coronal loops generating co-rotating storms that sucked and blew at the land, leaving vast craters and domes. The ring currents multiplied, too, generating smaller harmonic repetitions – more intense fractal repetitions that produced hot, probably glowing plasma tornadoes and incredibly huge arcs, large enough to boil a mountain from the earth.

As fractal evolution progresses with the application of a larger electric field, thunderstorm cells multiply and their downdrafts grow to cyclones, until multi-vortex systems spin within multi-vortex systems, which are within a multi-vortex system. Nested fractal repetition of form.

We sense winds as horizontal. We describe them that way: nor’easter, westerly, windward and leeward. We rarely think of vertical winds unless we are right under them, and then it is considered an unusual and often catastrophic event. Down-bursts, tornadoes and related vertical effects; lightning and storm surge, are the most destructive elements of storms. Vertical winds impact smaller regions, but are far more violent than horizontal winds.

In primordial storms, vertical winds literally blow-torched the land, and sucked at it like a vacuum hose. We can see this in the geology.


The Solar Example

Strip away the hydro-dynamics of a dense atmosphere, fully ionize the environment to see the raw electric currents in a hot plasma, and it’s like an x-ray view of a storm.

Sunspots are Solar Hurricanes

Sunspots are Solar hurricanes. The central core is a downdraft wind diving beneath the chromosphere. The filaments radiating from the core are coronal loops, attached at one end to the core, and the other to plasma “thunderstorms” – the updraft leg of the loop, which are positioned in a circumferential ring around the core, feeding it filaments of current.

Coronal loops are current discharges along magnetic field lines feeding the core downdraft of a sunspot. The loops are currents trying to break through the Solar atmosphere. When they do break through, it becomes a Solar flare.

Capacitors are used in electronics and power supply systems to control current flow. They are composed of two conductive plates facing each other with a gap between. The gap is filled with a dielectric material that resists current flow. In its intended operation, current does not pass through the dielectric. Current results from charge build-up and discharge from the plates on either side of the gap.


The hows and whys of a working capacitor are fascinating, but what we are interested in for this discussion is how a capacitor fails. A capacitor fails when current actually flows through the dielectric. It’s termed dielectric breakdown, and occurs when the voltage applied to the capacitor exceeds it’s capacity to store charge on the plates. The dielectric fails to resist the electric field across it and it sparks. That is what we see when lightning strikes – the dielectric breakdown of the layer of air between a cloud and ground. An ionized channel develops in the dielectric and the built-up charge on the plates suddenly dumps through the channel.

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Coronal loops form as current tries to break through the Solar atmosphere.

We see the discharge as almost instantaneous, but in reality there is a prior period when the dielectric absorbs charge and builds the ionized channel. Charge has to diffuse through the dielectric before the channel forms and connects the plates. The diffusion of charge through a spherical capacitor, like the Sun’s atmosphere, creates current loops within the dielectric. As charge is absorbed by the dielectric, it forms currents that loop from one plate into the dielectric, and back to the same plate, because they have no path yet to reach the other plate.

As voltage increases, the loops grow (absorption) extending the ionized path further and further, until it breaks through the atmosphere and discharge occurs.

Solar flares occur when the current breaks through.

In storms on Earth, the same looping current flows are in the form of weak plasma winds because the atmosphere is only partially ionized. Cold plasma is mixed with neutral species, so thermo-electric and hydro-dynamic effects come into play, raising complexity, but the underlying electric circuit is the same.



On Jupiter, the same electrical process can be seen occurring, and current loops, or coronal loops can be identified in the Great Red Spot. They appear as Roman colonnades of arches in the cloud, which rise in towering pillars, arch across the sky, and downdraft into the eye of doughnut-shaped cyclones.

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Unadulterated view of the The Great Red Spot.


The arching clouds portray the current loops in a multi-vortex coronal storm. They march around the inner rotation the way thunderstorms circulate the eye of a hurricane. Each doughnut-shaped cloud at the base of an arch is a cyclone of giant proportion with a downdraft through its core. The other end of the arch is the towering updraft of a thunderstorm, and the filament that arches between is the anvil cloud following current flow along a loop connected to a dielectric surface below. They are the tops of vertical ring currents – coronal loops – that are so intense they sculpt the anvil clouds in the shape of the current flow.

NASA can detect these jet stream winds. They are aware of the complex patterns and the violent up and down drafts in the Great Red Spot. Unfortunately, they don’t understand electricity, and so are scratching their heads over the obvious.

The colorized NASA images shows two rows of updraft/downdraft loops riding along the outer circulation of the red region. The entire red region is the giant hurricane with concentric rings of thunderstorms. At the bottom of the red region, the pattern of a double row of arching clouds continues, but the arches are stretched by the rotation of the entire system.

Above the red region is a white shelf cloud that itself has a single, large, counter-clockwise rotation. This is the anvil cloud of a singular giant thunderstorm, and together with the giant cyclone, form one ultra-large “perfect’ storm”.

On Earth, at ground level, these kind of looping currents of cyclone/mesocyclone produced supersonic  updraft and downdraft winds that created domes and craters on the land. The jet-stream winds rode up and down these current loops like a yarn crocheted, up and down, through and around, but always folding into an ambient rotation counter-clockwise.

So, with this in mind, in the next installment of Eye of the Storm, we’ll look at a wind map of North America, and see the evidence of Earth’s electric winds.

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Eye of the Storm – Part 1

Earth’s geology and weather is a result of capacitance in Earth’s electric circuit. Forget anything you’ve been taught about geology. It’s wrong – provably wrong – from evidence you will soon see.

Geology we are taught to associate with billions of years of “tectonic forces” is actually the result of capacitor discharge across Earth’s atmospheric layers. The Earth’s own electric circuit electroplated, etched and arced to form the land, patterned by the Earth’s electric field.

The first evidence of Earth’s electrical formation is provided by the landscape – all one need do is look at it. In this article you will be shown features created by electric winds. The challenge is to believe your eyes and take a serious look at the theory behind it, or to hide yourself in the consensus.

The following images are just a teaser. An explanation and even more dramatic evidence will take some explaining, but first, look at these basin and range mountains and contemplate what caused them..


They look as if a blow torch blasted the land, don’t they? Admit that they do. They are coherent flow patterns formed in concentric waves, and this is undeniably so. Just look.

This is a visual coincidence according to consensus geology. According to accepted scientific explanation for these fluid curves in mountains and basins, that rise and fall in coherent fashion, requires a long sequence of unrelated events.

First, the rocks have to be made at some depth, miles below the surface under millions of years of heat and pressure. Then the ground has to roll in an unproven act called “subduction” which stretches and heaves the land such that the rocks come to surface as mountains, and deep basins form between.Imprimir

The rocks have to push up by faulting from earthquake. And with this violent up-heaval, huge slabs of rock do not get broken, or crumbled to dust as would be expected, but remain largely intact, somehow always ending up in horizontal shelves of rock at consistent dip angles.

Then much of it has to erode away, sand grain, by sand grain, over millions of years of rain and wind, which strangely sharpens the angles of what remains and produces slab-sided triangular buttresses on just one flank of each mountain.

Remarkably, after all these chaotic processes of stretching, lifting, falling and eroding, for millions of years, instead of a pile of rubble, coherent forms of parallel rows of ridge lines, and oval, round and swirling structures of repeating fractal forms emerge. It makes one wonder at the marvelous coincidence of it all. How does a mix of ad-hoc “theories” – guess-work really – and very poor guesswork at that – add up to anything as coherent as these structures. The answer is they don’t.

At least, not in the Electric Universe. Coincidence isn’t a scientific explanation in EU Theory. These features are easily identified as coherent wind-blown features created by winds of primordial times, when Earth was in a different Solar environment. The entire process of their formation will be explained.

The environment was not unique, and that is why it can be explained. It exists today on another planet in this solar system. So, we can look at these bizarre features on Earth and see that the same winds that shaped this land, are very similar to the winds that we see on Jupiter today.

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Take a close look at all the features, because they aren’t just similar, they are almost identical. You have just looked at – in a half dozen pictures – more conclusive evidence than any other theory about Earth’s Geology ever presented. Now let’s expound.

The cyclones on Jupiter produce violent downdraft winds like tightly rotating hurricanes. The “craters” on Earth are the result of super-sonic downdraft winds, as would be produced by such powerful cyclones.

Not only that, but on close inspection, the mountains that form the rim of these “craters” display clear and indisputable sonic shock wave patterns, as described in previous “Arc Blast” articles. These features were indeed “blow-torched”.


The reason these land-forms on earth and the clouds on Jupiter are similar is no coincidence. As will be shown, they trace to the same electrical formation endemic to planetary circuitry. That is capacitance.

The sustained storm called the “Great Red Spot” (GRS) is electrically analogous to primordial weather here on Earth. In fact, so similar is the Great Red Spot on Jupiter to the storms that once raged on Earth, we can visually correlate features. Why that is so, will be explained in the course of these “Eye of the Storm” articles.


The Colorado Plateau

Let’s focus now on the Colorado Plateau, because this high desert plateau and mountain region in North America has a special structure that makes it very easy to understand. It’s easy because, it was the eye of a storm where specific types of winds occurred that can be identified on the land. This will be shown as the result of three simple processes in Earth’s electric circuitry,

  1. Capacitance
  2. Inductance
  3. Ring Currents

Electric storms produced the Plateau, the Rocky Mountains, the Great Basin, and the Sierra Mountains. Storms like hurricanes and thunderstorms we experience today, but of primordial origin, when Earth’s place in the Solar System was a different environment.

It was the electrical environment that was different. The electric field in the Solar System affecting Earth was very different, and it caused the voltage potential between ground and sky to go off-the-charts, rising to trillions of volts. It produced storms that covered the Earth with erupting volcanoes, lightning arcs, winds and tsunami’s that changed the face of the planet.

Winds screamed at Mach speeds, volcanoes erupted country-sized sheets of magma and shrouded Earth with ionic dust. The land became charged with electricity. Arcs erupted from Earth’s interior and scoured it’s face with bolts of surface conductive lightning. Pools of mineral and moisture ionized below deposits, and lifted mountains of earth away in drift currents, in a powerful electric field, the likes of which we have never experienced in our time.

What caused Earth’s electric field to jump to a state of hypertension, and generate the kind of storms that drifted mountains into form – as if made of whipped cream – is out of scope right now. I will explain this in the future … oh yes I will, but for now let’s stay on Earth.

There is evidence of layers upon layers of successive events. It’s apparent that storms of varying magnitude recurred over time, just as they do today. What formed continents and blew mountains into shape was the culmination of many cycles of creation that left the thin veneer of surface geology we now observe.

The geologic onion must be peeled one layer at a time, and looked at with fresh eyes and electricity in the geophysics tool kit. We now look at the outermost layer. Evidence that Earth’s geomagnetic field amped-up to ‘electroplate’ this layer is obvious everywhere, so we start with that evidence and follow where it leads.

Where it leads today, is an overlay of the Great Red Spot of Jupiter, onto Earth, that shows the approximate shape, location and proportion of the multi-vortex storm that created the mountains and high desert plateaus of North America.


The storm left its imprint on the land: it’s vortex outline, it’s internal turbulence, it’s vertical and horizontal jet-stream winds and lightning arcs. The Great Red Spot is, as will be shown, the single most important key we have to understanding weather, geology and our ancient past on Earth. I will, in these articles, put NASA and the rest of academia to shame. This will take some explaining, though. So please be patient and pay close attention.

Before we compare, and explain, the features of the Great Red Spot, and the Colorado Plateau, bear in mind the evidence of electricity in geology and weather that we have already looked at. Each past article features an expression of the primordial storms we are discussing now, and should be understood in that context.

In “Arc Blast Parts 1 – 3”, and “The Monocline”, we looked at triangular, harmonic wave forms on mountain flanks created by supersonic winds and reflected shock waves.

In “The Maars of Pinacate”, we looked at volcanoes, and discussed evidence of their cause being electrical discharges within, or beneath Earth’s crust, and how blossoms of violent eruption drew cinder cones to them by in-flowing, rising winds similar to an air-burst nuclear explosion.

In “Lightning Scarred Earth, Parts 1 – 3″, we looked at craters, pinnacles, dikes and buttes formed by lightning, and how the combination of lightning arcs and ambient winds form mountains.

In “Sputtering Canyons, Parts 1 – 3”, we looked at how dust laden electric winds deposit plateau’s, and how an electric field can diffuse charge through the landscape and cause sputtering to eat away layers of those deposits.

And in “Summer Thermo-pile”, “Tornadoes – The Electric Model”, and “Nature’s Electrode”, we looked at electrical models to explain the form and behavior of lightning, thunderstorms and tornadoes.

The Electric Earth Approach

Each essay presents hypotheses for how electricity is the common denominator in every phenomena. The formula is quite simple. First assume electricity is the one true force in Nature. In other words, accept that acoustics, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, chemistry – all are emergent properties of electricity acting in different phases of mediums. Ignore the emergent effects and identify the underlying electrical process – the wave-forms and circuitry involved.

In every case, an electrical circuit can be found. The emergent effects simply fall into place. In the atmosphere, thermal layers and convection; wind-flow and condensation; high pressure and low; all of these macro-properties follow the thermo-electric properties of air and water vapor in a circuit. They form patterns of plasma currents diffusing as a result of capacitance in the earth and atmosphere.

Virtually every field of physical science; nuclear physics, geophysics, fluid- and thermo-dynamics, chemistry, climate models, you name it – critically rely on mathematical models based on known electrical processes, such as charge diffusion, harmonics and feedback. These are common denominators found in every large scale, time dependent, coherent feature of Nature – which consensus science arbitrarily and incomprehensibly attributes to chaos. The “chaos” is not random, or arbitrary, and actually belies it’s underlying, non-chaotic electrical make-up.

Also, to see the underlying, non-chaotic electrical make-up of Nature, one must recognize electricity is a fractal phenomenon. How current diffuses in a medium, whether plasma, liquid, or solid, takes form in fractal elements that repeat in harmonic scales. So … their form can be identified.

Charge diffusion, whether a z-pinch discharge like a lightning bolt, partial plasma discharge like flames and vertices, or solid state diffusion as in semiconductors, takes form in scalable, harmonic, fractal patterns according to the laws of classical physics, until it’s charge is neutralized in atomic and molecular bonds. The patterns can be seen at every scale, from tiny crystals of silica to continental mountain arcs, and properly identifying them and their cause is the first-level proof of electrical formation.

Geologically, neutralized matter takes form as rock.  Ionized dust deposited by electric wind carries excess charge that must either find a bond, forming crystalline rock, or migrate along the electric field in currents until it finds a place to bond, and neutralize its charge.

If you need laboratory proof, look at any welding process, crystal fabrication, or electro-chemical process where slag is produced. Rocks are manufactured without millions of years of pressure and temperature if electric current is applied. Electricity, even in small currents, can produce temperatures and pressures that exceed that of the Sun. Rocky outcrops, boulder fields, quartz veins, gravel beds, sweeping slopes, triangular flat-irons, volcanic fields, canyons and river beds, all display the effects of electrical diffusion and the secondary effects it produced.

Stone spheres are evidence of electric storms.  They were not formed in the ground subject to gravity, nor were they carved by giants. The spheres were formed by dust drawn into lightning channels and fused in the atmosphere like hailstones, which accounts for the spherical shape. Why they appear at or near beaches will be discussed in future articles.

In the atmosphere, it takes form as clouds. Clouds should be regarded as aerial crystals, because electrically, they form identical to crystals, with a nucleation, aggregation and diffusion process that expands condensation in the atmosphere the same way crystals grow.


The liquid crystal growth of clouds will organize into rotating storm systems as a result of capacitance in Earth’s circuitry. In effect, Earth stores energy as a build-up of charge in it’s layers of crust and atmosphere. Then it dissipates the built-up charge in violent winds, lighting and downpours. Storms are predictable phenomena of capacitor charge build-up and discharge across a partial plasma layer. Vortex winds, updraft winds and down burst winds; anvil clouds, mumatus, meso-cyclone, and tornadoes; all are displays of energized cold plasma in a capacitor’s electric field.




Because these forms are fractal, they repeat their predictable forms wherever the electrical process that forms them is present. What changes from case to case are the elements in the circuitry – impedance, dielectric, voltage, degree of ionization and polarity of plasma. Just as no two snowflakes ever match, they still follow identifiable patterns of crystallization which is fundamentally a process of charge diffusion. Likewise, the variables in the environment create chaos that never produces identical results; but the electrical processes, circuits and fractal patterns they form remain the same and are identifiable.

So, fractal patterns should appear everywhere, including other planets. And that is exactly the case with the Great Red Spot on Jupiter, because it is also a capacitor induced storm. In Part Two of “The Eye of the Storm” we’ll explore the electric winds of Jupiter and discuss how they work.

Cannibal Bigfoot

That’s the rumor, you know. It’s been around for centuries. Though Native American’s often relate Bigfoot as a nocturnal, petty trickster who steals salmon, there are also legends of hairy devils with evil intent.

Photo By Edward S. Curtis – Library of Congress

The Shampe of Choctaw fable,  Ts’el’eni, the woodman of Athabaskan’s in Alaska, the Boqs of the Bella Coola, and Tsiatko, Stick Indians of Salish legend in the Pacific Northwest are a few examples. These big hairy creatures were known for stealing women and children, and eating people.

The Windigo, known to many tribes, is associated with evil. In times of famine, it ate human flesh and forever has a taste for it. There are also the Teihiihan, the little cannibals of Cheyenne and other tribal lore, described as something like a dwarf Bigfoot that entices children to play – and eats them.

Hopi believe Bigfoot is a harbinger of strife and doom. He shows himself to fellow man as a message that human behavior has strayed from the creator’s plan, and an accounting is coming due.

Photo by Edward S. Curtis – Library of Congress

It’s not a cannibal unless it’s human. Otherwise it’s just another predator. Cannibal means a particular type of predator far more chilling to contemplate. The fact Native Americans call it cannibal betrays their belief in what it is. It’s the hairy man of the forest, a brother tribe of people.

Everyone has opinions, including a majority who outright deny its existence. But if you believe in the creature, you’re probably on a spectrum of opinion that runs from a big, relic ape, to a close cousin of mankind. Perhaps an archaic race similar to Neanderthal, or even a hybrid race that interbred with us.

Personally, I suspect they are relic hominids evolved from the same branch of genetic tree we are from. Shave Patty, the Bigfoot in the famous Patterson-Gimlin film, put lipstick and a dress on, and she’d have luck getting picked-up at the Bashful Bandit, my local biker bar.

Photo by Roger Patterson

That seems to be the way Native Americans think about Sasquatch. They are the wild people of the woods, not another animal. They are feared and respected, and not to be allowed near children. They are not something to go looking for.

Enter the ancestors of mad Englishmen. Have you noticed Bigfoot hunters are usually white people? Non-believers account this to the ignorance of white trailer-trash folk, like me, who prefer a walk in Nature to working off the Mercedes payment all day.

This makes no sense to me. I’ll believe an outdoors man about the woods, no matter what the armchair people say. I think it’s because I belong to the only race in denial about Bigfoot.

Genetics experts say non-African people carry around 4% Neanderthal DNA, whereas Africans have hardly any. Maybe there is something dark in the Caucasian past we’re still dealing with. Perhaps that is why it’s existence is so vehemently denied by urbane people who consider themselves the pinnacle of civilization. The realities of the past are too uncomfortable to think about.

One reason Bigfoot fascinates many people is the idea humans and Neanderthal coupled in Europe in the distant past. And in Asia and Melanesia, DNA shows that people slept with Denisovan’s. The term ‘slept with’ is probably not accurate. Rape in the woods is more likely.

It points to a past when catastrophe decimated the population. There have been planet-wide catastrophes that nearly wiped life away, and the human race was reduced to small groups of survivors.

For life to go on, there had to be compromises. Brutal as it seems, there had to be cross-breeding. Perhaps forcibly and uninvited, but necessary nevertheless. It’s even believed cross-breeding bolstered the human immune system, giving us immunity to some disease.

So if there is the remnant of Neanderthal and Denisovan in the gene pool, that means at one time there were people born of interbreeding that had a fifty-fifty blend. Over time those individuals bred with other humans and the gene pool became diluted. Now there is a remnant of their DNA still carried in our blood.

But the corollary must also be true. Some of those hybrid babies were raised by surviving Neanderthal and Denisovan tribes. They would have bred in those communities, diluting the human gene. There must have been a hybrid being whose race was much less human. A feral race with more DNA of the ‘other thing.’

One can imagine they would be smart enough to survive. Smart enough to use rudimentary tools and even communicate.  They could have come from Europe and Asia to populate the New World alongside human beings.

One could also imagine they were hunted mercilessly for indiscretions in the past. Nothing puts a man into fight mode faster than someone stealing his wife and eating his children. They would have been attacked and chased into hiding, like so many Hollywood bigwigs. They would have been the Harvey Weinstein of the time, rightfully shunned for predatory sexual behavior. Harvey even looks Neanderthal, come to think of it.

They got away with it for awhile, when calamitous weather, pestilence and famine decimated life. Survival meant taking what was needed wherever it was available, and the bigger and stronger hominids had the upper hand. Humans didn’t choose to be the wives, or the dinner for their ‘brother’ tribe. But humans had to wake-up at some point and say, “enough!” The Neanderthal and Denisovan would have been hunted down and made to account.

Feared, hunted and killed, and smart enough to understand their persecution, the remnants of those races hid from the enemy. Now they watch and keep track of us when we enter their territory, but like pedophiles and creeps, know better than to show themselves. Except when opportunity allows instinct to take over and satisfy a nasty, old habit.

Native people aren’t the only ones to have these legends, We all do, regardless of race. My people have just sanitized the stories and called them fairy tales to discredit them, but like all stories they begin from a grain of truth. Werewolves and boogeymen, giants and little people have origins of truth in the distant past. Horrible truths.

What happens in the mountains seems to bear this out. People go missing, without rhyme, or reason, never to be seen again. These disappearances have a pattern that is disturbing. David Paulides is an ex-cop and writer who documents strange and inexplicable disappearances in the National Forests.

 The pattern repeats time and again. People go missing without a trace. If a trace is found, or even a body, they are found far from where they disappeared, sometimes in areas nearly impossible to reach.

Small children are found miles from where they vanish, across rugged, mountain country. People disappear while companions are just a few feet away. Experienced outdoors men take a walk and never come home. The typical profile is the last person on the trail, a child who wanders out of sight, or a solo hiker.

The disappearances often occur near a boulder field, rocky pinnacle, or cliff. As I’ve experienced myself, these are hangouts for Bigfoot. They also occur just prior to storms. Maybe an impending storm is a trigger. The blood rises with electricity in the air. A storm also provides cover – a better opportunity to get away.

Dogs trained for tracking can’t find them. Whatever scent they pick-up seems to create fear, and they refuse to track. Some lay down and whimper.

The mountain ranges I frequent have occurrences recorded that fit the profile. The camp host at one of my favorites called it “the last mountain in Arizona,” meaning it’s not overrun by anybody. Well it is, because there are billions of dollars worth of telescopes up there, but the astronomers keep to themselves, fenced inside the observatory. Otherwise, locals go there to hunt and camp, there are a few backpacking trails, and a smattering of cabins, but that’s all.

Many of the locals who go there, both Native American and otherwise, know of the presence of Bigfoot. Reports of intimidation are disturbing. People hear trees snapped in anger in the darkness at the edge of their campsites. Campers get pounded awake with blows that leave dents in the walls of their travel trailers. They hear guttural, unintelligible talking in some jabberwolky language. And there is howling at night.

I listened to howling that sounded like a cage of monkeys fighting a lion. Deep growls and grunts accompanied chimp-like squealing. It was a night of full moon at an elevation far above coyote country. It wasn’t coyote’s.

A few years ago, a woman reported to be mentally disabled walked just a hundred yards behind her family near a campsite in an adjacent mountain range. She disappeared without a trace within sight of her family, who were watchful because of her handicap. She vanished in a brief moment when they turned their attention away. And not a trace could be found. There was no trail, or track to follow.

The prior year, another woman, middle aged, camped with a group of people she didn’t know well. She’d been invited by a friend, but she wasn’t a regular in the group. As they partied around the campfire one evening, she left on her own to watch the sunset from rocky cliffs about a quarter-mile away. The cliffs overlooked a canyon named Hell’s Hole.

This is another common theme. Sightings and disappearances happen in locations with demonic names. One has to wonder why these places were named that way in the first place.

Of course, she was never seen again. Her belongings were left in her tent and no sign of her could be found. The searchers used cadaver dogs, lowered by rope to find her body in the cliffs below, because it seemed that was the only way she could have gone. They found nothing and the mystery remains.

Bigfoot of the Urals – Menk filmed by the Dyatlov Party before they died.

From those same mountains, another story may shed light on what happens. It comes from an elderly woman who camped there with her parents as a little girl. She says she was six years old at the time, so this occurred in the sixties.

She sat on a log in the woods in sight of her parents when she heard something behind her. She turned around to see a big, black creature behind a tree. It was creeping up on her, she said, crawling from tree to tree and hiding behind logs. She thought it was a bear, until it stood up and she saw its face looked human. She ran to her parents and got away, her parents unaware of anything.

I came upon the trunk of a large tree hung upside down, cradled in the branches of another, with other trees leaned against it tee-pee fashion. I studied it trying to fathom if it could have happened naturally. It didn’t seem plausible.

As I scouted around the area, a path, or game trail led through brush, and I followed it a few yards to where it came to a boulder outcrop. As I reached the outcrop, I heard children playing, and realized it overlooked a campsite. The campsite was down the canyon, maybe five hundred feet below.

Typical tree structures mark a Bigfoot Trail

When I climbed onto the rocks, I was met with rock clacks. Something began tapping a substantial rock against another, warning me away. It tapped repeatedly, and not with a little pebble that a squirrel, or bird could pick up. It was a rock I’d gauge as big as my hand. I turned around and left, with the creepy realization that whatever clacked the rock was sitting in that boulder outcrop watching the kids play below.

In every instance I’ve seen, their trails lead uphill to natural lookout sites, usually at large granite outcrops. A ridge, or mountain top with a cap of rock that overlooks a campsite, or roadway is a likely spot.

When I have approached such areas, I have several times heard whoops. On one occasion, crossing a meadow towards an outcropping of boulders, there was a distinct whoop from the treeline to my right, and an answering whoop from the boulders. They were communicating a warning I was coming.

The interesting thing is that I parked my truck and fiddled around next to it for several minutes before I started walking towards the boulders. The whoops came only after I’d left the road and committed across the field. I’m sure the lookout could see me the whole time, but didn’t alarm until I started their way.

They watch us. They hang out in the rocks and trees and watch every move we make. They see us coming as soon as we start. They stay hidden and keep their distance. If we approach they fall back. Only if you keep invading their area do they start clacking rocks, or throwing them. To my knowledge, I’ve never had a rock thrown at me, although a pine cone did hit the car from a clear blue sky once.

Sightings of Bigfoot most often occur on roadways. It’s their biggest vulnerability. We’ve criss-crossed the land with big swaths naked of trees. Where there are trees, the Mountain Devil can’t be seen, except for the occasional glimpse, or surprise encounter. It’s rare they are surprised, but they have to cross roads.

Away from the trails and roads, in areas overgrown with underbrush, beneath peaks and ridges, where dead trees lean against each other, and there are rocky outcrops, and boulder fields – that is where they live. To enter is to experience them watching you, hear their whistles, whoops and clacks, and find their scuffs and footprints.

I filmed the following clip at Hell’s Hole, the location where the woman vanished. You’ll see several things in the video.

First, the trail was blocked every hundred yards, or so with broken trees. I was entering an area that had been closed all winter, and just reopened. I knew from the prior year it was a hot spot, where campsites coincide with access to a creek and one of their trails.

The further I went down the trail, the more trees I found felled, and the more obstacles blocked my way. It was as if, after the roads were closed and people had left for the season, they went-off on the campsite and road, tearing down trees in the hope maybe it would keep people from coming back.

At first, I maintained skepticism. The snows and winds of winter could have knocked the trees down. The further I went, however, the more apparent it became there was more than wind and snow pack at work.

On the way, I found a footprint. The toes impressed perfectly in the mud, but the heel landed in foliage making it hard to judge its length. It was at least twelve inches, but might have been as much as fourteen. It’s width was half-again the width of my bare foot – five inches, or more, in an area I had trouble walking in high boots. The ground was covered in brambles and broken trees. You can watch the video and judge for yourself if a human would walk barefoot in that country.

The footprint is bound by the arrows, toes to the left.

The cap rests just inside the print.

I followed what I suspected was a track they’d made. The ground was covered in fallen trees, browning ferns and broken twigs. Through it all, there was a distinct trail of steps, like post-holes in the dry ferns that left them broken down. The footprint appeared along the track in a rare patch of bare soil.

I had no plaster, which is a shame because I think it would have cast very well. I placed a water bottle along the edge of the print with the cap resting inside for scale. The print was flat, with a hint of a rise just left of the bottle cap that may have been at the mid-tarsal break. The toes prints are seen, with the big toe splayed away from the others.

A mid-tarsal break, and the ability to splay toes for balance, is characteristic of Bigfoot prints according to Dr. Grover Krantz, and Dr. Jeff Meldrum, both qualified experts in the subject. The pictures I took are not good as the mid-day sun beat straight down, making it impossible to keep shadows away, or see what I was framing.

The tracks led to the boulders above Hell’s Hole, the very place I was I was heading. The same place searchers lowered cadaver dogs to look for the missing woman. I had Ginger with me. She almost never barks, and only growls when she means business. She started growling almost the moment we reached the boulders. At the same time I heard a repetitive knock on wood. Knock-knock…knock-knock-knock. Knock-knock…knock-knock-knock.

This is on film in Part 2, but the knocking isn’t picked-up by the camera. It wasn’t the machine-gun rata-tat-tat of a woodpecker, but a slow and precise rhythm, like keeping time with a tune. Ginger refused to follow me any further in that direction. She stood her ground and growled.

I don’t know any normal forest animal that makes a knock like that. I had the feeling the playful sound was meant to entice me. Part of me wanted to go find the source, even though Ginger was growling. I couldn’t put the leash on and drag her, because there were too many trees broken down. I had to let her free to run her own obstacle course, but she refused to follow me.

We stayed long enough to take some film and left. I didn’t feel threatened. In fact, after a few minutes I felt whatever was making the knocks was gone. On the way out, though, I heard a solid wood-knock from a different direction.

It’s at this point I generally turn around, anyway. If I hear knocking, or whoops, I don’t go further. I know that won’t get me a photo op, but there is something about intruding where you’re not wanted. To be a paparazzi, even a Bigfoot paparazzi, is to be a cad, intruding on others privacy for the hope of a photo to sell.

Besides, I don’t want my head torn-off.

Interesting Resources:

Rise of the Warrior Apes … new perspective on our not-so-nice cousins, the chimpanzee.

From Discovery UK

Tolkien’s World – Cousin Species…

Update: They are smarter than you think…Can Great Apes Read Your Mind? from “The Conversation

We shared the planet with pre-modern humans…Science DailyRed Deer Cave People…less than 14,000 years ago.

Homo Floresiensis…17,000 years ago – hobbits!

NeanderthalDenisovan…30,000 to 70,000 years ago. “The Truth Behind the Neanderthal Case“…a good documentary. Professor Tom Higham…”When Neanderthals and Modern Humans Meet” lecture at University of Oxford.

New genetic data on aboriginal  Australian’s…Mystery ancient human ancestor found in Australasian family tree

What were they like…Super Predators?

What are they like…1967…”Patterson-Gimlin“…the full Munn’s Report.


Documentary: Stranger than Fiction – “The Patterson Film”

Most recent sighting.

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Electric Earth – Sycamore Reservoir

Sycamore Reservoir – Parts 1 and 2

I backpack into the Catalina’s to look at features I believe were created by Arc Blast.

The Santa Catalina Mountains are unique in several ways. They are one of the ‘sky islands’ of the Madrean Archipelago. The nautical terms, island and archipelago, are used to describe the region because it resembles a dry island chain, dividing two seas of desert. The islands are mountains and the waters are cactus.

296780_255589454477312_100000787791512_666771_1120526016_nThe eastern sea is the Chihuahua Desert. I liken it to the Sargasso Sea – grasses on swells of rolling land with volcanic protrusions scattered here and there. It’s breezy and bucolic, an extension of the plains where antelope and buffalo once thrived. From West Texas to Arizona, and deep into Mexico, Chihuahua steams with thunderstorms in the summer, glazes with frost in the winter, and is a crystal cocoon of green grass and warmth in the Spring and Fall.

saguarosThe western sea is the Sonoran. It’s an overgrown jungle of desert, if there ever was one. Wetter than a desert should be, it teems with botanical danger. Cholla, Prickly Pear, Barrel, Occatillo, and the most grand succulent of all, Saguaro, wear cloaks of surgically sharp needles. Even the trees, Palo Verde and Mesquite, have thorns.

As inviting to pain as it is, it’s also a bounty of color and plenty that supports life in varietal abundance. Birds gather here from all of North America. The Sonora is the continent’s corridor for avian migration. In all respects, it’s the terrestrial equivalent to the Great Barrier Reef – birds swim in profusion like fish, reptiles skulk in lieu of crustaceans, cartoon cactus replaces coral, snakes are snakes, and coyote, bobcat and cougar predate instead of shark. It’s a coral reef without water.

catalinasThe mountains are the thing, though. They are the way birds and mammals hopscotch the way across dry, desert seas from the Sierra Madre in Mexico, to the Colorado Plateau. They are islands, where summits rise to ten thousand feet, covered in Ponderosa Pine, Douglas Fir and Aspen. Between the peaks and desert floor, environments layer by elevation. Chihuahuan grasslands overlay foothills of Saguaro forests. Canyons sprout sycamore and cottonwood groves. Juniper, Oak and Pinion stand in mid-layers with caps of forested woods with Canadian winters.

The Santa Catalina’s are queen of the Sky Islands, with exceptional majesty and drama in her cliffs, pinnacles and deep canyon vaults. She is a rock pile, though. Stark and bold granite shelves stack canted in a giant monocline.

SAM_0195There are deep cuts in its stacked layers of rock that bear the signature of lightning. Sharp angled, lightning-bolt crevasses shoot up rock faces, their floors exposing dykes of quartz veined rock with a grain at cross pattern to the surrounding cliffs. In other areas, features of precisely the same shape form on soil, the quartz rock replaced with sediments of starkly different color where plants won’t grow.

The obvious explanation that passes muster for science has these features the result of erosion from  rock-slide and water. I don’t think that is the case. Their angled, jagged progression up slopes and cliffs belies a gravity induced causation. I came to examine some of these features, because to me they appear to be evidence of Arc Blast. Arc Blast is a theory I propose for Telluric currents that once erupted from Earth in scorching arcs, and shattered across the surface of the land following a voltage gradient of surface conductive channels.

There is also a pinnacle I examine, called Thimble Peak, that is known by local native lore to be a sacred place. As I have found in most instances, sacred mountains are fulgamites formed by true lightning – arcs from storms in the sky. They stand like electrodes with dykes of rock radiating from the core, a formation created by a sustained and energetic arc. Thimble Peak is no exception, looking like a battery terminal jutting from Earth.


The footprint of the entire mountain changes shape where Thimble Peak rises in stark contrast to surrounding ridges. Deep gorges surround it’s mesa-like sub-structure that finger out into the lightning bolt gouges. This trip takes me to the eastern gorge where I camp in its upper reach. A hot, dry day-hike takes me onto the backbone of ridge behind Thimble Peak to get a hard-to-reach perspective on it, and the giant arc features in the canyons.

SAM_0186The hike is in the Chihuahua ecological zone. It’s spring and the grasses blossom with color. It’s also warm and more buggy than normal. You’ll hear me spitting and swatting gnats quite a bit.

In Part two, I bring out the whiteboard and give a brief discussion of how I think fulgamites like thimble peak are integral to mountain formations like the Catalina’s.

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Triangles In Nature – Why?

First posted to Steemit as “Geometry Challenge – Week 1, Entry 1” on November 3, 2017

Triangular shapes are everywhere in Nature. They show up in geology, biology, chemistry and physics; from the sub-atomic scale to the cosmic. But is it significant? Connect any three points and it makes a triangle – it’s hard to avoid. Triangles are bound to appear in Nature, because it’s … well, natural.

Or is it that simple? Triangles emerge in fractal geometries, where they repeat at different scales. It’s as if there is a common denominator influencing the process. The finest examples are ones most difficult to reconcile with accepted theories.

Mountains, we are told, rise and fall subject to tectonic movement, seismic vibration, upheaval,  faulting, freezing, thawing, lightning, wind and water erosion. A mountain form results from a potpourri of random effects spanning millions of years. You’d think they’d just be piles of rubble, yet we find features like this:

AsiaAsian 8Asian 3

Good lord, there’s triangles everywhere. Not kinda triangular, but sharp-edged and consistently angled, that repeat, over an over. It’s amazing, really. And to think this could happen from millions of independent, random forces acting over millions of years. It’s a wonder.

Geologists say the cause is mainly erosion. Water follows faults, and cracks, carrying away soil, and rock. Rain collects into runnels, that collect into streams, and funnel into ever narrower channels of flow, leaving triangular pyramids between canyons. It’s that simple.

But is this true? Doesn’t water flow straight down, obeying the imperative of gravity? Take a look at these volcanoes. Their flanks are no different than mountains, and they certainly show water erosion.

No triangles, though. Except for the conical shape of the volcano itself, triangles don’t appear. Just chaotic, flow patterns that basically squiggle straight down.


Perhaps it’s some property of mountains that volcanoes don’t share. Linear alignment of faults that direct the water to produce a regularity in form … maybe?

But that can’t explain the triangles in the next pictures. Just look at the rock behind the triangles. It’s pocked and uneven, twisted and tortured. So, how could water flow in any regular way to carve the neat, little repeating triangles below?


San Rafael Reef, Utah – photos by Andrew Hall

Close-up you can see the triangles are mostly soft dirt sediments laying on hard sandstone rock. They should have eroded away millions of years ago. Yet here they sit in a neat, tidy row along the base of jagged, rocky slopes. The triangles are evenly layered and cut straight, yet the rock underneath is uneven and convoluted. There doesn’t appear to be evidence of water flow at all.

The triangles aren’t piles of dirt fallen from the slopes above, either. They are clearly layered at the same angle throughout, with hard layers sandwiched between layers of soil. The soil is not even the same color. A rock slide couldn’t do that.

Look at something even stranger. On this mountain in Iran, triangles repeat in harmonics. The triangles are layered on one another, with the outer ones repeating the form in harmony – where two, three or more triangles repeat inside the form of the previous triangle. I circled where seven tiny ones formed across the base of a larger one.


Harmonics displays itself often on the flanks of mountains of every type of rock, from sandstone to granite, everywhere in the world. They appear in rows, spaced precisely like wavelengths, their amplitudes rising and falling in geometric progression in nested, harmonic triangular forms.




It’s as if they are wave-forms. In fact, every aspect of their appearance relates to sonic waves. They appear in harmonic frequencies, with wavelengths and amplitudes that vary in proportion, and they are always layered in place, the stratification angled with the face of the triangle.

It’s odd that the faces are flat, too. They should be humped and rounded if made by erosion. It’s as if they were layered into place during some coherent event, with new wave-layers breaking into smaller harmonic repetitions of the wave-form as time progressed. This is something sonic waves do, too.

San Rafael Reef, Utah – photo by Andrew Hall

Finely layered sandstone on Comb Ridge, Arizona – photo by Andrew Hall.


Sometimes mountains can be absolutely crazy, going beast – mode with the triangles. Look at the following pictures, and there is only one rational conclusion to draw.

Astroiranradial3expfaniran8Asia6Asia 7

These were made by coherent forces, not random erosion over time. Just look at the images and it’s clear something fundamentally different from mere erosion occurred. There is some common denominator in the equation for mountains we are missing.

In fact, there are too many wave-like features to be coincidence. There is the repeating fractal form of the triangle itself, with consistent angles. Consistent amplitudes relating to specific layers, suggesting a time sequence to their formation. Wavelength, frequency and amplitude maintain consistent ratios. And they appear regardless of the type of rock, in ordered, stratified layers. Not only that, the wave-forms express compression and expansion, interference patterns, and repeat in nested harmonics. And there is obvious coherence across grand landscapes. The evidence defies all commonly accepted theory.

There is a logical answer, however. There is a rational, physical explanation why mountains have triangular flatiron flanks. Unfortunately, it has nothing to do with water erosion, earthquakes, or millions of years. It has nothing to do with plate tectonics. In fact, the answer disputes almost everything taught in school.

It has to do with the wind. I’m not talking about the wind as you know it. I’m talking about a primordial wind of super-sonic velocity, that generated shock waves and carried electricity. That is why these features appear with patterned perfection. Shock waves create triangular patterns. The mountains didn’t erode into these shapes, they were built into these shapes, like sand dunes in the wind. In fact, except for volcanoes, sand dunes are the only mountain we see made – by the wind.

Bullet impact creates triangular shock wave reflections. Supersonic wind produces triangles in standing, reflected waves.

The face of Earth was once scoured by weather like Jupiter’s, with winds that exceeded the speed of sound. Triangles are prime evidence. Supersonic wind creates standing waves of pressure and rarefaction that take triangular form as they reflect from obstructions in the wind flow. Obstructions like mountains – so the windward flanks have the triangular shape of shock patterns embossed on them.

reflected shock
Shock diamonds produced by supersonic flow in a wind tunnel.

The atmosphere was also heavily ionized, and the dust it carried obeyed electric fields, welding and electroplating the landscape like a plasma torch.

Mountains were created in such a primordial environment. That’s why they line up in linear arrays, like dunes. That’s why one face is steeper, like a dune, and the other slope – the windward side, is shallow, flat and displays triangular features. That’s why volcanoes, which were formed by eruption and not winds, don’t display triangular features, and water erodes channels straight down their slopes like it’s supposed to.

None of this is implausible. We see tornadoes produce winds of 300 mph. That’s roughly half the speed of sound. So, it’s entirely possible winds on Earth reached two, three, or more times that speed in the past.

And ionization and electrical current is already in the atmosphere. The highest winds are produced by tornadoes in electrical storms, where the electric field grows to hundreds of millions of volts above normal. Enough to create the giant sparks we call lightning.

We actually see all the conditions in our weather to produce a mountain, except the extreme severity of wind speed and ionization. But we do see those conditions on other planets. Jupiter and Saturn swirl in dynamic cyclones of ionic wind that reach supersonic speeds. Venus’ atmosphere is a constant electric storm, with lightning thousands of times bigger than we see on Earth. If we can see it happening on our neighborhood planets, that’s good evidence it could happened here.

What we don’t have evidence of on other planets, is plate tectonics. Oh well, there isn’t much evidence on Earth either. It’s the narrative that won’t go away, built on unverified assumptions that we’ve been taught to believe.

The truth is, we don’t even know what’s inside the Earth past the few miles of crust we’ve drilled through. We don’t know what causes earthquakes, volcanoes, or mountains to rise and fall. We don’t know if mountains rise and fall, at all. All we have are a bunch of assumptions about what happened long ago.

What the landscape shows doesn’t look like the theory we are taught. It looks like something completely different shaped the land. Alternative ideas abound, but mine is the only one that explains the triangles.

Since we live on this planet, our minds should be open to what it tells us. There is more than triangular shapes on mountains to comprehend. If your interested in learning more, follow me at the ‘electricearth’ tag at Steemit, and visit my website, The Daily Plasma.

Before we end, here is a bonus. Sometimes you can find triangles on volcanoes if you look inside the crater… Tell me why @chargedbody.

Maar crater, Pinacate Volcanic Field, Sonora, Mexico

Arc Blast

Re-posted courtesy of the Thunderbolts Project

Here is a three part presentation on Arc Blast. It’s a theory on mountain formation based on evidence of coherent, harmonic shock-wave features found on mountains everywhere. Mainstream science contends these are features created by water erosion. Take a look at what I present and decide for yourself. Consider how water can erode rock into layered, harmonic forms.

Related articles:

Arc Blast – Part One

Arc Blast – Part Two

Arc Blast – Part Three

The Monocline